Immigration International Emigration MigrationMobility In – Migration Circulation Internal Out- Migration
Migration is..• The movement of people across specific boundary,• national or international• to establish new place of residence• lasting not less than one year• All others are types should be termed ‘Circulation’
Types• The Scale = Regional, National, International• The Cause = Forced or voluntary• The Area = Rural to Urban, LEDC-MEDC
Why do people choose to migrate?Motives: Push and Pull Factors1. Physical2. Environmental3. Economic4. Social5. Political
Intervening Obstacles• Factors which influence a person’s migrability – (Encourage / prevent migration) Push Pull Intervening Obstacles Origin Destination
Examples of Intervening Obstacles:• Government restrictions – work permit, visa• Cost of moving – unable to afford transport cost• Worried / anxiety about moving to a new place perhaps with different culture, religion, language• Lack of awareness of opportunities – jobs• Lack of skills and education• Distance – too far?
• Do classwork exercise• Ross page 128 – Noting activities