Spirituality in Islam
Aysha Wazwaz
PhD Candidate
M.A Contemporary Islamic Studies
B.A Islamic Law
http://ayshawazwaz.wordp...
What is Spirituality about in
many people’s view?
Issues that come to mind when
speaking about spirituality
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Meditation
Prayer
Leaving modern life and being...
Body- Soul antagonistic or not?
Do they develop on each other’s
expense?
• most philosophical and religious thoughts
consi...
The concept of spirituality in Islam
compared to spirituality in other
religions and ideologies
• Islam’s concept of spiri...
Body- soul conflict result
•

man racing to find pleasures in any
way possible even if it contradicted his pure
creation a...
Islam’s view point on body and
spirituality
• Man is a (khalifah) (vicegerent) in this
world, and was created in the best ...
Is spirituality a psychological healing or
not?
• Spirituality should not be detached or in distanced
from the fundamental...
Islam and Asceticism
• Islam rejects living away from your
responsibilities and proposes methods for the
elevation of ones...
Symptoms of spiritual decay
•
• Not being able to distinguish right from wrong
–
– Getting accustomed to falsehood, then e...
What is to be attained through
spirituality?
• Success in both this life and the hereafter
• Paradise
•
•
• Noticing the b...
Reasons for spiritual decay
• Lust and personal motives (
• Suspicion
• anger

)
Criterion for spiritual development
• Use all capacities for the sake of God Almighty
and fulfilling all duties with since...
Spiritual development is obligatory on
every Muslim
•
Spirit and Soul conflicting or
connecting
• Islam does not separate spiritual actions from
materialistic/ or body actions ...
Ways for attaining spiritual
development
• Spiritual elevators
• Spiritual refrainments
spiritual refrainment
• Abstaining from major sins
– Criterion for a major sin
– Religiosity, soul, mind, chastity, wealth...
Stages of spirituality
• Islam
• Eman increases with obedience to God
Almighty and decreases with sin.
• Taqwa: leaves eve...
Spiritual elevators
spiritual therapy
• Islam connects between faith and action,
therefore strong faith stands with strong...
The Road to Spirituality
• Faith

•
• Heart
• intentions
(spiritual elevators)
• FAITH (Eman)
•
Monotheism in belief, action( in accordance with
God Almighty) and worship (for him...
Forms of worship in Islam (1)

• Spiritual worship
–
(dkikir, tasbeeh, asking God Almighty
for fogivness)
–
– Repentance
–...
Forms of worship in Islam (2)
• Physical worship
–
Fasting
–
Pilgrimage (combines all kinds of worship)
• Monetary worship...
Individual spirituality is also the
criterion of community spirituality
(civilization)
Understanding our own self is the first
step to spirituality
• Man is created with a pure state of (fitra)
(instinct)
• Th...
Nafs
• The soul that is always self blaming
• The soul that orders to wrong hood
• The content soul
•
Jihad of the nafs
•
•
•
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Spirituality in-islam

  1. 1. Spirituality in Islam Aysha Wazwaz PhD Candidate M.A Contemporary Islamic Studies B.A Islamic Law http://ayshawazwaz.wordpress.com
  2. 2. What is Spirituality about in many people’s view?
  3. 3. Issues that come to mind when speaking about spirituality • • • • • • • • Meditation Prayer Leaving modern life and being simple Monks Leaving materialism and living in ones oneself Contemplation Running away from life Searching for answers on what is behind life or death.
  4. 4. Body- Soul antagonistic or not? Do they develop on each other’s expense? • most philosophical and religious thoughts considered that spirituality can only be obtained by denying the physical needs and mortification of the flesh, and that world activity or modern life arrests spiritual elevation.
  5. 5. The concept of spirituality in Islam compared to spirituality in other religions and ideologies • Islam’s concept of spirituality goes beyond the dualism of spirit and matter and considers it as the core concept of being Muslim and reason of life.
  6. 6. Body- soul conflict result • man racing to find pleasures in any way possible even if it contradicted his pure creation and even went far into comparing himself with animals rather than being a noble human. • Pleasure made as a goal, whether that was wealth, fame, ownership, sex…etc. • People seeking spirituality by denying their physical needs, family needs, community needs and participation in developing their community.
  7. 7. Islam’s view point on body and spirituality • Man is a (khalifah) (vicegerent) in this world, and was created in the best way for the fulfillment of this responsibility. • The body was created with a sole object (i.e the soul/ spirit) in order to function for the fulfillment of the khilafah. • The body does not function without the soul, and the path for the soul development is in both in soul and body.
  8. 8. Is spirituality a psychological healing or not? • Spirituality should not be detached or in distanced from the fundamental ontological questions: how we came to this world and why and where we are going? Spirituality should be part of the answer to these questions. SPIRITUALITY SHOULD NOT BE A SHORT WAY TO RUN AWAY FROM THESE QUESTIONS OR FROM A PERSONAL TROUBLE. IT SHOULD BE IN THE CORE OF OUR UNDERSTANDIND OF THIS LIFE AND WHAT COMES AFTER IT. • Spirituality and fitra (instinct) in Islam complete each other. The Therefore, within your “fitra” the need for spirituality or (closeness to God Almighty).
  9. 9. Islam and Asceticism • Islam rejects living away from your responsibilities and proposes methods for the elevation of ones spirituality not outside this world but within life and your responsibilities. • Spirituality in Islam does not isolate you from the world around you, but makes you feel as the center of the community since it pushes you into being more active as a part of the world.
  10. 10. Symptoms of spiritual decay • • Not being able to distinguish right from wrong – – Getting accustomed to falsehood, then ending seeing it as a norm. – • Confusion, lost in many paths, or trying out to many paths in search of answers on life. s • Feeling lost • Sadness, depression • Fear, and worried
  11. 11. What is to be attained through spirituality? • Success in both this life and the hereafter • Paradise • • • Noticing the blessings that God Almgihty had given you. • Living a balanced life during happiness and sadness
  12. 12. Reasons for spiritual decay • Lust and personal motives ( • Suspicion • anger )
  13. 13. Criterion for spiritual development • Use all capacities for the sake of God Almighty and fulfilling all duties with sincerity and obedience to Him alone almighty by doing things as He had ordered in the manner that He had ordered it to be done.
  14. 14. Spiritual development is obligatory on every Muslim •
  15. 15. Spirit and Soul conflicting or connecting • Islam does not separate spiritual actions from materialistic/ or body actions but considers them tied with each other. So your actions affect your spirituality, and your spirituality affects your life and your happiness or depression and tranquility
  16. 16. Ways for attaining spiritual development • Spiritual elevators • Spiritual refrainments
  17. 17. spiritual refrainment • Abstaining from major sins – Criterion for a major sin – Religiosity, soul, mind, chastity, wealth • Associating partners with God Almighty • Killing • Harming your own or other’s body and chastity (ie. Fornication or adultery) • Harming the mind (drinking, drugs) • Mistreating others possessions such as: stealing, interest • Abstaining from minor sins – Sight sins – Hearing sins, listening to the wrong things – Some behavioral sins – Talking sins, such as backbiting – Eating and drinking sins
  18. 18. Stages of spirituality • Islam • Eman increases with obedience to God Almighty and decreases with sin. • Taqwa: leaves everything that is forbidden or takes to forbidden paths. • Ihsan: attained highest excellence in belief, words, actions and thoughts.
  19. 19. Spiritual elevators spiritual therapy • Islam connects between faith and action, therefore strong faith stands with strong actions that base from faith …
  20. 20. The Road to Spirituality • Faith • • Heart • intentions
  21. 21. (spiritual elevators) • FAITH (Eman) • Monotheism in belief, action( in accordance with God Almighty) and worship (for him Alone) • Mind, heart, actions all for the sake of God Almighty • Performing the pillars of Islam – Believing in one God Almighty – Praying: 5 times the obligatory, and more if wanted to increase meditation – Fasting, self discipline and training and giving up for the sake of God Almighty – Charity: monetary sacrafice, cooperation amongst the community – Pilgrimage: universal Muslim brotherhood and humility • And increasing more in good deeds for His sake and not for personal motives. • Dhikir
  22. 22. Forms of worship in Islam (1) • Spiritual worship – (dkikir, tasbeeh, asking God Almighty for fogivness) – – Repentance – Reading the Quran – invocation • Physical and spiritual worship – Prayer – All actions if done for the sake of God Almighty, including marriage and marital relations.
  23. 23. Forms of worship in Islam (2) • Physical worship – Fasting – Pilgrimage (combines all kinds of worship) • Monetary worship (as a form of obedience) – • Behavioral worship – Lowering the gaze, adultery, modesty – eating and drinking , balancing and eating what is halal • Contemplation worship • Remembering death as a reality of life • Disciplining ones self all the time •
  24. 24. Individual spirituality is also the criterion of community spirituality (civilization)
  25. 25. Understanding our own self is the first step to spirituality • Man is created with a pure state of (fitra) (instinct) • The fitra maybe inflicted by: environment, peers, media or even Nafs
  26. 26. Nafs • The soul that is always self blaming • The soul that orders to wrong hood • The content soul •
  27. 27. Jihad of the nafs • • •
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