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    9 9 Presentation Transcript

    • A World on the Move Lecture nine Transnationalism and the Translocal Village
    • Readings
      • Velayutham, Selvaraj and Amanda Wise 2005 ‘Moral Economies of a Translocal Village: Obligation and Shame Among South Indian Transnational Migrants’. Global Networks 5(1): 27-47.
      • Eriksen, Thomas Hylland 2007 Globalization . Oxford: Berg. Chapter 5. pp 91-106
    • Objectives
      • To gain a further understanding of theories of identification and belonging,
      • To examine the social and emotional dynamics of transnational family connections
      • To analyse the phenomenon of the translocal village.
    • Learning Outcomes
      • An understanding of how the concepts of ‘transnationalism’, ‘translocalism’ and ‘the translocal village’ may be useful to the analysis of migration
      • An understanding of the moral and affective dimensions of transnational family dynamics
    • Key concepts in the WotM module Focus in this lecture
      • Global networks (spread, intensity, frequency):
      • Networks between migrants and homeland communities
      • Global movement/flows along these networks: people, objects/images, commodities, money, ideas, diseases:
      • South Indian migrants in Singapore and relatives in India, money, material culture, kinship/cast ideologies, family news, wives
      • Homogenization versus diversity
      • ideal of one homogenous community, moral pressure?
      • Appropriation: locally specific understanding and use of globally distributed cultural products (things, customs, ideologies, etc.) identification and appropriation in the diaspora
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      • Transnationalism
      • ‘ the processes by which immigrants forge and sustain multi-stranded social relations that link together their societies of origin and settlement’ (Basch, Glick Schiller and Blanc-Szanton 1994: 7, quoted by Viruell-Fuentes 2006: 335)
    • Trans local connections
      • To particular migrant groups, national identity may be less relevant or not relevant at all.
      • Instead regional identities and connection with particular religious or caste groups may be more important.
    • Musuguntha Vellalar caste members, Tamil Nadu
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    • Panoramic view of Little India in Singapore
    • Little India, Veeramakaliamman Temple
    • Tanjore temple, India
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    • Little India, Veeramakaliamman Temple
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    • Musuguntha Vellalar caste members
      • from Soorapallam (5000 people, 50 percent Musuguntha Vellalars)
      • migrated to Singapore since the 1950s
      • endogamous marriage practices (marrying within the cast group)
      • cross-cousin marriage (with mother’s brother’s daughter)
      • reproduction of kindred is a strictly policed rule
    • Caste loyalty and the translocal village
      • Frequent visits and communication
      • arranged marriages with children from the village
      • economic obligations, remittances, building activities
      • creation of diaspora: socio-cultural activities in Singapore
    • Managing the translocal village
      • Moral economy : reciprocity, family honour
      • Affective regime : fear of shame and ostracism
      • ‘ as with all forms of society, the translocal traffic in sentiments (Werbner 1999: 26) entails a degree of social social coercian. Appadurai calls this a “community of sentiment” (Appadurai 1996: 8)’ (Velayutham and Wise 2005: 34)
    • Conclusion
      • Translocal networks between South Indian migrants and homeland communities
      • Global movement along these networks: caste members, cast ideologies, remittances, kin
      • Ideal of one homogenous translocal community, moral and emotional pressure to continue the links through marriage
      • locally specific kinship practices stretched out over large distances to shape migrant life.