Casino gambling


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  • During Rama V’s regine [1863 - 1910], the gambling was outlawed due to the increase in crime and bankrupcy rate and gambling was completely offically close down on  April, 1 1917.   Then, in the late 1980s, there were plan to turn the Ambassador Hotel in Pattaya to a  casino-resort but the plan was ruined by the coup in 1992.  Later on, in 2003, Prime Minster Thaksin Shinawatra also proposed the idea of legalizing casino but however, the coup in 2006 cause his plans to canceled . Afterward, in 2010, Samak Sundaravej adopted Thaksin idea and proposed the idea of legalizing casino in tourist centers such as in Chiang Mai, Phuket, Pattaya, Hat Yai and Khon Kaen (Peak). In these cases, among the member of ASEAN [Association of South east Asian Nations], Brunei, Indonesia and Thailand are now the only member who oppose the idea of casino illegalization   there were around 187 to 300 gambling dens in Bangkok Thai people have an open aceess to legal gambling located near the thai border and 99% of those casino were owned by Thai people Despite the fact that legalizing casino brings economic and social benefit to Thailand, gambling may goes against the moral issues and the negative social cost is greater.
  • Stop leakage of money to offshore casino:  close down the illegal dens and private casinos which a huge amount of money is going to illegal or offshore casino instead of going to the government  It was estimated that the total profit of the casino is around 44,900 - 163,220 million baht per year and people who travel oversea export 400 billion baht aboard annually singapore: tousim incnrease 20% since 2003, Macau tourism rate was quadruple and its increases 30% of the economic growth rate in 2007 Additionally, the South Korean’s revenues was increases from $256 million in 1994 to $1.15 billion in 2007
  • Deontology theory, which tell human to avoid taking action due to temptation, attraction, emotion, motivation or interest eightfold path that tells people that desire is the root of all suffering The national poll shows that gambling is based on greed and covetousness with  ⅔ of respondents stated that winning money is their reason to gambl Its also goes against the middle path which value making decision based on the group of three goodness of the spirit which include munificent [not greedy] , scrupulousness [not obsessive] and lastly, tranquility [not angry] and perception of reality oreover, casino also provides free alcohol which goes against the fifth Buddhist percepts which tell people to  avoid participate in any action that would result in losing mindfulness or intoxication. n addition, if the gambling is really legalized, they might consider legalizing drug and prostitution as well which goes against the Buddhist belief (Steve). Furthermore, the states have the duty to suppress vice in which they should not support casino that opposed the Buddhist precepts and make gambling become an acceptable activity (Phongpaichit). Based on the Thai Constitution, the government once stated that  “The state shall patronize and protect Buddhism as well as encourage the `application of religious principles” (You).
  • decrease corruption:  Closing down illegal den and casino help minimize the government corruption and bribery of police, politician and officials because the police gain benefit from the illegal casino by receiving profit of 0.3 - 2.5 million and most of the casino were owned by politician.  Moreover, it provides more employment for job related to casino (You). For example, in Singapore, in 2000 after the casino was legalized, its economic growth increased by 14.7 and 1.7%  to the GDP growth and increase the rate of employment with the increase of 20,000 casino related jobs. In this case, with the revenue tax from the , it could be used for the social welfare and infrastructure such as improving education, health system or fund state and other local program ( you)  Fewer warzones would exist between the rivaling gambling business due to disciplinary government intervention (You). In addition, the supporter emphasize the fact that gambling is already existed in Thailand so it’s would be better to make it official which will make some illegal gambling game less accessible to the citizen (Phongpaichit). It was estimated that there were around 187 - 300 illegal den in Bangkok with around 61-100 were small casino 122-200 medium casino, and at least 5 are large casino. It was also predicted that illegal casino existed around half of all province in Thailand especially Kanchanaburi, Nakhon Pathom, Ratchaburi, Samut Salkhon, Prachuap Khiri Khan and Phetchaburi with 13 province have at least 3 big casino while 25 province have at least 2 small to
  • Casino gambling

    1. 1. Casino  Gambling Sirimas  Somboon
    2. 2. Introduction  <ul><ul><li>Rama III- [1824- 51] - casino for tax revenue  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rama V- [1863 - 1910]- ban gambling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>April 1, 1917, closed down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1980 - Ambassador Hotel  in Pattaya </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2003: PM Thaksin  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2010: Samak- tourism spot  </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Positive Econo mic Advantage  <ul><ul><li>Stop leakage of money to offshore casino </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase government tax revenue </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Moral Issue  <ul><ul><li>Deontology theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eightfold path </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Middle path </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol and fifth Buddhist percepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State duty  </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Positive Social Effect <ul><ul><li>Decrease corruption  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing casino = make official </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Negative Economic Effect  <ul><ul><li>  wont close down illegal casino </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic development is overestimaed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attract poor people mote than rich people  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>affect restaurant and movie theater  </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Negative Social Effect <ul><ul><li>Decrease amount of saving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>promoting crime. sucidal, abuse, divorce,  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child being expose to gambling </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Conclusion <ul><ul><li>shouldn't legalized gambling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government should educated people  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>promote Buddhism  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>police and political reform  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Work cited  <ul><li>Chayaveero, Phramaha Veerachai. &quot;A Critical Study of Ethical Problems : The Case of TheLegalizing    </li></ul><ul><li>Gambling in Thailand.&quot; h . N.p. 3 Apr. 2004. Web. 15 May 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Fullbrook, David. &quot;Thailand: The Economics of Vice.&quot; Asia Times Online . Asia Time, 08 Jan. 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>              Web. 27 Apr. 2011. &quot;Gambling Town Has Its Pros and Cons.&quot; . N.p. 01 Aug. 2008. Web. 08 May                                                                                                                     2011. Kindt, John Warren. &quot;Economic Impacts Of Licensed Casino Gambling In West Virginia.&quot; PBS: Public     Broadcasting . N.p. Web . n.d. 15 May 2011. &quot;Legal Gambling in Thailand.&quot; Thailand Musings . N.p.  4 Mar. 2008. Web. 22 May 2011 Ogwyn, John H. &quot;Legalized Gambling: Economic Boom or Social Bust?&quot; Tomorrow's World . </li></ul><ul><li>N.p. Aug. 2001. Web. 08 May 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Paquet, Bob. &quot;Gambling A Moral Issue.&quot; Crying in the . N.p. Web. n.d. 15 May 2011. Peak, Grant. &quot;Thai PM Proposes Legalizing Casinos at Tourist Spots.&quot; The Irrawaddy . </li></ul><ul><li>Irrawaddy, 05 Mar. 2008. Web. 25 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Phongpaichit, Pasuk. “Gambling in Thailand.” Utsahakam Kan Phanan . N.p. Feb. 1999. Web.25 </li></ul><ul><li>Apr. 2011. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Work cited  <ul><li>Phongpaichit, Pasuk, Phiriyarangsan Sangsit, and Treerat Nualnoi. &quot;Casinos.&quot; Guns, Girls,          Gambling,Ganja: Thailand's Illegal Economy and Public Policy . Chiang Mai: Silkworm, </li></ul><ul><li>                 1998. 12-44. Print. Steve. &quot;Legal Gambling in Thailand.&quot; Thailand Musings . N.p. 04 Mar. 2008. Web. 1 May 2011.&quot;The </li></ul><ul><li>                 Pros and Cons of Gambling.&quot; . N.p. Web. n.d. 08 May 2011. Torr, James D. Gambling: Opposing Viewpoints . San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, 2002. Print. Voorhis, Dan. &quot;Would Casino Help or Hurt Our Economy?&quot; EBSCO . 17 May 2007. Web. 16 May </li></ul><ul><li>         2011. You, Anabela Vio. The Legalization of Gambling in Thailand; a Revisited Discourse in Light Of </li></ul><ul><li>         Recent Developments . N.p. 2004. Web. 28 Apr. 2011. </li></ul>