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  • 1. rock_siraj@ymail.com CorelDraw 12 Tutorial The CorelDraw screen: Status Bar Using the UNDO Command: When you make a mistake, you can undo it immediately by clicking Edit on the Menu Bar and then clicking Undo. The keyboard shortcut for undo is CTRL-Z (i.e. hold the CTRL key while pressing Z). Deleting an Object: Choose the Pick Tool ( ). Select the object to be deleted. Press the Delete key. Stretching an Object: Select an object. The 8 handles that appear around the selected object enable you to stretch or distort the object. Position the cursor on top of any handle and the cursor will appear as an arrow. Menus Toolbars Toolbox Page Drawing Dockers Colour Palette
  • 2. rock_siraj@ymail.com To enlarge or reduce the object and maintain its proportions, place the cursor on top of any one of the four corner handles. Drag the arrow cursor and you will stretch the object, without any distortion. Draw a star: click and hold the mouse on the Basic Shapes tool ( ) choose the star shapes tool ( ) choose the 5-pointed star from the Shape Menu ( ) in the menu bar at the top of the screen click and drag the mouse to make a star shape Practice stretching the star to make different sizes and shapes. Try holding the SHIFT key while dragging. To make copies, press the right mouse button while still holding the left down. To horizontally stretch and distort an object, drag the centre right (or left) handle. Notice that the height stayed the same, but the star was horizontally stretched or distorted. To vertically stretch or distort an object, drag the center top (or bottom) handle. Note that the distortion makes the star stretch vertically, while retaining the same width. drag dragdrag drag dragdrag drag drag
  • 3. rock_siraj@ymail.com Making a Mirror Image of an Object: You will often find a graphic that would be more suitable to your needs if it was reversed from its given orientation. Reflecting a graphic so that it faces a different direction is an easy task. There are two methods that will do this for you. Draw a thought bubble: click and hold the mouse on the Basic Shapes tool choose the callout shapes tool ( ) choose the thought bubble ( ) from the Shape Menu ( ) in the menu bar at the top of the screen click and drag the mouse to make a thought bubble Let’s mirror the thought bubble so that it faces in the opposite direction: Select the object. Place the cursor on the centre left handle. The cursor becomes an arrow. Drag the handle over and beyond the centre right handle. The new shape will be shown in blue as you drag. Watch the status line until a 100% stretch has been reached. The mirror image will be placed beside the Start dragging here Stop dragging here original location If you want a copy made, click the right mouse button before releasing the left button. Making a Mirror Image Using the Transformation Docker: Select the object that will be mirrored. If you do not already see the Transformations Docker, select: Arrange  Transformations  Scale Make sure Scale and Mirror is selected:
  • 4. rock_siraj@ymail.com Select the Horizontal (or Vertical) mirror button and click Apply. The mirror copy will be in the same place as the original. If you wish to have the original object left as well as the mirror image, click Apply to Duplicate instead of Apply. Rotating an Object (by hand): To rotate an object requires special rotation arrows that will allow you to drag the object through any angle desired. To obtain the rotation arrows, click on an object when it is already selected. If the object you want to rotate is not selected, click on it twice. After the first click, the usual 8 handles appear around the object. After the second click, the rotation arrows appear in place of the handles. Please the cursor on top of the corner arrow and the cursor becomes a round arrow. Drag to rotate, watching the status bar to see the number of degrees of rotation. A blue copy of the image will be shown to indicate the where the final image will be located. Release the mouse button and the image will be rotated.
  • 5. rock_siraj@ymail.com Rotation an Object using the Transformation Docker: Select the object that will be rotated (only once, so the 8 handles are shown). Select Rotate in the Transformation Docker: Type the number of degrees of rotation in the Angle box. A positive angle will rotate the object counter clockwise; negative angles will rotate the object clockwise. Click Apply. If you wish to leave the original as well as the rotated object, click Apply to Duplicate instead of Apply. Using the Ellipse Tool: Click on the Ellipse Tool ( ) in the Tool Bar. The cursor will become a “+”. Click and drag diagonally with the “+” cursor. Release the mouse when the desired ellipse is drawn. Click and start dragging here Stop dragging and release the mouse here To draw a circle, hold down the CTRL key as you drag the ellipse tool. Release the mouse button before lifting the CTRL key. To draw a circle from its centre, press both the CTRL and Shift keys down as you drag the ellipse tool. Release the mouse button before lifting the CTRL key. Drag diagonally
  • 6. rock_siraj@ymail.com Using the Colour Palette: The colour palette appears on the right hand side of the screen. To fill an object with colour, left click on any colour in the palette. To have no fill in the object, left click on the X in the colour palette. To change the outline colour of an object, right click on a colour. To have no outline, right click on the X in the colour palette. To view more of the colours in the palette, click on the expand button. The outline width can be changed in the property toolbar: The currently selected fill colour, outline colour and outline width are shown in the status bar at the bottom right of the screen: Reproduce the following using the ellipse tool and the colour palette: overlapping circles in red ellipse with blue outline & alternating colours yellow ellipse with green outline snowman
  • 7. rock_siraj@ymail.com Repeating a Task: To repeat the last task that you did, press CTRL-R. Make concentric circles: Make one circle with no fill. Select the circle. Select Arrange  Transformations  Scale Enter 120% for horizontal and vertical scale. Click “Apply to Duplicate”. Press CTRL-R several times Scale a circle into an ellipse: Draw one circle with no fill. Scale the circle as above, but only put the horizontal scale to 120% (leave the vertical at 100%)
  • 8. rock_siraj@ymail.com Moving Objects an Exact Distance: When you need to move an object an exact distance, choose Arrange  Transformations  Position Specific horizontal and vertical movements can be entered. You can choose to move the original or to leave the original and apply the movement to a duplicate. Make a slinkey: Make an ellipse with no fill Select Arrange  Transformations  Position Enter 0.1 for the vertical movement value Click Apply to Duplicate Press CTRL-R several times The Centre of Rotation: When you select an object then click it again to obtain the rotation handles, CorelDraw shows you the center of rotation for the object. Make this atomic symbol by rotation an ellipse with no fill by 120° (360 ÷ 3). Add the 3 small black circles.
  • 9. rock_siraj@ymail.com Moving the Centre of Rotation: You can move the center of rotation by dragging it to a new location. Rotations will now take place around this new center. You can also set the center of rotation to specific places (top, bottom, left, right and the corners) by clicking on the grid in the Transformation docker: Create the following butterfly shape: Draw an ellipse filled with white. Select Modify  Transformations  Rotation Click the bottom position in the grid to move the center of rotation to the bottom Rotate the original ellipse by 45° (don’t create a duplicate) Change the rotation angle to 90° (360° ÷ 4) and click Apply to duplicate three times. Notice that if you try to move the butterfly, it is easily ruined. You can Undo the move using CTRL-Z if this happens, but it is better to group it all together into one object. Grouping Objects: Several objects can be combined together into one new object to keep the parts together. Marquis select all the objects that are to be grouped and select Arrange  Group. Alternatively, you can use the keyboard shortcut CTRL-G. You can always ungroup objects later by selecting Arrange  Ungroup.
  • 10. rock_siraj@ymail.com Make a grouped daisy with eight petals: Start with an ellipse with no fill and move the center of rotation to the bottom. To fit 8 petals in 360°, use an angle of 360° ÷ 8 = 45°. When finished, marquis select the entire object and group it together. Make these daisies using the same method. Add a center to the daisies before grouping it all together. Black-eyed Susan Daisy: 12 orange petals & black center Michaelmas Daisy: 36 thin mauve petals with yellow center Arranging Objects: When objects are created in CorelDraw, the newer objects are always placed on top of other objects. Sometimes this can hide other objects. Often you need to change the order that the objects appear. Use the options in the Arrange  Order menu to do this. They include: To Front - Brings the selected object(s) to the very front To Back - Sends the selected object(s) to the very back Forward One - Brings the selected object(s) front one layer Back One - Sends the selected object(s) back one layer And another useful one is: Reverse Order - Reverses the order of the selected objects Use the Arrange to Front and Arrange to Back commands to make these graphics: Rings Target Critter
  • 11. rock_siraj@ymail.com Interlocking Circles Hint: Start with a circle that has its center of rotation located well outside of the circle. For the 12 circles, calculate the angle using the same method as for petals. Using the Rectangle Tool: Use the rectangle tool to draw these objects. Start by drawing the smallest rectangle. Select the rectangle to obtain its handles. Drag the lower right corner to make a larger rectangle, and make a copy by clicking the right mouse button. Concentric squares and rectangles: Hold Ctrl to make a perfect square. Hold shift while dragging to align centres. To make round corners, use the “corner roundness” control in the toolbar: Make a window: Draw one of the small squares and make the border thicker. Use Arrange  Transform  Position to make duplicates of the square – first right, then down, then left. Turn “Snap to Objects” on (View  Snap to Objects). Draw a rectangle the size of the full window. Use Arrange  Transformations  Scale to enlarge it to 110%. Group it all together.
  • 12. rock_siraj@ymail.com Altering Clipart from the Symbols Library: You can get clipart from the scrapbook by selecting Tools  Scrapbook  Browse. Normally you would use the CorelDraw CD, but we do not have enough copies to go around. I have stored some clipart on the computer. To get it, select: Desktop  My Computer  Shared (S:)  Wood  Clipart Then DRAG and DROP the clipart onto your page. Do not double click it – that would open it up as a new document. You can edit the clipart (add, delete, change colour, etc.) by ungrouping it first: Arrange  Ungroup. Usually after making changes, you group it together again. Convert a zebra into a horse: Find the zebra in Animals/Wild/Zebra Ungroup it and delete its stripes (select and press Delete). Group it afterwards. Using symbols: Any letter or symbol that appears in any font can be inserted as a shape in CorelDraw. Select Text  Insert Character and drag a letter or symbol onto your page. You can change the line or fill colour as with any other shape. Good symbols can be found in the following fonts: Symbol Webdings Wingdings There may be others, depending on what fonts Wingdings 2 are installed on your computer. Wingdings 3 Make the following playing cards using symbols for the letter or number and suit: Draw the cards separately; when finished, overlap them. Make a rounded rectangle for the card. Make sure you fill it with white. The suit symbols are in the “symbol” font. Group each card together when done.
  • 13. rock_siraj@ymail.com Applying an Envelope to Artistic Text: Create artistic text by selecting the text tool and then simply clicking on your page and typing something. Don’t drag a box, as that creates “paragraph text”. To change the shape of the text, select Effects  Envelope. With the text selected, click “Add New” in the Envelope docker. Now drag the handles around your text and see what happens! Create a bowtie. Use a bold font like Arial Black and a large font size (36 or more). Apply the envelope as above, drag each corner out and push the edges in a bit. Using an existing shape as an envelope: Create artistic text as above. Near the text, draw a shape or get a symbol from a font. Select the text and select Effects  Envelope. Click on the eyedropper tool ( ), then select your shape, then click Apply. The shape will be used as an envelope for your text. Experiment with the options (Putty, Vertical, Original, Horizontal). Any shape can be used as an envelope, but some work better than others. Try these: Type the text. Select Text  Insert Character. Choose the symbol font and drag in the symbol. Click on the text, select Effects  Envelope, click the eyedropper, click on the shape then click Apply.
  • 14. rock_siraj@ymail.com Fitting Text to a Path: Create a shape (e.g. circle). Create some text. With the text highlighted, select Text  Fit Text to Path Click on the shape. You can change the way the text fits by using the Pick tool and selecting the text fitted to a path. The property bar will give you the following options: Blending Objects: You can morph one clipart object into another using the Blend tool. Insert a caterpillar from Insects  Crawling  MONARCHC.cdr Insert a butterfly from Insects  Flying  Butterf9.cdr Using the Pick tool, highlight both, then select Effects  Blend I used 8 steps in this example.
  • 15. rock_siraj@ymail.com Assignment:  Add Building assignment  Add Keyboard assignment Make the following graphics using the rotation tools: Draw one square and move the center or rotation below it (to where the center of the graphic will be): For 12 rectangles the angle will be 360/12 = 30. Create one rectangle and move the center of rotation as shown before duplicating: Draw a square and rotate it 45 to get a diamond. Then move the center of rotation and duplicate.
  • 16. rock_siraj@ymail.com Group a circle and a rectangle (or Draw a black circle with a white circle thick line). on top. Group and duplicate as needed Move the center of rotation and to create the pattern. duplicate. Use Sports/Jogging/running & Sports/Water/swandive Set fill to "none" and border to black. Move the center of rotation. Rotate this image before duplicating Rotate by -20. Fill in the last one with black. Add the diving board. Using clipart from Fun_pepl, create a self-portrait. Example: teacher when students are playing games.
  • 17. rock_siraj@ymail.com Modify the clipart Animals/Pets/dog_fite to separate the dogs: Before After Hints: Ungroup, then select pieces and move them with the arrow keys. Count how many times you press the arrow key and repeat for other pieces. Combine the cliparts Flags/FlyFlag/flag037 and Flags/FlyFlag/flag040 to make: Mirror the American flag horizontally. Rotate 40. Combine parts of Police/burglar, Animals/pets/catfence and Home/Misc/misc0034: to make: Be sure to rotate the flashlight, and add extra boards to the fence. Create for following fit text to path effects:
  • 18. rock_siraj@ymail.com Turn a child into an adult using the Blend tool. The images are People/B&W/CHILDC.cdr and People/B&W/STANDING.cdr Final challenge: Draw the following optical illusions: Turn on the grid by selecting: View  Grid and Ruler Setup
  • 19. rock_siraj@ymail.com Set spacing to 0.25 inches (or Frequency to 4 per inch). Check off “Show Grid”, “Snap to Grid” and “Show grid as dots” Now click on “Guidelines” (in the left panel) and check off “Show Guidelines” and “Snap to Guidelines”. Draw one cube like this: (you will likely want to zoom in to about 400%) Start by drawing one surface. Use the “Bezier Tool” which looks like: and is under freehand tools. It allows you to draw closed shapes by clicking all the corners, then clicking the original point again. After drawing the shape, you can fill it. Repeat for the other surfaces. You must click all 4 corners of the surface and then click back on the original point to create a closed shape that can be filled. When finished, group the cube together. Now set up some guidelines by selecting: View  Guidelines Setup … Set a horizontal guideline at 1 inch. Add it. Under "Guides" (in the left panel), add two guides using "angle and 1 point". Set one at (1,1) and 60 and the other at (4,1) and -60 (remember, equilateral triangles have angles of 60). Copy and paste your cube, placing copies on the guidelines, spacing them evenly, and using the “To Back” and “To Front” buttons to correctly layer them. Drag the cubes by their centre to align them on the guides. More hints on next page  Other suggestions: Select all the cubes in 1 row (click the first one, then hold shift and click the others). Use Arrange  Align and Distribute  Align and Distribute to space them out evenly. OR put only the 3 corner cubes in place and use the blend tool to create the others. You will then have to "break apart" and "ungroup" the result. Last hint: you will need to ungroup one of the cubes to create the illusion!