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X Introduction to New Testament Prophecy

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How do prophecies about the return of Jesus Christ fit into the daily lives of Christians? Indeed, does interest in such notions simply distract us from our central mission: preaching the gospel and …

How do prophecies about the return of Jesus Christ fit into the daily lives of Christians? Indeed, does interest in such notions simply distract us from our central mission: preaching the gospel and making disciples? I would like to explore essential elements about prophecy that will suggest that looking for Christ's return belongs in the very center of our daily lives.

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    • 1. XII. PROPHECY AND THE CHURCH How do End-Times prophecies fit into the daily lives of Christians?
    • 2. XII. PROPHECY AND THE CHURCH You’ve tapped into the beginning of the second section of a three-part study of biblical End-Times prophecies. This second section focuses on End-Times prophecies found in the gospels and the epistles. This introductory slide show seeks to help us find the proper place for End-Times prophecy in the day-today life of here-and-now Christians.
    • 3. SlideShare’s hyperlinks won’t work until Slide #4–something to do with spam prevention, so . . . this is a filler designed to accommodate that necessity. Please click to the next slide to reach that point. See ya . . .
    • 4. Basic Information LICENSING: I grant a Creative Commons license made of the following elements: You may freely share and adapt this work provided you give me credit–(website info fine!), your efforts have no commercial application and you share extracted/ redacted work with others. God bless and have fun! VISIT: skOG Workshop Headquarters at www.lennyhoy.com for other items of interest. Prophecy Series 30 Presentation Set IMAGES: By Subscription: http:// www.instonebrewer.com/ bpg2009/frames.htm?members/ member_page.php By Permission: Creative Commons Licensing as noted Child in Photo: Now 28 and in the Navy. Like last section’s catin-sink: pretty darn cute! Table of Contents EMAIL: leonard.hoy@gmail.com
    • 5. CENTERED ON CHRIST 1. The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, 2. who testified to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw.” Rev 1:1 10. “Then I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and your brethren who hold the testimony of Jesus; worship God. For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.” Rev 19:10
    • 6. CENTERED ON CHRIST 1. The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, 2. who testified to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw.” Rev 1:1 “10. Then I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and your brethren who hold the testimony of Jesus; worship God. For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.” Rev 19:10
    • 7. BASIC AND ESSENTIAL 1. “Therefore leaving the elementary teaching about the Christ, let us press on to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God, 2. of instruction about washings and laying on of hands, and the resurrection of the dead and eternal judgment” Hebrews 6:1-2 12. Now if Christ is preached, that He has been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13. But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised; 14. and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain.” I Corinthians 15:12-14
    • 8. BASIC AND ESSENTIAL 1. “Therefore leaving the elementary teaching about the Christ, let us press on to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God, 2.  of instruction about washings and laying on of hands, and the resurrection of the dead and eternal judgment” Hebrews 6:1-2 12. Now if Christ is preached, that He has been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13. But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised, 14.  and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain.” I Corinthians 15:12-14
    • 9. ENDORSED READING 23. “But tak e heed; beh old, I have told you eve rything in a dvance.” Mark 13:23 ‘Be on y to all, you I sa I say to “What 37. rk 13: 37 !’” Ma he alert t
    • 10. ESPECIALLY BLESSED READING 1. The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, 2. who testified to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw. 3. Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and heeds the things which are written in it; for the time is near.” Revelation 1: 1-3 7. “And behold, I am coming quickly. Blessed is he who heeds the words of the prophecy of this book.” Revelation 22:20
    • 11. TIMELY READING 32. “Now learn the parable from the fig tree: when its branch has already become tender and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near. 33. So, you too, when you see all these things, recognize that He is near, right at the door.” Matthew 24: 32+33
    • 12. TIMELY READING 32. “Now learn the parable from the fig tree: when its branch has already become tender and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near; 33. so, you too, when you see all these things, recognize that He is near, right at the door.” Matthew 24: 32+33
    • 13. Significance of Israel’s Return Fulfills OT prophecy Starts the End-Times clock ticking Gives urgency to the Big Question . . . . . http://notesofanidealist.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/wailing_wall.jpg
    • 14. semen r Hor Fou Ma rk o f th eB eas t
    • 15. G IrN orsemen R H Uou ?? F D ? I on: ti S ues M IME ig Q A T B E ER ND H W E E H T Ma r k of the Bea st
    • 16. When w e study we bec Christ’ ome tig s return htrope , walker s....
    • 17. You can fall off in either of two directions
    • 18. You can fall off in either of two directions te Setting Da Mind less Fear
    • 19. Hey-won’t it all pan-out in the end! You can fall off in either of two directions te Setting Da Mind less Fear
    • 20. This is waaaay too complicated! You can fall off in either of two directions te Setting Da Mind less Fear
    • 21. Y O U C H R I S T I A N TWO WORDS SERVE AS BALANCING COUNTERWEIGHTS
    • 22. These Two Pithy Words Generate Two Essential Questions 1. How do we determine who prophetic passages talk to when they use “YOU”? Are any of them Christians? C H R I S T I A N 2. How do we determine who prophetic Y passages talk about when they describe O U 70th Week? people in the Are any of them Christians?
    • 23. QUESTION #1: Who’s “you” in the NT prophecy ?? NS IA S? ST ER RI EV H LI C BE ISH SEEKERS? W JE THE LEFT BEHIN D?? NON C HRIST IANS
    • 24. THERE ARE AT LEAST TWO APPROACHES TO FIGURING WHO “YOU” IS IN NT PROPHECY: This is waaaay too complicated! Can’t you just tell me what to think?
    • 25. APPROACH #1 FIND, APPLY AND DISCOVER 1.Find the basic rules for finding “YOU” as a form of address anywhere else in the NT. 2.Apply these basic rules to End-Times passages wherever you find the word “YOU” used as a form of address 3.Discover to whom the Bible addresses its teachings about the Seventieth Week
    • 26. BUT THERE EXISTS A SECOND APPROACH TO DEFINING WHO “YOU” IS IN PROPHETIC PASSAGES:
    • 27. APPROACH #2 ASSUME, APPLY AND TELL 1. Assume you KNOW already whether Christians are in the 70th Week or not. 2.Apply this assumption to End-Times passages using ‘you’ as a form of address. 3.Tell the Bible to whom it speaks in its End-Times passages.
    • 28. Here! Rules CH #1 PROA AP etation interpr les of c NT r u Basi lusions m conc to for lead us ching. es tea nd-Tim about E Guess which approach I like.
    • 29. Here! Rules CH #1 PROA AP etation interpr les of c NT r u ou sions asi B loni l n onc usc morm c fotr f c uad o s o adle s t u u hing. holeld s es teac end tim about guess which approach I like
    • 30. Hmmm... I wonder if readers know what’s at stake with this ‘you’ stuff? Believe it or not, how you define this one word determines the relevance and urgency you’ll give to your study of prophecy
    • 31. In prophecy, the Bible regularly uses “YOU” to give someone warnings, instructions and descriptions about the 70th Week. IF the Bible directs these End-Times passages to all Christians (including YOU), the Bible implies that Christians will go through this period. Christians therefore need to heed the various warnings, instructions, descriptions and cautions. IF,on the other hand, the Bible directs its End-Times statements to non-Christian groups instead, then the Bible implies Christians have left the planet for Heaven. Christians therefore need not concern themselves with potential involvement in the tribulation’s struggles.
    • 32. An Example of General NT Interpretation Of ‘You’: Great Commission 18. “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, 20. teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” To whom does Jes us give these instr uctions? Just his im hearers? Just Firs mediate t Century Christia ns? ALL Christian s? Rules we use here to interpret ‘you’ ( implied before the vs. 19) should dire word “Go” in ct our interpretatio ns of similar comm prophetic passage ands in s, too!
    • 33. Posit: The Great Commission of Matthew 28: Meant For All Christians Because It’s . . . 1. A natural command for all Christians 2. Duplicated elsewhere Mark 16:15 3. Not yet fulfilled-still active!! 4. Predicted to be fulfilled (Rev 7:9-17 5. Acted on in NT by other than the 11 apostles 6. Jesus tells us all that we’re meant to listen to Him Matthew 7:24, Luke 6:47, especially Mk 13:37.
    • 34. Here’s a clue to Jesus’ audience awareness when discussing End-Times material. Jesus ends His Olivet Discourse this way: “What I say to you, I say to all: Be on the alert!” Mark 13:37 The 3-4 disciples present for Jesus End-Times teachings on the Mount of Olives Hmmm . . . maybe Jesus only means the other 8-9 disciples who weren’t there? I’m off the hook!?!
    • 35. Here’s what I consider a clincher regarding to whom Jesus gives commands and teachings: Jesus prays over the disciples in John 17:13-21: “I do not ask on behalf of these alone, but for those also who believe in Me through their word. Jesus has us all in mind when He teaches or gives commands!! The disciples present with Jesus at the Last Supper
    • 36. If ‘you” generally addresses all Christians in the NT, I still have to be careful about applying it to me! If “you” refers to Christians , there are still choices . . . Christians in general, me included! Only some Christians (backsliders? the gifted? etc)but does this passage contain a lesson for me? Specific individual Christian in the past-like the person Paul commends to Phoebe in Romans 16:1 Some Christian-like group in the TribulationYeah, I can work with this one! Poor Saints that got left behind, you know!
    • 37. OOHHhhhh . . . I was really hoping I didn’t have to think this much. You can fall off in either of two directions te Setting Da Mind less Fear
    • 38. Now for the second word! Y O U C H R I S T I A N TWO WORDS SERVE AS BALANCING COUNTERWEIGHTS
    • 39. QUESTION #2: ARE THERE ACTUAL CHRISTIANS IN THE TRIBULATION/70TH WEEK? A Field Guide for Bible Students HELPFUL QUES TION: How do we know when the NT Christian, a Bodydescribes a of-Christ Christian anywhere else in it s narratives? General rules dire cting how we decid e this question sho decisions in proph uld direct our etic passages, too!
    • 40. WE IDENTIFY CHRISTIANS BY VARIOUS EXCLUSIVE NAMES Brothers (300) , bondservants of Christ, fellow believers Christians, saints and witnesses, the elect Little children and sons and members of the household of God/faith Bride and Body of Christ, the Church A church, a convert AN NAMES LY CHRISTI EXCLUSIVE
    • 41. WE IDENTIFY CHRISTIANS BY VARIOUS EXCLUSIVE BEHAVIORS Obey God’ commands Have a hunger for righteousness Praise God in Jesus Christ Testify to the grace of Jesus Christ Endure persecution for Christ’s sake Y CHRI SIVEL EXCLU VIORS BEHA STIAN
    • 42. WE IDENTIFY CHRISTIANS BY VARIOUS EXCLUSIVE ATTRIBUTES Born again by the blood of Jesus Christ ( I Peter 1:23 ) Sealed by the Holy Spirit ( 2 Cor 1:21, Eph 4:20 ) Indwelt by the Holy Spirit ( 2 Tim 1:14 ) Granted eternal life ( I John 5:11 ) EXCLUSIVELY CHRIS TIAN DISTINCTIVES
    • 43. AN EXAMPLE OF GENERAL NT CHRISTIAN SPOTTING 4. I thank my God always, making mention of you in my prayers, 5. because I hear of your love and of the faith which you have toward the Lord Jesus and toward all the saints; 6. and I pray that the fellowship of your faith may become effective through the knowledge of every good thing which is in you for Christ’s sake. 7. For I have come to have much joy and comfort in your love, because the hearts of the saints have been refreshed through you, brother. (Philemon 1: 4-7) t Christian? question (Philemon) a Body-of-Chris Is the ‘you’ in al status? T used, but can you identify his spiritu That label is NO
    • 44. Please consider this statement for truth and usefulness: The lists of exclusively Christian names, behaviors and distinctives all reference and connect to one another.
    • 45. Please consider this statement for truth and usefulness: Encounter one exclusively Christian descriptor for a man and the whole list of Christian names, behaviors and distinctives applies to him, as well .
    • 46. Paul calls Philemon his ‘brother” and salutes his faith in Jesus Christ All ‘brothers’ in the NT are saints, are elect. People called ‘elect’ are all born again. If one is born again, one is indwelt by the Holy Spirit, one is a Christian who’s sealed by the Holy Spirit, If one is sealed by the Holy Spirit, one is part of the Bride and Body of Christ.
    • 47. So . . . .
    • 48. We embrace Philemon easily and naturally as fully Christian simply because Paul calls him ‘brother’ and credits him with faith in Jesus Christ. What spiritual status do we see declared in this description of the Tribulation Saints: “These are the ones who come out of the great tribulation, and they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.” Rev 7:4
    • 49. What spiritual status do we see declared in this description of the Tribulation Saints: “So the dragon was enraged with the woman and went off to make war with the rest of her children, who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus.” Rev 12:17
    • 50. We’ve Dealt With Two Essential Questions 1. How do we determine who prophetic passages talk to when they use “YOU”? Are any of them Christians? 2. How do we determine who prophetic passages talk about when they describe people in the 70th Week? Are any of them Christians?
    • 51. 1. ‘You’ in the NT usually means you, oh, believer. 2. All the New Testament speaks to and about Christians . . . Even prophecy.
    • 52. NEXT: XIII: THE ASCENSION: in which we consider how day to day life fits in with an interest in the hereafter.
    • 53. NEXT: XIII: THE ASCENSION: in which we consider how day to day life fits in with an interest in the hereafter. Search th e Table of C ontents for Other Offerings In This Serie s