Aims to protect and drive continuous improvement in water quality and aquatic environments
Land activities Pollution of water & cumulative effects to be considered where pollutants are released Removal of contaminated water to an artificial wetland may be required so that nutrients can be removed
Definitions Surface water: fresh water that is visible above ground Groundwater: water that exists in the pore spaces and fractures in rock and sediment beneath the Earth's surface Mixing zone: an area of water where pollutants from a point source discharge are mixed with cleaner water.
Releasing pollutants into surface water& groundwater Considerations: Effects on flora / fauna Recreational impact Impact on water quality objectives for areas outside mixing zone Cumulative effects
Responsibilities Discharges of pollution should not: Cause the loss of sea grass or other native aquatic vegetationor animals Cause an increase in non-native species or algae Make the water harmful or offensive Increase turbidity
The competent authority may consider whether a polluter needs to monitor their emissions
Impact monitoring Looking at the impacts of water pollution on humans, nature, businesses and the economy etc. Required for: Large scale activities Hazardous activities To assess future disposal strategies Where there is concern