Directors cut


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سيڪڙاٽ ڊائريڪٽ کان پروفيشنل ڊائريڪٽر تائي جو سفر، سالوُوڊ پروڊڪشن سان گڏ
Director Cut

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Directors cut

  2. 2. Telling Your Story With Video
  3. 3. You’re Part of the Crew! Producer – oversees project, guides idea, works with director Director - guides actual production (really calls the shots!) Assistant Producer/Assistant Director- finds resources, gets copyright okays, sets schedules, sets up interviews, locations Talent - on-camera host, anchor, or actor delivers lines, acts in character, follows director’s cues
  4. 4. Roles in Production Camera person (videographer)– Runs the camera, tells story visually as guided by director Sound person (Audio Engineer) – Records and manages sound, chooses music, sound effects Scriptwriter – writes scripts & storyboards Graphics Designer- Creates text, still images, and animations for onscreen and web use. Website Designer- Many programs have websites or are delivered as part of a website. This person creates the site
  5. 5. Safety First! Use a tripod and make sure it is stable Make sure camera is tight on tripod Watch out for cables Don’t point camera at bright light like the sun for long periods Don’t try and force tape, data cards or sticks, cables, or attachments into place
  6. 6. Diagram of a Typical Camcorder Inset Detail Auto Zoom W Wide Control T Telephoto Switch Power/ Record Controls Battery CompartmentMicrophone Playback ControlsLens Assembly Viewfinder (LCD Screen) Auto/Manual Focus Controls
  7. 7. Diagram of a Typical Camcorder Close up of Controls (location of these will vary from camera to camera) Viewfinder Audio Video Port Record Button Mode Control Camera/PlayMenu Access
  8. 8. Production Scenes are rehearsed, performed by talent, and taped Supporting video (B-roll) is also shot to “cover” audio (the sound) and natural audio is captured Video/audio clips are logged and labeled
  9. 9. The First Rule of Video Production No matter how good your equipment, editing, and graphics… Garbage In! Garbage Out!It takes high quality audio/video to make a good production!
  10. 10. Telling Your Story With Shots
  11. 11. Basic Shot TypesClose-up (CU) Medium Shot (Med) Wide Shot (WS)
  12. 12. Shot Purposes Close-up/Extreme CU shots- “tell” what characters look like, show emotions, point out details Medium shots- create comfortable “talking” distance Wide Shots- Show setting or action. Point of View (POV) shot lets viewer “see” through a character’s eyes
  13. 13. How To Frame A Shot (Subject Facing Camera) Headroom Subject can be centered
  14. 14. How to Frame A Shot (Subject looking to one side) Headroom Give lead or “ talking” room
  15. 15. How to Frame A Shot Using the Rule of Thirds 1 2 3 1 2 3Place most interesting part of subject where lines cross. Notice bodyand eyes lie along these lines instead of picture’s center.
  16. 16. ZOOMING! Zoom – Zooming in or out can be used to “guide” viewer through a scene but should not be overused to avoid audience “seasickness”
  17. 17. Using Angles Bird’sEye (High angle) shots make characters or objects look small or weak Worm’s Eye (low angle) shots make characters look big or strong
  18. 18. Camera Tips Use a tripod Place camera so greatest light is at camera person’s back Use focus and white balance controls Practice camera moves (blocking shots) Frame shots and moves with purpose
  19. 19. Camera Tips (continued) Vary shots Don’t overuse zoom Be sure to lay down pre and post-roll Correct roll-back (only on tape cameras)
  20. 20. Don’t do This! The “witness Protection” shot When shooting don’t place your subject in front of a strong light like a window, lamp, mirror, etc.
  21. 21. Common Video Mistakes….. Too much headroom - bad framing Subject in front of bright backlight Shaky camera - no tripod No shot variety- wide shot lack of planning - no script lack of pre and post roll
  22. 22. Audio Track Parts Talking Sound effects Music Natural sound
  23. 23. Audio Tips Use headphones to listen to sound quality Choose microphones based on project needs Place microphone right distance from source When using built-in microphone move closer and zoom out Listen for and control distracting background noise
  24. 24. Common Audio Mistakes….. using only cam mike mike too far from sound source not monitoring (listening to) audio
  25. 25. On-Air Tips for Talent Make sure ahead of time that you can read and properly pronounce words (especially people’s names) Wait for your cue before speaking Smile! (when it feels right)
  26. 26. On-Air Tips for Talent When addressing audience, look into camera when speaking as much as possible. Hold objects you are speaking about close to face when possible so it is easy to frame shot (spokesmodel pose) Speak clearly, projecting your voice toward the microphone
  27. 27. Interview Tips Write a focus sentence Research the subject Target your audience correctly Prepare a complete list of questions Describe the purpose to the subject before the interview
  28. 28. Interview Tips Don’t interview the subject without the camera before the actual interview LISTEN Ask good follow-up questions Be polite and professional
  29. 29. Interview No-No’s Yes and no questions “I see” and “Uh-huh” Two-part questions Obvious questions Questions in poor taste Questions that have already been answered
  30. 30. You may use this PowerPoint in whole or in part but please cite KET as the source!