FILMMAKING OR CINEMA
Is an important medium to spread information and to provide
It is a joint venture of different artistic and technical
Films are also produced to help promote international
understanding among the peoples of the world.
Cinema of the Philippines
THE BEGINNINGS OF FILM
Film depends on a phenomenon called persistence of
Motion Picture is a series of photographs of a moving
subject taken in a very short time apart (24 frames per
second) and flashed onto a screen.
The Lumiere Brothers, two Frenchmen, succeeded in
building a workable film projector in 1895.
The Camera came by the late 1920s
The Three most important people in making a
film or motion picture are the following:
Silent or talking films, black and white or
colored, in the commercial mainstream or
features, documentary, animal, experimental, and
other film types are the kinds of Philippine films.
The film has surpassed all other art forms
ELEMENTS OF PHILIPPINE CINEMA
Acting and the Stars
Music and Musical Director
Set and Art Directors
Color in the Movies
Make-up, Hairdo and Costumes
Sounds, Cameras, and Techniques
THE FIRST GOLDEN AGE
Two films on the life of Dr. Jose Rizal, the national hero, were the first
films produced in the Philippines. Moviegoers became acquainted with
the foreign movies. Gifted filmmakers with their own style made
significant films by the 1930s and the 1940s.
AGE OF THE PHILIPPINE CINEMA
Gifted filmmakers were the following:
Joaquin Pardo de Tavera
THE SECOND GOLDEN AGE
The Philippine movie industry was halted by World War II. After the
war, the Second Golden Age of Filipino films occurred (1950s-1960).
The films focused on the richness of Filipino culture, traditions, and
values. Outstanding Filipino directors of the period were Gerardo de
Leon, Lamberto Avellana, Manuel Conde, Gregorio Frenandez, and
Chat Gallardo. Quality films were honored in the Maria Clara and
THE THIRD GOLDEN AGE
The rise of social consciousness and the awareness of and involvement
in the nationalist struggle was the focus of the Third Golden Age.
Filmmakers took formal studies which emphasized film as an art form.
Film of social consciousness and the nationalist struggle were made by
Eddie Romero, Lino Brocka, Ishmael Bernal, Celso Ad Castillo, Marilou
Diaz-Abaya, Laurice Guillen, Mike de Leon, and Peque Gallaga. The
URIAN Awards emerged.
A strong sense of irony, improved technical aspects in filmmaking, and
the emergence of new talents and movies craftsmen characterized the
Third Golden Age of Filipino Films.