Xeriscaping and Its Application to the Home Gardner: Prairie and Parkland Plants, Canada
XERISCAPING AND ITS APPLICATION TO THE HOME GARDNER By Brian Haniford Prairie & Parkland PlantsXeriscaping is a method of Gardening or Landscaping wherein the design and use of Plants take less water than a conventional designand plants. The goals that Xeriscaping strives to meet are: (1) Radical Water Conservation and (2) Preservation of Beauty in theLandscape.There are seven principles of Xeriscaping, they are:1. Refine the design. The South and West exposed gardens that are on the sunnyside of buildings, fences, hedges or other wall typestructures are the locations that Xeriscaping will be most effective due to the higher temperatures and intense sunlight. Design theseareas to utilize those plants tolerant to these conditions.2. Limit Turf Areas. Grasses are the highest users of water. Without large quantities and frequent watering, grasses will not flourish.Cut back the grasses in those areas that should be Xeriscaped.3. Select low-water-usage plants. This is your challenge to select those plants that will have high drought tolerance in addition tobeing hardy for your Zone. There are many Native plants that fit the requirements. You may choose from Shrubs, Trees or Annual andPerennial Flowers. Those plants that have Grey or Silver Leaves are very suitable. For variety, Spring Bulbs may be suitable as theyemerge, flower and wither while the temperature and sunlight have not maximized.4. Irrigate efficiently. The watering of your Xeriscaped area doesnt follow the same schedule and quantities as your lawn, flowerbeds or garden. The best system of watering in this area is drip or trickle. The plants themselves do not require & will not benefit fromtheir foliage being dampened. Water only when necessary and make sure to water deeply to encourage the roots to go downward insearch of water. Dont be over anxious to water your Xeriscape plants.5. Use Mulch. More and more this method of moisture and weed control is being adapted to gardening. In your Xeriscaping the use ofmulch is one of the best methods to keep the soil moist and cool. Materials for mulch are varied therefore your choice will dependupon the plant needs and your esthetical requirements. Some of the materials you can use are: Newspaper, Grass Clippings, WoodChips, Saw Dust, Plastic Sheeting, Landscape Fabric, Rock or Compost.
6. Amend the Soil. The better condition the soil is in, the more efficiently the plants will be able to make use of the water andnutrients. Work in plenty of organic matter. Compost, leaves, grass clippings, peat moss, manure or vegetable cuttings from thekitchen all will be beneficial. This amendment of the soil also aids in the retention of the moisture.7. Dont ignore maintenance. Although the plants that you use are hardy and require less water, the weeds that have adapted to thesame conditions will flourish. Keep up on the weeding to reduce the competition for water, also the appearance of your XeriscapeGarden is one of the pleasures that you are striving to achieve.Now that you have some of the basics of Xeriscaping, the actual act is up to you. There are not specific designs or plants that I couldpoint you to, but there are several books and magazines that include this as a topic. You can do your research and when you havemade a design and plant selection list, then your local nursery or garden centre can be approached as to their supply.A lot of the Xeriscape plants are slow growing. If instant gratification is your goal, then you must be prepared to put out the extracosts of larger plants. There are several smaller plants that are suitable for Xeriscaping, consider them along with larger plants such asshrubs. Xeriscape plants could be planted with the smaller ground hugging and covering ones in front with the taller towards the back.If you choose to do a Xeriscape garden, I would be pleased to discuss with you your plans.Brian HanifordPrairie & Parkland PlantsBox 68, Torrington, Alta, ToM 2B0403 firstname.lastname@example.org NO. SPECIE TYPE PLANT AVAILABLE SCIENTIFIC COMMON COMMON NAME 2 COMMON NAME NAME 1 NAME 3 1 GRASS S, P S+P 2001+ Stipa curtiseta Western Porcupine 2 GRASS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Stipa richardsonii Richardsons Needle
3 GRASS S 2001+ Stipa viridula Green Needle4 FORBS S, P S+P 2001+ Achillea millefolium Common Yarrow5 FORBS (D) S, P S+P 2001+ Aquilegia jonesii Blue Columbine6 FORBS S, P S+P 2001+ Aster conspicuus Showy Aster7 FORBS S S+P 2001+ Castilleja minata Red Indian Paintbrush8 FORBS S, P S+P 2001+ Dodecatheon pulchellum Shooting Star9 FORBS S, P S+P 2001+ Fragaria virginiana Wild Strawberry10 FORBS S, P S+P 2001+ Gaillardia aristata Brown Eyed Susan Blanket- flower11 FORBS S, P S+P 2001+ Geum triflorum Old Mans Whiskers Prairie Smoke12 FORBS S 2001+ Helianthus lenticularis Showy Sunflower13 FORBS S, P S+P 2001+ Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamont Bee Balm Torch Flower14 FORBS S, P S+P 2001+ Opuntia polyacabtha Plains Prickly Pear Cactus15 FORBS S 2001 Oxytropis monticola (gracillis) Late Yellow Locoweed +16 FORBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Rumex occidentalis Western Dock17 FORBS S, P S2001+ P2001+ Sisyrinchium montanum Blue-eyed Grass18 FORBS S S2001+ Smilacina stellata Star-Flowered False Solomons Seal19 FORBS S S2001+ Solidago canadensis Canada Goldenrod20 FORBS S S2001+ Solidago decumbens Mountain Goldenrod21 FORBS S S2001+ Solidago missouriensis Missouri Goldenrod22 FORBS S S2001+ Solidago rigida Stiff Goldenrod23 FORBS S S2001+ Thermopsis rhombifolia Golden Bean Buffalo Bean24 FORBS S S2001+ Vicia americana Wild Vetch25 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Acer glabrum var. douglasii Rocky Mountain Maple Douglas Maple26 SHRUBS S, S2001+ Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon Serviceberry27 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick Bearberry28 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2000+ Cornus stolonifera Red Osier Dogwood
29 SHRUBS (D) S, P S2001+, P2001+ Crataegus rotundifolia (1) Red Hawthorn30 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Eleagnus commutata Silverberry Wolfwillow31 SHRUBS S S2001+ Juniperus communis Ground Juniper Low Juniper32 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Juniperus horizontalis Creeping Juniper33 SHRUBS Junoperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain Juniper34 SHRUBS (D) Philadelphus lewisii Mock Orange35 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Prunus virginiana Western Chokecherry36 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Ribes oxyacanthoides Wild Gooseberry37 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Rosa acicularis Prickly Rose38 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Rosa arkansana (woodsii) Prairie Rose39 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Rubus strigosus Wild Red Raspberry40 SHRUBS P 2001+ Salix discolor Pussy Willow41 SHRUBS P 2001+ Salix exigua (interior) Sandbar Willow42 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Sambucus racemosa Elderberry43 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Shepherdia argentea Silver Thorny Buffaloberry44 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Shepherdia canadensis Canada Buffaloberry Soopolallie Soapberry45 SHRUBS (D) S, P S2001+, P2001+ Sorbus scopulina Western Mountain Ash (Orange)46 SHRUBS (D) S, P S2001+, P2001+ Sorbus sitchensis Sitka Mountain Ash (Red)47 SHRUBS S, P S2001+, P2001+ Symphoricarpos occidentalis Buckbrush Wolfberry Western Snowberry48 TREES Pinus flexis Limber Pine49 TREES S, P S2001+, P2001+ Populus balsamfera Balsam Poplar Black Cottonwood50 TREES Populus tremiloides Aspen Poplar Trembling Aspen (D) DOMESTIC SPECIES (1) also: columbina & chryoscarpa (2) also: Andropogon scoparius