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Deer Resistant DroughtPerennials* Tolerant What is Perennials Xeriscaping?• Foxglove Xeriscaping means water• Lily • Blanket flower wise or water efficient• Daffodil • Blazing Star landscaping. Xeriscaping The term is derived• Blue sage • Cone flower from the Greek word• Russian sage • Daylily xeros, which means dry. It involves choosing• Artemisia • Evening primrose plants appropriate• Edible sage • Goldenrod to the growing conditions and creating• Catmint • Phlox a landscape that can be• Brunnera • Iris Drought Tolerant maintained with little Amur maple or no supplementary• Monkshood • Hens & Chicks Trees & Shrubs watering. Tips on Xeriscaping• Coreopsis • Ornamental onion • Bur Oak Why Xeriscape?• Frittalaria • Rudbeckia • Amur Maple • Oriental poppy With growing demands• Bugle weed • Aspen on water supply, it is • Sea holly everyone’s • Japanese tree lilac • Liatris responsibility to • Pine rethink appropriate • Stonecrop use. • Ohio buckeye • Solomon’s seal • Lilac As over 50% of • Lupine summer residential • Mock orange water is utilized on • Mother-of-thyme • Spirea lawns and gardens, • Yucca xeriscaping can play • Cherry prinsepia a significant role in • Sedum • Golden flowering currant reducing water • Penstemon consumption. • Juniper • Potentilla The appropriateDrought Tolerant placement of plantsOrnamental • Nanking cherry can also reduceGrasses • Saskatoon berry energy costs in heating and cooling • Dwarf Barberry your home.• Blue fescue • Dogwood (dry shade)• Blue oat grass • Snowberry (dry shade)• Feather reed grass • Hops Horticulture • Virginia creeper Hotline: Enjoy your 403-938-8031 beautiful new landscape designed to be *Deer resistant & other plantsFeather reed grass environmentally friendly, may be poisonous attractive and low maintenance! www.okotoks.ca www.okotoks.ca
Xeriscaping ~ What You Can Do Top Soil Mulch Water Note that even drought tolerant plants will need Preparing the soil in Mulch is created naturally Not all plants need the sufficient watering until advance will help plants by leaves dropping and same amount of water. If they get established. Small get established and plants dying. Try to leave only a few plants require plants may establish in a provide good nutrients as naturally occurring mulch water, hand watering may year of two but large the landscape matures. You on the soil or use other b e a n e f fe c t i v e m e a n s . nursery grown trees may want to have 12 inches of mulches like leaves, grass need three to five years to Root zone irrigation topsoil. clippings, straw or decom- properly establish systems on or under the soil posed bark mulch. themselves. are often the most efficient. Adding screened loam Water is released at slower and incorporating organic Mulch moderates soil rates encouraging the water Maintenance matter will improve water temperature, holds and roots to go deeper intoTips on Xeriscaping penetration and reten- moisture, slows erosion Realize that xeriscape gar- the soil. This helps plants dening will require some tion in any type of soil. and suppresses weeds that withstand dry periods as Rich, loose, water holding would compete with your m a i n te n a n ce. We e d i n g, the roots are down where pruning, deadheading soil will encourage good plants for food and water. evaporation rates are slower. root development and Apply about 3 - 4 inches of and some watering will Root zone systems also have be necessary. The purpose lessen the plant’s need for mulch at the initial plant- fewer losses to wind and supplemental water. ing and replenish annually of xeriscaping is primar- evaporation. If watering ily to conserve water and or as needed. Be careful above the soil, use sprinklers Vegetation not to cover the base of that distribute large droplets once plants are estab- Selection the trunk on trees and lished they may require low to the ground. Manually little or no maintenance. shrubs to avoid decay and watering with soaker hoses Selecting plants that thrive rodent problems. To minimize turf watering or a slow trickle from the end in our area during dry and fertilizing, leave turf of the hose is also effective. periods will give you the best results. This often Turf Areas Av o i d w a t e r i n g d u r i n g grasses a minimum of 3 inches in height and leave includes native plants but You should determine how hot dry windy periods of the clippings to help con- Planning can include non-native much lawn should be part the day and water in the serve moisture and provide species. of your initial design plan, morning or evening when nutrients back to the soil. Work with your space (topography, sun temperatures are cooler. exposure and soil). Group drought tolerant Drought tolerant plants taking into consideration what you plan to use your In the design phase, plants in areas with full day sun; give less can be aggressive so be Water based on the needs select plants that will not tolerant plants some partial shade and keep careful about invasive lawn for. of the plants and follow the out grow their space. This the more delicate or demanding plants tendencies which can Assess the amounts of sun, Town of Okotoks watering will minimize excessive for a spot near your water source or an create maintenance moisture and traffic to schedule. Water infrequently pruning and unneces- area that may be wetter due to run-off and problems or threaten determine the appropriate at a slow rate to encour- sar y maintenance which topography. native ecosystems. grass mix. age deeply rooted plants. can be stressful to plants. 3. Vegetation Open Spaces Whether you are landscaping a brand new yard or wanting to 1. Planning 5. Turf Areas xeriscape an existing landscape, Selection 7. Maintenance there are seven key steps to 2. Top Soil 4. Mulch 6. Water consider: