Internet Filtering Cuba by Silvija Mijovic

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Internet Filtering Cuba by Silvija Mijovic

  1. 1. Internet FilteringCuba<br />
  2. 2. Internet access is strongly restricted in Cuba<br />Reasons: <br />The U.S. trade embargo<br />Government policy<br />Personal economic limitation<br />Decision for restricting internet in Cuba is brought by the U.S. government. <br />Introduction<br />
  3. 3. Cuba’s first full time connection to the internet was in October 1996.<br />In 1998 – 64 Kpbs satellite connection run by Sprint in Florida.<br />Population ofCuba in 1998 was 11 million – only scientist, medical researchers and government officials had access to the internet.<br />Internet in Cuba<br />
  4. 4. In 2000, 80 000 Cubans had email accounts. Half of those accounts had full internet access, others were restricted by the government.<br />Today, in Cuba there are 480 000 email accounts and 190 000 regular internet users. <br />In order to reach Internet public access, it costs USD 4.50 per hour.<br />International Internet Connection is low since the connection is very weak and slow. <br />Internet in Cuba<br />
  5. 5. Cuban’s main purpose to use the internet is to send emails.<br />The main purpose to use internet of Cuban Government is to promote country from aspect of tourism, political and medical reasons. <br />Internet in Cuba<br />
  6. 6. Government claimed internet access as “fundamental right” of every Cuban. <br />Since January 2000 until today, every access to the Internet must be approved by the Government and Cuban Ministry of Computer Technology and Communications.<br />Internet access is considered as the most significant government control in Cuba.<br />Legal and Regulatory Frameworks<br />
  7. 7. Access to the internet requires ID and registration.<br />Cuban Internet traffic pass – software use to identify dissent political information.<br />Many websites, emails are blocked due to ‘state security reasons’.<br />Internet violation penalties:<br />Twenty years in prisonbecause of ‘counter revolutionary’<br />Five years because of illegal connection<br />Legal and regulatory frameworks<br />
  8. 8. ‘Fear of state monitoring’ – email users sometimes hide some of their email messages.<br />Internet access in Cuba and its legal and regulatory frameworks leads to self – censorship.<br />Legal and regulatory frameworks<br />
  9. 9. There is insufficient number of resources in order to enable internet access for all Cuba citizens.<br />Higher prices of internet access due to U.S. trade embargo<br />Harsh penalties for internet violation<br />There is restriction and insufficient freedom of information and expression.<br />Summary <br />
  10. 10. Deibert, Palfrey and RafalRohozinski. Access Denied, The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering. London, England: The MIT Press, 2008. <br />References:<br />

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