INDEX 2ND STAGE1ST STAGEThe winter Old men eating soup
Francisco de Goya y Lucienteswas born in Fuendetodos(Zaragoza) in 1746 and studiedto become a painter. Aftera slow learning period in hishomeland, in the context of thelate Baroque stylistic anddevotional pictures, he Fuendetodostravelled to Italy in 1770, where (Zaragoza)he got in contactNeoclassicism .
From 1775 to 1792 he worked for the RoyalTapestry Factory, designing tapestrycartoons. His style was luminous andcolorist, with loose brush-strokes. Someexamples of these cartoons are Blind man´s bluff, The grape harvest, The Straw doll,The four seasons, The parasol. Thetapestries were made by threads of goldand silver.He worked for the court since 1775, The parasolpainting nine paintings for the decoration ofthe living room of the Asturias’s Princes-future Charles IV and Mary Louise ofParma- in the Escorial. The paintings thatbelong to this series were The hunt for thequail, Dogs in leash and Hunt with owl andnetwork. Blind man´s bluff
THE GRAPE HARVEST.Author: Francisco GoyaChronology: 1746-1828Commissioners: This painting wascommissioned by the royal family. This paintingwas destined to the dining room of the PardoPalace in Madrid.Present location: El Prado Museum, Madrid(Spain)Material: oil on canvasDimensions: 275cm x 190cmMovement: RococoDescription: Dressed in yellow clothes thatsymbolize autumn, a young man sitting on a THE GRAPE HARVESTstone offers a cluster of black grapes to a lady. Aboy is eager to reach the offered fruit, which is Rococo: This painting belongs to thisreserved for the adults. A woman stands next to movement because some of thethem, holding a grape basket on her head, much characteristics of this movement arelike the classical allegory of the goddess Ceres the luminosity of the painting and thewith fruit on her head. Some grape harvesters are painting of the nature. Also in thisbehind them, next to the grapevine that leads to a movement there was a predominancevalley crowned with the suggestion of mountains of the clear colours.in the background.
Some examples of this movement that this painter made were: Doña Isabel de Porcel Don Ignacio Garcini y Manolito Queralt Osorio
In 1792 he suffered from a seriousillness and became deaf. Thisdeafness completely changed hispersonality: he became withdrawnand his painting became morecritical and introspective and colourswere darker. Imagination, freedomand critic became central on hispainting. Some of the works hemade in this period were thefrescoes of the Church of SanAntonio de la Florida in Madrid,Charles IV of Spain and his family,Godoy as Prince of Peace. He alsostarted several series of aquatintedetchings: Fantasies and Bullfightingart. Charles IV and his family
Some portraits he painted of members of the nobility were: The family of Family of the Duke of Infant D. Luis Osasuna
The Peninsular War caused a greatimpression on Goya. He was aFrancophile, but he refused violence.He painted the The Third of May of1808 and The Charge of theMamelukes and a series of etchingscalled War disasters, a realisticchronicle of war craziness. War disastersThe Third of May
THE SECOND OF MAY 1808Author: Francisco de GoyaChronology: 1814Commissioners: the government becauseGoya sent a letter to the Regent and theyanswered him accepting to pay for thepainting. He painted this painting becausehe wanted to express because he was aFrancophile and he knew that the things wewill change and because he wanted torepresent the 2nd and the 3rd of May .Present location: El Prado Museum,Madrid (Spain)Material: oil on canvasDimensions: 268 cm × 347 cmMovement: RomanticismDescription: It’s a painting that represents the Meaning: Goya painted this paintinguprising of the 2th of May of 1808, because like he was a Francophile andafter which the Spanish Peninsular War started. On he knew that when the war finishedthe painting, the Spanish insurgents are attacking the things would change. He painted thisMamelukes, Egyptian mercenaries who fought with painting and another one about the 3rdthe French army. This revolt was bloodily suppressed of May.by the army of occupation.
When Ferdinand VII cameback Goya lost his job in thecourt and became completelyisolated. He retired to a houseon the banks of the riverManzanares, called Quinta delSordo. On the walls of thishouse he painted the DarkPaintings, where he reflectedmythological themes and Saturnwitches, like for instance devouringSaturn devouring his son, his sonFight with Cudgels, The dog orTwo old men eating soup. The Dog
Dark paintingsA Pilgrimage to San Isidro, Witches Sabbath Fight with Cudgels,
The last paintings he made werea new series of prints, calledFollies, where he reflected hisoutlook on humanity and his fearof insanity. Finally, he exiled inBordeaux (France), where hepainted his last painting: TheMilkmaid of Bordeaux. He died onthe 16th April of 1828 inBordeaux (France) The Milkmaid of Bordeaux.
He was the precursorof many styles likeRomanticism, Realism,Impressionism,Expressionism, warphotography.He influenced painterssuch as Daumier,Manet, Picasso andFrancis Bacon Three studies for Peter Bear’s portrait, Francis Bacon Rue Transnonain, Honoré Daumier
Bibliography Books: Social Sciences Book by: Cristina Blanco Carrasco and Paqui Pérez Fons. Websites: Wikipedia 19 April 2012. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francisco_de_Goya