The 1920 Olympic Games followed closely the ending ofWorld War I. The 1920 Summer Olympics, officially knownas the Games of the 7th Olympiad, were an internationalmulti-sport event in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium.
The 1916 Summer Olympics, to be held in Berlin, capitalof the German Empire, were canceled due to the war, so1920 Games were awarded to Antwerp to honor thepeople of that city after the suffering they enduredduring World War.
These Olympics were the first in which the Olympic Oath was voiced, thefirst in which doves were released to symbolize peace, and the first in whichthe Olympic flag was flown.The USA won 41 Gold, 27 Silver, and 27 Bronze medals, the most won byany of the 29 nations attending. Sweden, Great Britain, Finland and Belgiumrounded out the five most successful medal-winning nations.
The Games also featured a week of winter sports, with figureskating and ice hockey making their Olympic debut.Duke Hakanamoku retained the 100 m swimming title hewon before the war.
More than 2,500 athletes competed, a total of 29 nationsparticipated in the Antwerp Games, only one more than in 1912, asGermany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey weren’t invited,having lost World War I. From the newly created European states,only Estonia took part. Poland was busy with the Polish-Soviet Warand therefore was unable to form an Olympic team. Argentina,Finland, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Brazil, Monacocompeted as nations at the Olympic Games for the first time. NewZealand, which had competed as part of a combined team withAustralia in 1908 and 1912, competed on its own for the first time.
South America claimed their first gold medal in 1920 when GuilhermeParaense of Brazil won the rapid-fire pistol event, whilst Willie Lee and LloydSpooner of America celebrated four and five golds respectively.Elsewhere, American diver Aileen Riggin became the youngest gold medalwinner at just 14 years and 119 days.
Suzanne Lenglen (FRA-tennis), one of the greatest women tennisplayers of all time, won the Olympic title by losing only four games.Whe teamed up with Max Decugis to win another gold medal inmixed doubles and with Elisabeth d’Ayen to win a bronze in women’sdoubles.