Genre analysis


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Genre analysis

  1. 1. Genre Analysis
  2. 2. History of the Drama genre In the early years of cinema, melodrama held sway, as the transition from silent cinema's pantomime left film with a more presentational manner. In the 1950s, however, the arrival of stage actors like Marlon Brando, trained in more naturalistic techniques, slowly changed drama to a more realistic tenor From the silent era to the 1950s, Dramas were tools to teach the audience. Films would show the effects of the depression. 1950s, began a rise in well-known dramatic actors. Montgomery Clift, Glenn Ford, James Dean, Bette Davis, and Marilyn Monroe were notable dramatic actors. Dramatic Films focused on character relationships and development. Many other films focused on women, and their relationship with men
  3. 3. Drama & Subgenres A drama film is a film genre that depends mostly on in-depth development of realistic characters dealing with emotional themes. Dramatic themes such as alcoholism, drug addiction, infidelity, moral dilemmas, racial prejudice, religious intolerance, sexuality, poverty, class divisions, violence against women and corruption put the characters in conflict with themselves, others, society and even natural phenomena. Subgenres 1. Dramatic films include a very large spectrum of film genres. Because of the large number of drama films, these movies have been sub-categorized: 2. Crime drama and Legal drama – Character development based on themes involving criminals, law enforcement and the legal system. 3. Historical drama – Films that focus on dramatic events in history. 4. Comedy-drama: is in which there is an equal, or nearly equal balance of humour and serious content. 5. Melodrama: a sub-type of drama films that uses plots that appeal to the heightened emotions of the audience. Melodramatic plots often deal with crises of human emotion, failed romance or friendship, strained familial situations, tragedy, illness, neuroses, or emotional and physical hardship. 6. Romance: a sub-type of dramatic film which dwells on the elements of romantic love. 7. Tragedy: a drama in which a character's downfall is caused by a flaw in their character or by a major error in judgment.
  4. 4. Conventions • Most drama films exhibit real life situations with realistic characters setting and stories. Journeys of character developments are portrayed along with intense social interaction. The purpose of a dramatic story line is to move the audience. • Other conventions in drama films are: • Conflict • A climax • Intense Music • Extremely plot driven • Props: Knifes, Guns, Drugs, Alcohol, Mobile Phones • Characters are essential to Drama films as they help create tension and atmosphere to the film due to circumstances their facing. • Setting: Outdoors, Run down buildings/houses, Council flats, Houses and schools
  5. 5. Psychological thriller A subgenre of thriller with a heavy focus on the unstable emotions of the characters within a particular film. Psychological thrillers still incorporate the common elements of mystery and drama but with an emotional status, becoming the main focus within the genre. The mental state of the character is more important than the physical nature of the character in these thrillers and it is often the case that the character is battling with their own mind. The story can be told and is normally told in the form of a first person narrative of the character going over the events in the story or in essence, talking to themselves. This is a normal convention of a psychological movie. The most popular psychological thrillers include:
  6. 6. Conventions 1. Reality: Characters often try to determine what is true and what is not within the narrative 2. Perception: A person’s own interpretation of the world around themselves through there mind and sense 3. Mind: The human consciousness: the location for personality, thought, reason, memory, intelligence and emotion. The mind is used as a location usually for narrative conflict
  7. 7. Example: 1. One minute.40 second trailer 2. Psychological thriller heavily stimulates the viewer's moods making them feel anticipation, ultra-heightened expectation, uncertainty, surprise, anxiety or terror. 3. A suspenseful and gripping psychological thriller, Lynne Ramsay's We Need To Talk About Kevin explores the fractious relationship between a mother and son 4. Psychological thriller is a specific sub-genre of the broad ranged thriller with heavy focus on the unstable emotional states of characters, in combination with mystery and thriller. However, it often incorporates elements from the mystery and drama genre, along with the typical traits of the thriller genre. 5. The trailer begins with happy music, bright lighting, long shot and medium shots which include the mise-en-scene that convey how positive the atmosphere in the family is. Once the music changes to a sharp, fast tempo dark songs this immediately shows the audience that this is the twist in the film (equilibrium) from a good thing to bad. The shots changes to having more extreme close up shots( focus more on facial expressions), immediate transitions from one shot to another and the music speeds up. 6. Many trailers of the similar genre will have a build(reinforced by the shots becoming faster and music speeding up) which will then cut to a second black out and then a quick shot of a 'clue' which would leave the audience asking 'what happens next'/ 'what did the object or phrase mean?' 7. The audience are forced to ask important questions such as: - What happened to Kevin? - What happened to Kevin's mum? - What Changed? - How did it change? - What does Kevin do?