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The instrument is considered a clinician-rating scale as opposed to self-reported instrument. When assessing for the depression in children that takes a specific tool created specifically for that population and construct. All assessment instruments have a purpose and there are technical considerations an assessor must consider when using it. The assessor must be familiar with the tool, understand the purpose for which it is used, how reliable and valid it is, the way it is scored and items needed for assessment, whether the measure has generalizable results, and something about the population on which the instrument was normalized. The Children’s Depression Rating Scale, Revised (CDRS-R) is used to assess depression in children and adolescents ages 6-18 using 17 different areas of assessment. This paper will present a detailed overview of this instrument.