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Megin Show - Updated Version 2
 

Megin Show - Updated Version 2

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    Megin Show - Updated Version 2 Megin Show - Updated Version 2 Presentation Transcript

    • THE POLITICS OFAMERICAN EDUCATION
      Megin Holt
      Jon Rashid,
      Dan Young,
      Pat Murphy
      The Politics of American Education
    • What Forces Influence School Governance and Finance?
      Governance: The process of making financial and other decisions
      What do you think public schools should
      use more funds on, and why?
      Sex education?
      Violence in schools?
      Teen drug use?
      Making schools more energy efficient
      The Politics of American Education
    • What Forces Influence School Governance and Finance?
      Stakeholders in Education: Stakeholders are people and agencies with a particular interest in schools
      • Political Interest Groups
      • Business and Industry
      • Professional Organizations and Teachers
      • Parents, Students, and Community Groups
      The Politics of American Education
    • The three branches of government influence the governance and finance of education
      Executive
      Legislative
      Judicial
      Roles of the Federal Government in Education
      The U.S. Constitution
      Federal Legislation
      Influence of the Executive branch
      How is Education Governed?
      Legislative
      Judicial
      Executive
    • Board of Education
      Strengthens state leadership and policy making
      Promote excellence in education to all students
      Advocates equality of access to educational opportunity
      Ensures continued citizen support for public education
      State Standards Boards
      Responsible for the governance and regulation of professional practice
      Department of Education
      Implements policies that effect education in each state
      State Government
      The Politics of American Education
    • Intermediate Educational Units
      Designed to provide services that individual districts that might not be able to afford it on their own
      Promotes inter-district collaboration
      Council of Chief State School Officers
      Comprised of state commissioners and superintendents
      Provides a forum for interstate discussion and information exchange on educational advances and issues
      Intermediate Education Agencies
      The Politics of American Education
    • Local Educational Agencies
      School districts
      Local Boards of Education
      Group of people elected by people to make decisions for the school district
      Must stay within State DOE standards
      Superintendent
      Works closely with BOE
      Serves as the face of the school district
      Local Government
      The Politics of American Education
    • School Accountability
      Everyone from the boards of education, superintendents, principals, teachers to students is held accountable.
      No Child Left Behind
      • Schools and districts must meet state standards by 2014
      • Schools and districts issue school accountability report cards available to parents
      and the community
      Teacher Accountability
      • Teachers are accountable for student learning
      • Performance pay – bonuses or raises based
      on student achievement
      The Politics of American Education
    • Governance and Administrationof Schools
      Administration
      Management of school affairs, puts into place the policies set by state legislation and state and local boards of education
      Principals
      Responsible for management at the school level
      Set school direction, build staff morale, leadership
      School-Based Management (SBM)
      Governance process where the people affected
      by decisions are involved in making them
      School Advisory Council (SAC)
      Membership of school and community stakeholders who make decisions and recommendations regarding school operations
      The Politics of American Education
    • Funding Education
      Total expenditure for public elementary and secondary education is $489.4 billion annually, which comes to $9,969 for one student per year.
      Federal Support and Mandates
      • Categorical grants – federal government support through specific legislation designed to help particular groups of students (e.g. Head Start)
      • Recipients of federal funding must comply with all federal regulations
      State Funding
      • Sales tax, income tax, inheritance tax, various license and occupation fees, and state lotteries
      • Flat grants – equal funding based on the districts average daily attendance
      • Foundation grants – funding based on property values, inversely related to community wealth
      The Politics of American Education
    • Funding Education
      Local Funding
      Property tax, based on assessed value of real estate
      - Reliable, steady source of revenue
      - Inequity between districts
      Private Funding
      Foundations provide support through grants and other private funds
      Targeted to reforming education with an emphasis on urban, minority, and special education
      - Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
      - Annenberg Foundation
      The Politics of American Education
    • Federal vs. State Control
       Who do American believe should have the greatest influence over what is taught in public school?
          
      Decisions to be made: What is best for students and what should they learn?
      Issues of Governance and Finance
      The Politics of American Education
    • Is using property tax to support education fair?
      Privatization of public schools
      Why important to us, as teachers?
      Informed Professional Participation
      Accountability
      Teacher Empowerment
         Financing Education
      Funding Equity: the unequal ability of school districts to pay for quality education
      The Politics of American Education