Greater flexibility in clock oscillators for enhanced

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A crystal oscillator is an electronic circuit that is used for creating electrical signals of an accurate frequency. These frequencies are required for providing stable clock signals in digital …

A crystal oscillator is an electronic circuit that is used for creating electrical signals of an accurate frequency. These frequencies are required for providing stable clock signals in digital integrated circuits and also for the purpose of stabilizing frequencies for radio transmitters and receivers. Quartz crystals are manufactured for developing resonators that are used commonly in wristwatches, clocks, radios, computers and cell phones. They are also used in test and measurement and medical equipment.

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  • 1. Greater Flexibility in Clock Oscillators for EnhancedA crystal oscillator is an electronic circuit that is used for creating electrical signals of an accurate frequency. Thesefrequencies are required for providing stable clock signals in digital integrated circuits and also for the purpose ofstabilizing frequencies for radio transmitters and receivers. Quartz crystals are manufactured for developing resonatorsthat are used commonly in wristwatches, clocks, radios, computers and cell phones. They are also used in test andmeasurement and medical equipment.Despite being a popular item in electronic systems, the crystal oscillator does not have the capacity for high frequencyresonance. Using the crystal quarts oscillator above its normal frequency can raise costs and there is no guarantee of astable temperature range. The only way to increase the frequency level is by using phase locked loops. However, thecrystal oscillator is not proficient in analog circuits. As the need for enhanced performance and reduced costs areincreasing, an alternative has been found in the form of programmable clock oscillators that use a fixed frequencyMEMS resonator along with a programmable analog circuit.The MEMS clock oscillator utilizes an extremely accurate fractional-n phase locked loop to multiply the MEMS resonatorand achieve any frequency. The accuracy of the output frequency is up to 6 decimal places and is ideal for applicationsthat require non-standard frequencies and/or higher frequencies. This results in improved accuracy and jitterperformance due to less ASIC or SoC PLL multiplication. The clock oscillator can easily operate in any supply voltage from2.5V to 3.3V and as low as 1.8V.MEMS-based clock oscillators provide programming controls including the ability to program different drive strengths tobetter match output conditions.. In addition, higher drive strength can be used for driving multiple loads. Similarly, thelower drive strength can be used for reducing the electromagnetic interference. Programmability also allows the clockoscillator to feature a pin that can be configured for either Output Enable or Standby. And unlike quartz-crystaloscillators, the pull range of a MEMS VCXO can extend to +/-1600 PPM. This unique pull-range enables newapplications that were previously unobtainable due to the limited pull-range of any quartz-based oscillator; typically only150-200 PPM max.Learn more about : MEMS Oscillators & TCXO