Career introduction


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Career introduction

  1. 1. 1 PRESENTATION & DISCUSSION ONCareer GuidanceLow Aim is a Crime, but not high ambition -NCERT ‘Guidance in Schools’How and Where you study are important -All fields have job opportunities A need for every student Today in your City Career Guidance Center
  2. 2. 2 Career Guidance• Why Career Guidance ?• Current Trends • Career Plans• Who are Responsible ? • Further Impacts – 1 to 6• Career – A Foundation • Career Selection – 1 to 3• The Career Cycle – 1 & 2 • Course / College• Why Select a Career ? Selection – 1 & 2• Planning Your Career – 1 • Reading Skills &2• Stumbling Blocks• Current Status Career Guidance Center
  3. 3. 3 Career Guidance Why Career Guidance ?Today’s Generation Students.…• Never plan for their future.• Follow the crowd.• Choose by influence of others.• Accept the parent’s verdict by force.• Get tempted by current trends.• Influenced by media.• Select a career in dejection.• Jump into any career.• Are totally away from realities.• Lack Counseling facilities.• Live in Fantasy World.• Lack Motivation.• Fail to “Discover their Lives” Career Guidance Center
  4. 4. 4 Career Guidance Current Trends• A-I-M LESS process• Focus is lost• Efforts to increase quantity• Less Statistical Analysis• No match of Current Process to Future need• Increasing Competition• Survival of the fittest• Less influence – Parents, Teachers, etc• Education for all – Good &Bad• Increasing demand for quality.• Increasing Dropouts• Decline in the efforts of Good people.• Checking quality in Tomato/Potato But not in education.• ……. ( can we end this list ?) Career Guidance Center
  5. 5. 5 Career Guidance Who are Responsible ?• Students themselves.• Parents – Most of them.• Teachers – Not every body.• Schools & Colleges – Majority of them.• Society / Social strata.• Social Organizations.• Government.• People who have knowledge.• People who can influence others for Good.• People who achieved success but forgot others. Career Guidance Center
  6. 6. 6 Career Guidance Career – A FoundationWhat is Career? Profession or occupation with opportunities for advancement or promotion and not just livelihood.Time Management Prioritize works. Take tough job and don’t delay. Make schedule with 5minutes break per hour.SWOT Analysis [Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats] Career Guidance Center
  7. 7. 7 Career Guidance Career Cycle - 1Career Planets Education Family Self Career Life System Society Vision A path that leads to Advancement & Promotion in Life Career Guidance Center
  8. 8. 8 Career Guidance Career Cycle - 2Steps to Progress Facts Commit- ment Self Belief 5 Most Crucial Factors Plan Persevere A path that makes some obtain his wishes: course, job and location Career Guidance Center
  9. 9. 9 Career Guidance Why Select a Career ?• We have been created Unique [Ex. Fingerprint].• We are born only once.• We spend almost 40 years on our work.• A total of over 80,000/- hrs we “work”.• Ask yourself.• A billion Dollar Question “How should I spend these 80,000 hrs before I die ????? ”• Better an original cow than a duplicate Tiger Career Guidance Center
  10. 10. 10 Career Guidance Planning your career - 1• Course Selection• Better Family Life• Helping the Nation• Develop Skills, Motivation, Plan Intelligently• Improve Reading• Taking Notes (You can Use)• Enlist Interested Career/Profession• Make Check-list• Crack all Entrance Exam• Get Advice• Proper Planning Prevents Poor Performance Career Guidance Center
  11. 11. 11 Career Guidance Planning your career - 2• No short-cut to success (Hard work)• Career plan at 9th standard• Format schooling, subjects at school, professional/technical course, job offer (salary and status not to be considered initially), change of job, place of work, type of organization you want to work for, your career and home life.• Marks secured in 10th, 12th Std and Bachelor degrees are considered for jobs. Career Guidance Center
  12. 12. 12 Career Guidance Stumbling Blocks - 1Our Students Vs State Rank Holders • Both have the same 24 hours per day. • Both avail the same books and guides. • Both have equivalent facilities. • Both attempt the same exam paper.Achievements by Kayalpatnam Students • State 30th in 10th standard and First among Muslims. • 6 Professional students [via government quota] in one batch. Career Guidance Center
  13. 13. 13 Career Guidance Current StatusLast 10 days • Sharp decline in number of students entering government medical and engineering colleges Career Guidance Center
  14. 14. 14 Career Guidance Career Plans• What do you want to study and where?• Planning must be done when students are at 10th standard.• Continuous study for more than 45mts might impact our concentration• Goal - How to reach it?, Risks Involved, Alternate Options• Check your academic performances.• Job Expectations: To be decided on Money, Status, Discipline, Command, Challenge (Keep in Mind your Interest) Career Guidance Center
  15. 15. 15 Career Guidance Further Impacts - 1Due to Schools: • Schools aim for all pass and village first. • Teachers aim for the least – i.e., one student scoring centum in his subject. • What is the use of Village first, if they don’t end up in government and good institutions. • Language or communication skills are not given proper concern. • Lack of career guidance books or programs. Career Guidance Center
  16. 16. 16 Career Guidance Further Impacts - 2Due to Teachers: • Very few teachers are not punctual to classes. • Few teachers aim for the least – i.e., one student scoring centum in his subject. • Mismatch between tuition hours and study hours. • Teacher teaching at school at the rate of 6 hours per week plus 6 hours at tuition. • Students have very less study time Career Guidance Center
  17. 17. 17 Career Guidance Further Impacts - 3Due to Parents: • Thinking that education is attainable only with money. • Thinking that whatever the children study, they will need recommendation to get a job. • Not aware of various educational openings present and their respective standards. • Forcing children to take a specific course due to various personal reasons.  Don’t force, just guide. • Indicating to children about various jobs without proper knowledge. • Giving students maximum household works while they are at 10th or 12th standard. This will be an excuse later by students. Career Guidance Center
  18. 18. 18 Career Guidance Further Impacts - 4Due to social organizations: • Distributing notices indicating 500 engineers, 20 doctors or what-so-ever, without indicating where these people graduated, how did they enter and how much did they score • Providing awards for total marks only and not considering cut-off marks. • Helping students with some career guidance programs • Provide indicators about various exam dates. • Providing training without benchmark standards. Career Guidance Center
  19. 19. 19 Career Guidance Further Impacts - 5Due to Students: • Attending too many coaching and tuition classes. • Not aware of various educational openings present. • Not aware of good institutes like IIT, IIM, NIFT, NIT, IIIT, BITS, BIT, etc. • Not aware of various disciplines present. • Thinking that +1 standard is the right time to play after 10th standard. Remember that all india entrance exams require you to know 11th and 12th standards. • Not planning their time. • Selection of courses/colleges due to impact by friendship. Career Guidance Center
  20. 20. 20 Career Guidance Further Impacts - 6Due to students: • Misuse of cell phones. • Thinking that questions major exams like IIT and so we can easily prepare. Career Guidance Center
  21. 21. 21 Career Guidance Career Selection - 1Your Personality • Mechanical, Investigative, Social, Rule-based (Finance, Accounting), Enterprising (Management), Artist. • Activity: Literary, Mechanical, Commercial, Scientific, Creative, Social, Dynamic, Outdoor/Indoor • Job View: • Your Options; List various works • Attend Career Talks • Get True picture of the job (Remember that successful people always appreciate their job) • Know what is in the job. • Feel the job. • Match your view and reality. Career Guidance Center
  22. 22. 22 Career Guidance Career Selection - 2• Mechanical  Engg/Tech Jobs• Investigate  Thinking/Research• Social  Journalism• Conventional  Rule-based  Accounts• Enterprising  Wants power and status  Law, Business Management• Artistic  Drama, Music, Painting• Don’t select based on friends/parents Career Guidance Center
  23. 23. 23 Career Guidance Career Selection - 3Interests Matching: • Scientific Temper • Business Skill • Creativity/Aesthetics • Physically demanding • Sociability • Precision & Skill • Professional Challenge for growth Career Guidance Center
  24. 24. 24 Career Guidance Course / College Selection - 1• Personal Interest (Must be aware of)• Wanted/Job chances [Future plan]• Recognition of the courses.• Course by name  Check for recognition and course coverage.• By ranking of the college/institution.• Campus Interview.• Some courses start with less pay but increment will be faster. Some others, starts high but very little increment. Career Guidance Center
  25. 25. 25 Career Guidance Course / College Selection - 2• Foreign opportunities [Check the following]: • Salary. • Respect or recognition. • Future for children [Educational standards]. Career Guidance Center
  26. 26. 26 Career Guidance Reading Skills• Learn Terms• Get the Structure• Skim the Chapter• Thorough Reading• Review• Decrease in reading due to Reading aloud/moving lips Using Finger/head to follow Insufficient vocabulary Career Guidance Center
  27. 27. 27 Career Guidance Points to Ponder …• Don’t go for higher education because you don’t get a job after your bachelor degree • Do higher education only if you are passionate about it• Accept challenges to accomplish any achievement • Don’t wait for a miracle (accomplishing everything in short time) in the last minute or week or month • If short duration is needed, why H.Sc is of two years (+1 and +2)• Practice makes a person perfect• Over confidence is worst than cancer• There is no substitute for hard work• Being attentive to the task is very important• While learning, you should be able to infer the text from the diagram or vice versa• Analytical and logical reasoning is vital for human development. Derivation in different courses if understood properly, will help develop these vital skills• Sometimes, you might need memorize formula and derivations• Idle mind is devil’s mind.• There is nothing called as 2nd level job Career Guidance Center
  28. 28. 28 Career Guidance Points to Ponder …• While studying for H.Sc or SSLC or whatever • Spend your time with effectively: Allocate 60% of your time for core subjects (Phy, Che, Bio, Maths, Commerce, …) and 40% for language subjects• Do SWOT analysis of your own self • Find out your strength and weakness; utilise the strength to overcome the weakness• Note that 11th standard education is important for +2 and 9th standard is important for 10th standard. Foundation is vital for any construction • Note that 10th standard is your first experience in Public exam. Try to learn the experience.• Early Morning study • Its good to wake at around 4am and have a cup of milk (Pray Tahajjud) • Note that studying 3 hours in the morning is equivalent to studying 9 hours in the night or later in the evening/day. • Keep a gap of 5 to 10 minutes between every 1 hour or 45 minutes of continuous study Career Guidance Center
  29. 29. 29 Career Guidance Points to Ponder …• Physical exercises brings your brain to be active; Our five times prayer should accomplish all these very easily, insha Allah• You need 30 minutes of physical activity daily. • Spend some 15 minutes in talking to your parents or friends, not about the subject but something generic and no gossiping please • Play some light games like Skipping or Tennikoit or something else • Please note that the game should have less chance of injury and should be non- stressful. • Playing a local or district or state level competition will give immense pressure (you will be thinking about it for long period and not just during the game time) and this should be considered as part of physical activity.• 7 hours of proper sleep is vital at this stage Career Guidance Center
  30. 30. 30 Career Guidance Points to Ponder on Handling Exams …• Parents should not create unnecessary pressure on students • Parents should think positive and not negative • Parents should advise and not frighten students• Schools should provide a replica (100% exact) of Public exam • The question papers should have key for evaluation • Replicate the instructions as in the Public exam • Sometimes follow the BluePrint for question pattern and sometimes keep it different so that students are ready to face any questions • Is it possible to make the students know the key points for various topics?• Go to exam hall with confidence. Sleep early like 9 or 10pm the previous day• Mathematics Formula: Write in a chart paper and hang them in front of your reading table• Refer to previous year Public exam questions for getting the idea of style of questions and not about the chapters where the questions come from• In exams: line space, word space and revision are vital• Don’t depend on book bank; Most of the time questions don’t come from there. Career Guidance Center
  31. 31. 31 Career Guidance Points to Ponder on Handling Exams …• Time Management in writing exams • Arrive 30 minutes before the exam • Read instructions carefully • Read the question paper thoroughly • Do the job with self-confidence: No anxiety and no tension please • Answering the questions in the order the questions are, is good • Don’t write stories – stick to the vital points • Concentrate on your task and writing legibly• If you want to score good, the one and only resource is the text book (Page by page, line by line, word by word). • No need to memorize everything • Key points are vital Career Guidance Center
  32. 32. 32 Career Guidance Points to Ponder on Handling Exams …• Presentation as well as choosing questions (if choices given) is an art. STUDENTS MUST MASTER THIS. • THESE MIGHT BE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A 190/200 STUDENT AND AS 200/200 STUDENT.• If a derivation and a theory question are given as choices, theory answer might not give you full marks but derivation can. At the same time, derivation if wrong will make you loose more than what theory does.• For mathematics, its vital to practice the exercises daily• Generally, if someone is good in mathematics (with understanding and not just solving questions), he should be good at other subjects too Career Guidance Center
  33. 33. 33 Career Guidance Points to Ponder on Handling Exams …• Answering question paper in its own order is vital. • Mostly the order followed is: objective questions, 3 marks, big questions • Lets say if there are 40 objective (or short) questions which require a line to three lines maximum to answer. Its better to write them in order from 1 to 40. If you don’t answer for a question, leave space for it and go on. Writing answer is any random order will affect the mood of the examiner. • Generally one mark excepts a single vital point. STUDENTS MUST KNOW THE VITAL POINT.• For 5 or 10 mark questions, if there exists a diagram, then you must sketch it, irrespective of whether you are asked or not Career Guidance Center
  34. 34. 34 Career Guidance Chart of Studying – A Day Routine• 4AM – 4:20AM: Wake Up, Washing Teeth and Face, Some brisk movements of body (better Tahajjud); Drink Milk if it is ready• 4:20AM – 4:30AM: Recite Holy Quran and/or Salawath• 4:30AM – Subuh prayer: Read the subject (core subject) that you consider has tough • Don’t rush and don’t keep any limit on how much to read during this time• Subuh prayer: Make wudu and don’t think of what you have studied just now and do prayer (VITAL: If you keep a limit on how much to study before subuh prayer and if you don’t finish, this will affect your prayer concentration and thus don’t keep any limit on how much to read)• After Subuh prayer: Drink Milk or something, if ready (Never wait for food)• 5:30AM – 7:30AM: Study the core subjects • Note you should study 50 minutes and take ten minutes break. During this break, relax yourself. Go and talk to your sister/brother who is getting to go to school. • Take some biscuit or something. If breakfast is ready and you are hungry, you can take that also.• 7:30AM – 8:15AM: Take bath and get ready for school. Take breakfast, if you have not take it early.• 8:15AM – Going to school: Read language subjects or just revise the chapter that the core subject teacher is going to teach today now. Career Guidance Center
  35. 35. 35 Career Guidance Chart of Studying – A Day Routine• At School: • Make sure you have already gone through the chapter in advance. • How to read a chapter: Read the introduction and conclusion of the chapter to get the basic idea or answer is question “What is the vital concept of this chapter and where it is used?” • Then, read the whole chapter. Note: you don’t need to understand the whole chapter thoroughly now. Its just getting your brain to absorb easily when the teacher starts teaching this chapter. • Concentrate on what is being taught. • Take points of those you think as key points. • In a class test, you can write these key points and see if they are correct. OR ask the teacher are these the vital or key points. • As you have read the chapter earlier, now while teacher teaches you get some doubts or gaps filled. If still doubt, just raise the question to the teacher. • VERY IMPORTANT: YOU MUST REVISE THE SAME CHAPTER THE TEACHER HAS TAUGHT THE SAME DAY, AFTER SCHOOL. Career Guidance Center
  36. 36. 36 Career Guidance Chart of Studying – A Day Routine• At School: If you have anything more than 15 minutes as a leisure time, then utilise part of it for revising what is taught or read language subjects. Don’t read new or tough core subjects at this time.• Lunch Break: Nice time to come back home, pray and then take lunch. • If time permits, spend 5 to 10 minutes to read a Newspaper. Its better to read a newspaper that has contents than pictures. Don’t watch TV at this time. Videos can create mind wandering that just text or pictures.• After School Finish or 4:30PM: • Some 10 minutes: Pray and have a cup of tea with biscuit or something. • 30 Minutes: Come back home and this is the time to have your 30 minutes play time. • Its good to play with those who have the same mind as you, if you playing with your classmates. Not those who talk something useless and don’t spend time on the play • Can also play with your sister or brother, as the game is a light one (Tennikoit, table tennis, skipping, …). Don’t play games that has no physical activity (like caram, daam, …). Occasionally, you could play chess or suduko or pallanguli or the like. But, not always or regularly. Career Guidance Center
  37. 37. 37 Career Guidance Chart of Studying – A Day Routine• 5:15PM – Maghrib prayer: • Revise the chapters taught in the class. • Spend time writing and learning.• Between Maghrib prayer and Isha Prayer: • Spend some 15 to 30 minutes for recitation • Spend time just reading language course stuff • If dinner is ready, take it with pleasure• After Isha prayer until 9:30PM • Do a quick revision over what is taught today and yesterday• 9PM or 9:30PM: Sleeping time.• Weekend schedule: • This is same as daily schedule, except that you have no school • May be, you are going to madrasha for some 3 hours or so • Utilise the time effectively, to revise whatever was taught for you the whole week • Write down the formula on the chart paper and hang it. Write it in bold letter so that you can see it from a distance Career Guidance Center
  38. 38. 38 Career Guidance Chart of Studying …• Please note that you follow the chart effectively after 10th standard till 12th standard.• Immediately after 10th standard exams finish: • You take some days of from your list. Go and visit some places (may be, ziyarath trip) • If you like a subject, you could spend one hour daily for that subject. Just read that subject for 11th standard. This way, you have ready that subject and you can utilise that time later to read something else. Generally, it is better to read language subjects or those subjects (or even specific chapters) which require understanding. Once you understand something, you will remember it for long • The school leave after 10th standard is the best time to learn typing. It does not matter whether you go for typewriting exam or not. But learning typing will help you use computers faster in the future.• Studying CBSE or ICSE is good only if you are able to grasp the concepts clearly. Studying CBSE should not be for English language sake. • If you are able to score more than 90% in CBSE 10th public exam, then you could opt to continue your H.Sc in CBSE or ICSE itself and aim for All India level entrance exams. You do have seats at IIT, National Institute of Technology (Formerly REC) at Trichy, and many other good institutions. • If your 10th standard score at CBSE is less than 90%, its better to switch to State Board. Career Guidance Center
  39. 39. 39 Career Guidance Chart of Studying …• Don’t ever wait for school to conduct a test or something to test your self. • Self test is the best one. You could collect some questions and do it • If your friends can help, you can do this. • No w a da ys, a stu de nt ca n get a Career Guidance Center co
  40. 40. 40 Career Guidance Chart of Studying …• If you are +2 student now and are scoring around 180 or so out of 200 but want to touch the 200/200 mark, do consider these: • Check your monthly test and see what are those mistakes you are making • For any mistake, you need to learn the whole chapter again. Probably, your understanding is wrong and thus ask your subject teacher to revise it • Your mistake might be due to carelessness. Then, you better do revision before submitting your answer sheet in the exam hall. Try to concentrate more • Your mistake might be due to lack of knowing what to write and what not to. You need to know the key points here• CONCLUDING POINTS: • I REALLY DON’T KNOW HOW TO SUGGEST SOMEONE TO STUDY IF HE/SHE SPENDS THREE HOURS DAILY IN TUITION CENTRES, AFTER ALL HIS SCHOOL HOURS. YOU COULD BE ABLE TO SCORE MORE THAN 180 OR EVEN 190 BUT NOT 200/200 IN CORE SUBJECTS. YOU COULD GET 200/200 IN ONE COURSE AT MAXIMUM. • NOTE THAT 200/200 IS VITAL AS THE CUT OFF MARK FOR GOOD MEDICINE OR ENGINEERING COLLEGE IS 197 AND ABOVE. • IF READING A SINGLE SUBJECT AT A STRETCH IS BORING, YOU CAN SWITCH SUBJECTS Career Guidance Center
  41. 41. 41 Career Guidance Application Guidelines – NOT JUST FOR +2• After your +2 exams, spend your time for the following: Learn Islamic laws properly (as you are going to go away and study – prayer, travel rules, jummah prayer, etc); Learn some computer courses; Learn by travelling, etc.• If you want to join a Bachelor degree • You really might not know much about the course like different engineering branches • Give preference to college (80% preference) and 20% reference to course; unless you are well aware of the course. Placement goes to good colleges • When you choose your degree, don’t keep the degree too specific. Its not good to narrow down your options at the bachelor level. Specialize at final year project or final year course level or during Master degree (like Nanotechnology, …) • Note that certain Master degree programs accept students from various different Bachelor streams. That means the course contents might be diluted• If you apply for MS program after BE or BTech degree: • Make sure your project in BE in the area of your interest and is exposed in your statement of purpose. Statement of purpose should contain your area of interest in words, with appropriate work. Statement of purpose is like an art of yourself in words• What does the companies look for when they interview graduates? • Technical strength; Basic aptitude and communication skills • They don’t look for whether you have done courses outside the college Career Guidance Center
  42. 42. 42 Career Guidance Application Guidelines – NOT JUST FOR +2• When you are making your CV or resume • For non-Computer Science and non-IT engineering students, please make sure your CV indicates about your projects and/or student paper presentations in the area of interest for you and the company. • Ex. Decide which area you are interested: VLSI, Embedded System, Mobile Communication, Image Processing, etc • Do your paper presentation, projects in your area of interest • Decide which company is interested in your area of interest • Then prepare the resume accordingly and submit • Note that Area of specialization links you to a job• If your target is IIT, then it is better to start the preparation from 9th standard. Remember, the syllabus for IIT-JEE is in coincidence with CBSE syllabus.• Never spend one year or two just for preparing for GATE or GRE or any other exam, after your graduation. You should not have empty slots in your CV. Its better to do some work or study something while preparing for these exams.• Handling interviews: • Don’t answer the questions as objective answer or abbreviations Career Guidance Center
  43. 43. 43 Career Guidance Application Guidelines – NOT JUST FOR +2• If you want to join top international companies: • For software companies, look for their contest, like Microsoft Student Partnership, Google Ambassador, IBM great mind contest, Wipro Academy of Software Excellence (WASE), etc. • Generally, your project work should match the core area of the company • Note that sometimes these companies even provide you with opportunities to do Master degree while working at their concern Career Guidance Center
  44. 44. 44 Career GuidanceLets come back hereLets come back herelater ……later …… Career Guidance Center
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