Mewar kingdom


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Mewar kingdom

  1. 1. Shubham AggarwalVII A 1
  2. 2. 1. Introduction2. Kings3. Administration4. Wars5. Society6. Economy7. Religion8. Language and Literature9. Art and Architecture10. Decline of the Kingdom11. Resources Shubham Aggarwal VII A 2
  3. 3. The Rajputs established their power in Mewar in the 8 th century. In 13A.D. Chittor, the capital of Mewar, came under the control of Ala-ud-dinKhalji. After his death it again went back into the hands of Rajputsbecause of the heroics of Rana Hamir. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 3
  4. 4. The major kings of Mewar kingdom were:1. Rana Hamir Singh I2. Rana Kumbha3. Maharana Rai-Mal4. Rana Sanga5. Maharana Udai Singh II6. Maharana Pratap Singh Shubham Aggarwal VII A 4
  5. 5.  Following an invasion by the Delhi sultanate at theend of the 13th century, the ruling Guhilot clan had beendisplaced from Mewar. Hamir, who belonged to an impoverished cadetbranch of that clan, regained control of the region andre-established the dynasty. He became the first of his dynasty to use the royaltitle Rana. Hamir also became the progenitor of the Sisodia clan,a branch of the Guhilot clan, to which every succeedingMaharana of Mewar has belonged. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 5
  6. 6.  Rana Kumbha was the leader of the fifteenth centuryRajput resurgence. Ahmad Shah (ruler of Gujarat), and Muhammad Shah(ruler of Delhi) cooperated with Rana Kumbha to combatMahmud Khalji. During this period, the rulers of Delhi and Gujaratconferred on Rana Kumbha the title of Hindu-suratrana ( Hindu Sultan ). Rana Kumbha was the first Hindu ruler to be given thisaccolade by the Muslim Sultans. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 6
  7. 7.  During Raimals reign, Ajmer was recaptured. Raimal also strengthened the state of Mewar and repaired the templeof Eklingi in Chittor. The last years of Raimals rule were marked by conflict between his sonswith Prince Sanga. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 7
  8. 8.  Rana Sanga succeeded his father Rana Raimal as the king of the Mewarin 1509. Rana Sanga was defeated at the battle of khanwa by Mughal emperorBabur in 1527. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 8
  9. 9.  He founded Udaipur and shifted his capital to Udaipur. Using this as a pretext, Akbar attacked Mewar in October,1567. OnOctober 23, 1567 Akbar formed his camp near Udaipur. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 9
  10. 10.  Maharana Pratap never accepted Akbar as ruler of India, and foughtAkbar all his life. In 1567 Akbar attacked chittorgarh and razed it to the ground. Maharana Pratap and his army harass the Mughals through guerrillawarfare. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 10
  11. 11.  Mewar had a pattern of feudal administration. The king, the nobles and the people were united without distinction ofcaste, creed or religion as one family, even in times of war. Throughout its long history, the kingdom gained an admirable record ofsolid independence, and its place of honour at the head of the Rajput clanswas well deserved. Because of Mewars stoical adherence to tradition, India has always heldthe kingdom in high respect, calling it the Sun of the Hindus. Mewar was called the Sun of the Hindus, and its history is outstanding inthe annals of India. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 11
  12. 12.  The battle of khanwa was fought between Babur and Rana Sanga It resulted in the decisive victory of the Babur. Rana Sanga somehow managed to escape from the Mughal army. The army of Rana Sanga was quite broken and dispersed. Rana Sanga died shortly after this battle in 1527 at Baswa on Mewarsnorthern border. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 12
  13. 13.  The battle of haldighati was fought between Maharana Pratap andMughal empire. It resulted in the decisive victory of Mughal empire. But, they failed to capture Maharana Pratap. Maharana Pratap retreated into the hilly wilderness of the Aravalihills and continued his struggle. His one attempt at open confrontation having thus failed, Pratapresumed the tactics of guerrilla warfare. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 13
  14. 14.  Caste system was rigid during the Mewar kingdom. During this period a large number of new castes came into existence. Mewar rulers supported brahamins as scholars and priests. Society evils were prevelent like sati system, Jauhar and polygamy. The standard of living among upper class was fairy high. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 14
  15. 15.  Agriculture was the main occupation of the people.The poor worked as the labour for temples, forts, palaces etc.They encouraged trade by building roads, sarais etc. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 15
  16. 16.  Hinduism was followed during this period.They mainly worshipped gods Vishnu and Shiva. Bhakti saints preached devotion to God. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 16
  17. 17.  Mewari was spoken during the mewar kingdom. Samgita-raja, the Rasika-priya commentary on the Gitagovinda,the Sudaprabandha, and the Kamaraja-ratisara were the famous literatureworks of that period. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 17
  18. 18.  The flowering of arts and culture during Mewar Kingdom is exceededonly by Bhoja Parmara . Mewar rulers had constructed many forts ,monuments and temples.They had constucted:Kirti StambhaRanakpur Trailokya-dipaka Jain templeKumbhasvami TempleAdivarsha TemplesKumbhalgarh fort Shubham Aggarwal VII A 18
  19. 19. Kumbhasvami Temple Kumbhalgarh fort Adivarsha Temple Kirti StambhRanakpur Trailokya- Shubham Aggarwal VII A 19dipaka Jain temple
  20. 20. The main reasons for the decline of the Mewar Kingdom were:The Mewar rulers were in constant fighting with Mughal emperors, otherRajput rulers.The feudal system proved disastrous for the Mewar Kingdom.The Mewar rulers were not conversant with the latest warfare techniquesand their mode of fighting and weapons were outdated.The caste system prevalent amongst them gave rise to mutual jealousies. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 20
  21. 21. 1. www.wikipedia.org2. www.indianetzone.com3. www.eternalmewar.com4. www.preservearticles.com5. We and Our World (A book of Social Sciences), Class VII Shubham Aggarwal VII A 21