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Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
Mewar kingdom
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Mewar kingdom

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  • 1. Shubham AggarwalVII A 1
  • 2. 1. Introduction2. Kings3. Administration4. Wars5. Society6. Economy7. Religion8. Language and Literature9. Art and Architecture10. Decline of the Kingdom11. Resources Shubham Aggarwal VII A 2
  • 3. The Rajputs established their power in Mewar in the 8 th century. In 13A.D. Chittor, the capital of Mewar, came under the control of Ala-ud-dinKhalji. After his death it again went back into the hands of Rajputsbecause of the heroics of Rana Hamir. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 3
  • 4. The major kings of Mewar kingdom were:1. Rana Hamir Singh I2. Rana Kumbha3. Maharana Rai-Mal4. Rana Sanga5. Maharana Udai Singh II6. Maharana Pratap Singh Shubham Aggarwal VII A 4
  • 5.  Following an invasion by the Delhi sultanate at theend of the 13th century, the ruling Guhilot clan had beendisplaced from Mewar. Hamir, who belonged to an impoverished cadetbranch of that clan, regained control of the region andre-established the dynasty. He became the first of his dynasty to use the royaltitle Rana. Hamir also became the progenitor of the Sisodia clan,a branch of the Guhilot clan, to which every succeedingMaharana of Mewar has belonged. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 5
  • 6.  Rana Kumbha was the leader of the fifteenth centuryRajput resurgence. Ahmad Shah (ruler of Gujarat), and Muhammad Shah(ruler of Delhi) cooperated with Rana Kumbha to combatMahmud Khalji. During this period, the rulers of Delhi and Gujaratconferred on Rana Kumbha the title of Hindu-suratrana ( Hindu Sultan ). Rana Kumbha was the first Hindu ruler to be given thisaccolade by the Muslim Sultans. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 6
  • 7.  During Raimals reign, Ajmer was recaptured. Raimal also strengthened the state of Mewar and repaired the templeof Eklingi in Chittor. The last years of Raimals rule were marked by conflict between his sonswith Prince Sanga. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 7
  • 8.  Rana Sanga succeeded his father Rana Raimal as the king of the Mewarin 1509. Rana Sanga was defeated at the battle of khanwa by Mughal emperorBabur in 1527. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 8
  • 9.  He founded Udaipur and shifted his capital to Udaipur. Using this as a pretext, Akbar attacked Mewar in October,1567. OnOctober 23, 1567 Akbar formed his camp near Udaipur. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 9
  • 10.  Maharana Pratap never accepted Akbar as ruler of India, and foughtAkbar all his life. In 1567 Akbar attacked chittorgarh and razed it to the ground. Maharana Pratap and his army harass the Mughals through guerrillawarfare. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 10
  • 11.  Mewar had a pattern of feudal administration. The king, the nobles and the people were united without distinction ofcaste, creed or religion as one family, even in times of war. Throughout its long history, the kingdom gained an admirable record ofsolid independence, and its place of honour at the head of the Rajput clanswas well deserved. Because of Mewars stoical adherence to tradition, India has always heldthe kingdom in high respect, calling it the Sun of the Hindus. Mewar was called the Sun of the Hindus, and its history is outstanding inthe annals of India. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 11
  • 12.  The battle of khanwa was fought between Babur and Rana Sanga It resulted in the decisive victory of the Babur. Rana Sanga somehow managed to escape from the Mughal army. The army of Rana Sanga was quite broken and dispersed. Rana Sanga died shortly after this battle in 1527 at Baswa on Mewarsnorthern border. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 12
  • 13.  The battle of haldighati was fought between Maharana Pratap andMughal empire. It resulted in the decisive victory of Mughal empire. But, they failed to capture Maharana Pratap. Maharana Pratap retreated into the hilly wilderness of the Aravalihills and continued his struggle. His one attempt at open confrontation having thus failed, Pratapresumed the tactics of guerrilla warfare. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 13
  • 14.  Caste system was rigid during the Mewar kingdom. During this period a large number of new castes came into existence. Mewar rulers supported brahamins as scholars and priests. Society evils were prevelent like sati system, Jauhar and polygamy. The standard of living among upper class was fairy high. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 14
  • 15.  Agriculture was the main occupation of the people.The poor worked as the labour for temples, forts, palaces etc.They encouraged trade by building roads, sarais etc. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 15
  • 16.  Hinduism was followed during this period.They mainly worshipped gods Vishnu and Shiva. Bhakti saints preached devotion to God. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 16
  • 17.  Mewari was spoken during the mewar kingdom. Samgita-raja, the Rasika-priya commentary on the Gitagovinda,the Sudaprabandha, and the Kamaraja-ratisara were the famous literatureworks of that period. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 17
  • 18.  The flowering of arts and culture during Mewar Kingdom is exceededonly by Bhoja Parmara . Mewar rulers had constructed many forts ,monuments and temples.They had constucted:Kirti StambhaRanakpur Trailokya-dipaka Jain templeKumbhasvami TempleAdivarsha TemplesKumbhalgarh fort Shubham Aggarwal VII A 18
  • 19. Kumbhasvami Temple Kumbhalgarh fort Adivarsha Temple Kirti StambhRanakpur Trailokya- Shubham Aggarwal VII A 19dipaka Jain temple
  • 20. The main reasons for the decline of the Mewar Kingdom were:The Mewar rulers were in constant fighting with Mughal emperors, otherRajput rulers.The feudal system proved disastrous for the Mewar Kingdom.The Mewar rulers were not conversant with the latest warfare techniquesand their mode of fighting and weapons were outdated.The caste system prevalent amongst them gave rise to mutual jealousies. Shubham Aggarwal VII A 20
  • 21. 1. www.wikipedia.org2. www.indianetzone.com3. www.eternalmewar.com4. www.preservearticles.com5. We and Our World (A book of Social Sciences), Class VII Shubham Aggarwal VII A 21

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