Using PowerPoint to Design Effective Presentations

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Using PowerPoint to Design Effective Presentations

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Using PowerPoint to Design Effective Presentations

  1. 1. Using PowerPoint to Design Effective Presentations Copy this file to your computer. Read through the slides. When a slide says, “YOUR TURN,” Follow the instructions and do the steps. THE CAIN PROJECT
  2. 2. What You’ll Learn • Planning Content • Getting Started with Design • Displaying Text • Displaying Graphics • Animating • Presenting 2
  3. 3. Planning Content for Talks 3
  4. 4. Planning Content for Talks PART 1: • List possible audience questions • Plan your aim(s) upfront • Choose the “NEWS” about topic • Include significance • Keep background relevant 4
  5. 5. Planning Content for Talks PART 2: • Explain methods when appropriate — Related to the “news” (main point)? — Necessary to understand talk? • Explain (don’t just show) data • Plan a conclusion • Preview future work 5
  6. 6. Planning Content • Remember what it was like not to know • Talk to prospective audience members or imagine them - list their questions • Organize information in chunks, going from what they know to what they don’t • Include topic’s significance 6
  7. 7. Planning Content • • Introduction: Set Mental “Hooks” and preview the content Tie new info to previous studies or relevant events - motivate !! • Organize from listeners’ point of view • Principle is “GIVEN to NEW” • Preview future work 7
  8. 8. Getting Started 8
  9. 9. Getting Started: Tips • Create a slide show with storyboards, not a script • Use the slide show... — to select important topics and issues — to organize content — to create a hierarchy 9
  10. 10. Getting Started: Design Tips • To select a design, ask yourself: — What professional image do I want to project? — In what type of room will I give my talk? • Well-lit room: use light background / dark text and visuals • Dimly-lit room: use dark background / light text and visuals 10
  11. 11. Getting Started: Design • Set up “Slide Master” — Design • the “look” of your slide show Choose appropriate template — Select pre-designed, color coordinated presentation templates • Choose “slide layouts” for slides — Select from 12 “master slide styles” under “FORMAT” menu to build your show 11
  12. 12. Set up “Slide Master”: Your Turn • To set up a “Slide Master” of your own: — Go to “Format” — Select “Background” — Make changes in color bar: • • • Colors Fill effects Textures 12
  13. 13. Project a Clear Font • Serif: easy to read in printed documents — Times • New Roman, Palatino, Verdana Sans serif: easy to see projected across the room — Arial, Helvetica, Geneva 13
  14. 14. Fonts: Your Turn • Change the font style of this sentence from Arial to Palatino • To do so… — Highlight the sentence by dragging your cursor across it — Select “format” and then “font” — Select “Palatino” from the pull-down menu 14
  15. 15. Templates: Your Turn • To select a template, follow these steps: — Go to “format” — Select “apply design template” (“show preview” allows you to examine templates) — Select “ok” 15
  16. 16. Create New Slides: Your Turn • To create a new slide, choose from 12 pre-designed slide formats • To examine the 12 formats… — Go to “Insert” and then “New Slide” — Select one design, click “OK” 16
  17. 17. Displaying Text 17
  18. 18. Displaying Text: Tips Your audience... • — Skims each slide — Looks for critical points, not details — Needs help reading/seeing text So you . . . • — Use only essential info — Guide their eyes with hierarchy, color — Use big, legible fonts and framing blank space 18
  19. 19. Displaying Text • • • Use bullets Use short phrases Use grammatical parallelism Not THAT kind of bullets!!! a Let me explain . . . 19
  20. 20. Use Bullets: Tips • • • Bullets help audience skim the slide Bullets help audience see relationships between information points For example, this is Main Point 1, which leads to... — Sub-point 1 — Sub-point 2 (To get back to previous level: use “promote” or “demote” arrows at top) 20
  21. 21. Bullets: Your Turn • To use bullets… — Select the “bulleted list” or “two-column list” slide (from the 12 pre-designed slide formats) — Type a phrase then hit “return” — Type a second phrase, hit “return” then hit “tab” — OR use “promote” or “demote” arrows at top to create a bulleted hierarchy 21
  22. 22. Bullets: Your Turn • To use bullets — Go to “format” and then “bullet” — Select the style, color, and size of the bullets you’ll use — OR highlight text you wish to bullet and select the bullet button at top 22
  23. 23. Use Short Phrases: Tips • • Use phrases in your slide show outline Write complete sentences only in certain cases: — Hypothesis — ??? • • Generate phrases that make your point clearly and accurately Use slide show as an outline for your talk, not as a script 23
  24. 24. Use Parallelism • Make text easy for your audience to skim by creating phrases / sentences that are grammatically parallel • Create parallel text by making items in a list the same grammatical form 24
  25. 25. Grammatical Parallelism • Not Parallel: Criteria to Assess Alarm System — Price — Effectiveness — How easily the alarm could be installed • Parallel: Criteria to Assess Alarm System — Price — Effectiveness — Ease of installation 25
  26. 26. Use Parallelism • Not Parallel: — Lyse cells in buffer — 5 minute centrifuging — Supernatant is removed • Parallel: — Lyse cells in buffer — Centrifuge for 5 minutes — Remove supernatant 26
  27. 27. Parallelism: Your Turn • Make the following list of sub-points parallel: • Reliable data collection relies upon: — Consistent use of techniques (pipetting, making solutions) — Correctly calibrated equipment, such as balances and pipettors — Researcher bias is minimized (expecting data to fit model; conflict of interest) 27
  28. 28. Displaying Visuals 28
  29. 29. Displaying Visuals: Tips • Select visuals purposefully — What visuals illustrate a point? Make a claim? Help to prove an argument? • Design easy-to-read visuals — Are the visuals easy to read by all members of your audience? • Draw attention to aspects of visuals — How will you draw attention to certain features of the visual? 29
  30. 30. Displaying Visuals • Insert needed visuals • Use color • Resize appropriately • Draw attention That was purely gratuitous! 30
  31. 31. Insert Visuals • Insert images using “Insert” then “picture” • Decide whether the image you wish to insert is “clip art” or from a “file” (on disk or on hard drive) 31
  32. 32. Choose Color Carefully Similar intensities draw attention but make details hard to see. Strong, clean contrast draws attention, makes details easy to see 32
  33. 33. Resize Images: How to . . . • • • • • Click on the visual you wish to resize Go to “format” and then “object” or “autoshape” Select “size” Change size and scale OR simply click and drag the corners of the image 33
  34. 34. Simplify and Draw Attention 34 http://www.indstate.edu/thcme/mwking/tca-cycle.html
  35. 35. Animating 35
  36. 36. Animating: Tips • Custom animation allows you to animate text, visuals, or line work • Custom animation should be used purposefully (and sparingly!) — Animating should help audience comprehend your message — Don’t animate solely for aesthetic purposes 36
  37. 37. Animation: Your Turn • Design slide with grouped items • Go to “slide show” and select “animation” and “custom” • Select item(s) to animate • Choose DNA transcription RNA — Animation method (appear, fly in) — Sound — After effects (dim) 37
  38. 38. Presenting 38
  39. 39. Delivery • • Adapt to Physical, Cultural Environment Stance — Body language — Handling notes • Gestures • Eye contact • Voice quality — Volume — Inflection — Pace See evaluation form at http://www.owlnet.rice.edu/~cainproj/ 39
  40. 40. Handling questions • LISTEN • Repeat or rephrase • Watch body language • Don’t bluff 40
  41. 41. Prepare & practice! 41
  42. 42. The Cain Project would like to work with YOU! Go to http://www.owlnet.rice.edu/~cainproj Or call Ext. 6141 or come to Anderson 211c 42

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