Lng as marine fuel norway


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  • I am going to talk about the use of LNG as a fuel in Norway
  • The useof LNG as a fuel has been a greatsuccess and wewish to expand it further. A wordleadingknowledgeclusteron LNG as a fuel is now in place. The techology is nowmature and LNG is a sage and economictechnology, as I will show youtoday. As wespeakthereare 20 ships in order and we have 10 more in the pipe line. We have alsobeenable to developthenecessaryinfrastructure to make LNG available at sensible prices.
  • SOx = Sulphur Oxide NOx = Nitrogen Oxide SECA = Sulphur Emission Control Area
  • Baltic Sea emission 1x SweDan for NOx and 2x SweDan for SOx Containerskip kw3300 dwt 3250 TEU 260 LNG investment USD 3.5 mill. Loss of container TEU capacity of 2%. Loss of revenue of 1.5%. Fuel consumption of 2000 t/yr LNG 40-50 40ft 30cbm 15 ton. HFO 2500 t/år. Energy 40 42 50 (25% more for LNG compared to HFO)LNG price of usd 570/ton = usd 12/mmBTU. Stor scala 6-8/. MGO 800/ton HFO 500/ton. Price projection as shown in chart later. Sea Water Scrubber USD 1 mill. Operation cost of 100-200k/yrSCR: Selective Catalytic Reduction usd 0.5-1.0 mill. ECA rules: LNG is best for environment and most economic NOx red 85-90%, SOx and particles 100%, GHG 15-20%
  • SECA:Less than 1% sulphur content in 2010 july, Less than 0.1% from Jan 2015. Scrubber
  • NOx: Jan 2011 20% reduction from Tier I. Another 75% from Jan 2016.
  • To succeed the Norwegian government and the industry had to tackle these challenges.
  • Three major pillars contributed to the success::
  • Single gas engine mechanical driveTwo 50 m3 LNG storage tanksOne to two weeks operation between refuelingExtra building cost for LNG operation – about 1.5 mill Euro (2008)
  • Efficient distribution is required to bring down the LNG prices. Three elements are required: LNG carriers for shipment, reginal distribution depots and LNG Bunker Vessels to bring the LNG to the ship.
  • Lng as marine fuel norway

    1. 1. The case for LNGA successfull story in Norway<br /><ul><li>Hans Kristian Haram
    2. 2. December 2010</li></li></ul><li>LNG Success Story<br />LNG knowledge cluster<br />Safe and economic technology<br />20 ships in operation<br />10 more on order<br />LNG distribution infrastructure<br />Saving the environment!<br />
    3. 3. Presentation<br />LNG is the solution for ECA<br />Norwegian LNG policy<br />LNG fuelled fleet<br />LNG technology<br />LNG infrastructure<br />LNG price development<br />Golden opportunity<br />
    4. 4. Meeting ECA* requirements<br />SOx < 0.1% in 2015<br />Expected NOx reduction<br />Expected increased CO2 fees<br />* Emission Control Area<br />The solution is LNG<br />
    5. 5. LNG is most economic<br />5 year pay-back time for LNG compared to alternatives<br />Typical shortsea vessel of 2700 grt, engine of 3300 kW, 5250 sailing hours/yr – Source DnV<br />
    6. 6. No SOx<br />Emission for typical Baltic Sea cargo vessel - Source DnV<br />
    7. 7. Limited NOx<br />Emission for typical Baltic Sea cargo vessel - Source DnV<br />
    8. 8. 20% reduction in CO2<br />Emission for typical Baltic Sea cargo vessel - Source DnV<br />
    9. 9. No Particles<br />Emission for typical Baltic Sea cargo vessel - Source DnV<br />
    10. 10. Norwegian Policies - Vision<br />Leading maritime nation supplying the most innovative and environment-friendly solutions<br />
    11. 11. LNG Challenges<br />Availability<br />Price<br />Capex<br />Loss of cargo space<br />Safety<br />
    12. 12. Active LNG Policies in Norway<br />Research and development funding<br />LNG required in government tenders<br />NOx fund for LNG investments<br />
    13. 13. Norwegian Policy - LNG<br />Meeting ECA requirements with LNG<br />Develop LNG company cluster<br />International cooperation<br />Chairman Council of Baltic Sea<br />Major conference on use of LNG in Baltic next year<br />
    14. 14. 20 vessels in operation + 10 in order<br />
    15. 15. Car/passenger ferries<br />
    16. 16. Offshore Vessels<br />
    17. 17. Coast Guard<br />
    18. 18. RoRo<br />
    19. 19. Bulk Carrier<br />
    20. 20. Conversion of Tanker<br />
    21. 21. MatureTechnology<br />Lean burning mono...or dual fuel...(or fuel cells)<br />Methane slip is being solved<br />Multiple suppliers:Wärtisilä, Rolls-Royce, MAN Diesel, Mitsubishi<br />
    22. 22. LNG is SAFE!<br />Used in LNG Carriers (now 350) for 40 years<br />As fuel in Norway in 20 ships since 2001<br />DnV Rules<br /><ul><li>Low pressure in tanks
    23. 23. Lower flammability
    24. 24. Lower flame velocity
    25. 25. Light weight</li></li></ul><li>Minimal loss of cargo space<br />Development of a new LNG storage system (IMO A tank)<br />
    26. 26. State of the Art<br />New hull design<br />LNG powered<br />Increased dwt<br />50% lower CO2 per tonne<br />No SOx, limited NOx<br />No particles<br />75% lower CO2 emission compared to truck<br />
    27. 27. LNG distribution<br />Shortsea LNG Carriers<br />Distristribution depots<br />LNG Bunker Vessels<br />
    28. 28. Distribution<br />Kystgass<br />Snøhvit - base load LNG plant<br />Deep sea LNG<br />Coastal LNG ship<br />Regional LNG depot<br />Local LNG skip<br />Local depot<br />Coastal LNG ship<br />Shortsea LNG ships<br />LNG Depots<br />
    29. 29. Ferry LNG supplies<br /><ul><li>Bunkering</li></ul>Bunkering station<br />
    30. 30. Nordic LNG distribution<br />6 multi gas (LNG, Ethylene, LPG) carriers of 10 000 cbm and 2 of 12 000 cbm <br />
    31. 31. LNG in Atlantic, North Sea, Baltic Sea<br />Tjelbergodden<br />Kolsnes<br />Primorsk<br />Karmsund<br />Nynäshamn<br />Risavika<br />Klaipedia<br />Teeside<br />Rostock<br />Swinoujscie 2014<br />Port Meridan<br />Wilhemshaven<br />Shannon<br />Emshafen 2014<br />Anglesey<br />Isle of Grain<br />Rotterdam<br />Milford Haven<br />Zeebrugge<br />Canvey 2014<br />Dunkerk 2014<br />Le Havre 2014<br />Mentoir<br />Le Verdon 2013<br />New LNG facilities are coming on-stream<br />El Ferrol<br />Gijon<br />Bilbao<br />
    32. 32. LNG price projection<br />Natural gas will cost less than 50% of crude oil per mmBtu<br />Price of natural gas is more stable<br />Oil price will grow faster<br />
    33. 33. Price and Correlation<br />Gas price has dropped relative to oil recently<br />Assumed future LNG price: USD 570/tonne = USD 12 mmBtu<br />
    34. 34. Golden Opportunity<br />Ship upgrading relatedEuropean ECA 2015-16<br />
    35. 35. Regulative measures <br />Demand LNG on government ships<br />Provide investment incentives<br />Build efficient LNG infrastructure<br />International cooperation<br />Governments must lead!<br />
    36. 36. SOx=0NOx<2g/kWh<br />PM=0<br />CO2 -20%<br />Thank you for your attention!!<br />Hans Kristian Haram<br />