TAXONOMICAL INFO Kingdom Family • Animalia • Istiophoridae Phylum Genus • Chordata • Makaira Class Species • Actinopterygii • Makaira nigricans Order • Perciformes
PHYSICAL APPEARANCE Belly: silvery white Top: Cobalt Blue Upper Jaw: Elongated Spear Tail: Cresent-shaped Dorsal/Anal Fins: Pointed Lateral Line: Interwoven Max Length – Male: 368 cm. Max Length – Female: 626 cm.
LIFE FACTS Rapid growth for a few years. Age 2 (males) and Age 4 (females) - sexual maturity Highly fertile – 500K to 55M eggs per spawn • Age • Weight Estimated maximum age is greater than 20 Seafood Watch - cite
REPRODUCTION Female releases eggs, Male releases sperm • Fertilization happens in open water Eggs float with the current Eggs hatch into larvae • two days after fertilization No parental care • High mortality
FEEDING Hunt during the daytime • Alone • Use of bill (slice/stun) Prey • Octopi • Squid • Blackfin Tuna • Frigate Mackeral
CONSERVATION Decreasing Population • High vulnerability of extinction from fishing Low survival rate when released • Required billfish release if within 200 miles of U.S. coastline Longline Fishing • Caribbean Region • Over 1k tons taken by Japanese and Cuban fisherman
FAST FACTS Highly Migratory Largest Pacific • 1,376 lb. May 31, 1982 • Kaaiwai Point, Kona Largest Atlantic • 1,402 lb 2 oz. Feb 29, 1992 • Vitoria, Brazil Rumored 3,000 lb get-away Most fish over 300 lb - female
WORKS CITED “Anatomy of the Blue Marlin.” Blue Marlin 3 Charters – Sport Big Game Fishing – Hochsee Angeln – Sportvissen – Puerto Rico – Gran Canaria. Web. 7 Oct 2011. http://www.bluemarlin3.com/tbf/anatomy-bluemarlin.php. “Blue Marlins, Blue Marlin Pictures, Blue Marlin Facts – National Geographic.” Aniamals – Animal Pictures – Wild Animal Facts – Nat Geo Wild – National Geographic. Web. 9 Oct 2011. http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/blue-marlin. "Blue Marlins, Makaira Nigricans at MarineBio.org." MarineBio.org - Marine Biology, Ocean Life Conservation, Sea Creatures, Biodiversity, Oceans Research... Web. 27 Nov. 2011. http://marinebio.org/species.asp?id=386. “FLMNH Ichthyology Department: Blue Marlin.” Florida Museum of Natural History. Web. 8 Oct 2011. http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/gallery/descript/bluemarlin/bluemarlin.html. “Makaira Nigricans – Lacepede, 1802.” Iucnsis.org. Species Information Service. Web. 9 Oct 2011. https://sis.iucnsis.org/reports/draft/170314_0?empty=false&limited=true. Mazurek, Robert, and Jesse Marsh. "Seafood Watch - Seafood Report -Blue Marlin - Striped Marling - Hawaii Region." Monterey Bay Aquarium. 25 Apr. 2008. Web. 15 Oct. 2011. http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/cr_seafoodwatch/content/media/MBA_SeafoodWatch_HIStripedBlueMarlinReport.pdf. "The Biggest Marlin Ever Caught." Marlinmag. Ed. Staff. Bonnier Corporation, 07 Dec. 2010. Web. 25 Nov. 2011. http://www.marlinmag.com/species/fish- species/biggest-marlin-ever-caught. "Understanding Marlin Reproduction." LahainaNews.com | News, Information, Lahaina and Western Maui, Hawaii — Lahaina News. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. http://lahainanews.com/page/content.detail/id/500184/Understanding-marlin_reproduction.html?nav=21.