ProfileAntonin was born September 8, 1841 at Nelahozeves, Prague(Czech Republic) His parents are Frantisek and Anna and hewas the oldest of eight.Died May 1rst, 1904 in Prague due to Bright’s disease(Brights Disease is an older classification for different formsof kidney disease. It was named after Dr. Richard Bright, whodescribed the condition in the early 19th century.
After graduating from an organ school in Prague, hebegan writing his first composition at the age of 20.In the 1860’s, he played as a violist in BohemianProvisional Theater Orchestra and taught pianolessons,In 1873, he married Anna Cermakova, and had leftthe orchestra to pursue another career as a churchorganist. He wrote several compositions during thisperiod.His music attracted the interest of Johannes Brahms(a German composer and pianist), who assisted hiscareer; he was supported by the critic EduardHanslick.
From1892 to 1895, Dvořák was the director of the National Conservatory of Music inNew York City, at a then-staggering $15,000 annual salary. The Conservatory had beenfounded by a wealthy and philanthropic socialite, Jeannette ThurberDvořáks main goal in America was to discover "American Music" and engage init, much as he had used Czech folk idioms within his music.Over the course of three months in 1895, Dvořák wrote his Cello Concerto in B minor.However, problems with Thurber about his salary, together with increasing recognitionin EuropeDvořák and his wife left New York before the end of the spring term with no intention ofreturning. Dvořák, and his wife returned from the United States on April 27, 1895
Last yearsIn his last artistic period (from 1898 to 1904), hefocused mainly on opera. He created some ofhis most valuable operatic works, such as TheDevil and Kate (1898/99), Rusalka (1900) andArmida (1902/3).Dvořák died on May 1, 1904, following fiveweeks of illness, at the age of 63, leaving manyunfinished works.
Who is he?ComposerConductorTeacherHis later works reflected Brahmsian Classicism, Czech nationalist styleand American folk influences.He has honorary degrees from several prestigious universities includingCambridge University.He wrote symphonies, string quartets, operas, songs and pianomusic, among others.
Notable Works:His most famous work is the Ninth Symphony from the "NewWorld Symphony" Other works include "Te Deum," "CypressTrees" (song cycle), "First Symphony," "The Bells of Zlonice,""Alfred" (opera), "Hymnus" (cantata), "Third Symphony" (wonthe Austrian State Stipendium), "Stabat Mater," "String Quartetin F major," "The American," "Cello Concerto," "BiblicalSongs" and "Humoresque in G flat major.“
Why is Dvorak famous?Dvorak was skillful composer of theRomantic Era, and wrote quite abit of music he will be remembered forone of his symphonies, theSymphony #9 in E Minor iscommonly called the "New World"symphony. Some old editions of hisworks number this symphony as #5but it is properly #9.
Romantic music is a term describing a style of Western classical music that began inthe early 19th century.Romantic music attempted to increase emotional expression and power to describedeeper truths or human feelings, while preserving but in many cases extending theformal structures from the classical period, in others, creating new forms that weredeemed better suited to the new subject matter. RomanticRomantic music as a movement evolved from the formats, genres and musical ideasestablished in earlier periods, such as the classical period, and went further in the name ofexpression and syncretism of different art-forms with music. Romanticism does notnecessarily refer to romantic love, though that theme was prevalent in many workscomposed during this time period, both in literature, painting, or music. Romanticismfollowed a path that led to the expansion of formal structures for a composition set down orat least created in their general outlines in earlier periods, and the end-result is that thepieces are “understood” to be more passionate and expressive, both by 19th century andtoday’s audiences
Antonin Dvořáks Serenade for Strings in E major Op. 22,http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dOsB_E-k_2owas composed in just two weeks in May 1875. Itremains one of the composers more popularorchestral works to this day.Continued….
Composition and Premiere1875 was a fruitful year for Dvořáks composing. Thiswas the same year that he wrote his Symphony No.5, String Quintet No. 2, Piano Trio No. 1, the operaVanda, and the Moravian Duets. These were happytimes in his life. His marriage was young, and hisfirst son had been born. For the first time in hislife, he was starting to be recognized as acomposer, and was able to live stably without fear ofpoverty. He received a generous stipend from acommission in Vienna, which allowed him to composehis Fifth Symphony and several chamber works as wellas the Serenade.Allegedly, Dvořák wrote the Serenade in just 12days, from 3–14 May. The piece was premiered inPrague on 10 December 1876 by Adolf Czech and thecombined orchestras of the Czech and Germantheatres. It was published in 1877 in the composerspiano duet arrangement by Emanuel Starý in Prague.