WHAT IS POVERTY ?
Poverty is not having access to school and not knowing how to
Poverty is lack of shelter , lack of food .
Poverty is not having a job, is fear for the future, living one day at a
Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor.
Poverty is powerlessness, lack of representation and freedom
The truth is that poverty is an embarrsement for many rich indians.
Map showing where people are living in
india blow poverty line.
The problems of poverty in india
India is said to be another Asian economic superpower
after China./in India alone there are almost220.1 million
people living blow the poverty line that’s almost 25% of
the population truly staggering amount .
Poverty in India is not same everywhere from
perspective there is type of poverty , for eg:- states such
as Goa, Delhi and Punjab have relatively low poverty
ratios whereas 38% of the population of Bihar and
Orissa live below poverty line
India faces high burden of disease
because of lack of environmental sanitation
and safe drinking
poor living conditions, and limited
access to preventive and
curative health services
Lack of education, gender
inequality and explosive growth of population
contribute to increasing burden of disease
Full impact of the HIV epidemic and tobacco
related diseases is yet to be felt
Causes of Poverty in India
High & Illiterate population
Failure in reaching government policies to actual poor
Unemployment and underemployment, arising in part
from protectionist policies pursued till 1991 that
prevented high foreign investment.
About 60% of the population depends on agriculture
whereas the contribution of agriculture to the GDP is
High population growth rate, although
demographers generally agree that this is
a symptom rather than cause of poverty.
The caste system, under which
hundreds of millions of Indians were kept
away from educational, ownership, and
employment opportunities, and subjected
to violence for "getting out of line." British
rulers encouraged caste privileges and
customs, at least before the 20th century.
As of 2005, 85.7% of the
population lives on less than
$2.50 (PPP) a day.
the Planning Commission of
India has estimated that
27.5% of the population was
living below the poverty line
Between 1999 and 2008, the
annualized growth rates for Gujarat
(8.8%), Haryana (8.7%), or Delhi
(7.4%) were much higher than for
Bihar (5.1%), Uttar Pradesh (4.4%),
or Madhya Pradesh (3.5%).Poverty
rates in rural Orissa (43%) and rural
Bihar (41%) are higher than in the
world's poorest countries such as
A 2007 report by the state-run
National Commission for
Enterprises in the Unorganised
Sector (NCEUS) found that 25% of
Indians, or 236 million people, lived
on less than 20 rupees per day
Impact of Poverty in India
Several issues like hunger, illness and thirst are both causes
and Effects – for instance : not having water means you’re
poor,but being poor also means you can’t afford water or
The effects of poverty are most often interrelated so that one
hardly ever occurs alone. For instance bad sanitation makes
it easier spread
around old and new disease, and hunger and lack of water
more vulnerable to them.