India , Unexplored A general quiz 20th July 2012
• Standard Quizzing Rules• Credits to Wikipedia• 5 Difficulty levels – You cannot go for a higher difficulty level in direct if you have not answered previous level.• Scoring depends on question. Usually +10.• Quiz ends the moment all the questions of level 5 are open.
Q4.• X is notably known as Pakistans national dress and is traditionally associated with the Muslim aristocracy of the northern Indian subcontinent.• Before the independence of India and Pakistan, X was closely associated with founders of Aligarh Movement. Following Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, all the professors and students wore X. The name "Aligarh X" was also coined, inspired by the popularity of the design at Aligarh Muslim University.
Q5.• The X was a system of social administration and organization in the republics of Indian states since ancient times. It is a term for a social - political grouping and used in a geographical sense. These are found to be spread all the way from Northwest India down to Madhya Pradesh, Malwa, Rajasthan, Sindh, Multan, Punjab, Haryana, and modern Uttar Pradesh.• The institution has been critiqued as one in dire need of reinterpretation & adaptation, to the extent its integrity and basic structure remains totally uncompromised.• A 2011 Hindi film of the same name, starring Yuvika Chaudhary, Govind Namdeo, Manoj Pahwa and Mohnish Bahl was Directed by Ajai Sinha.
Q6.• According to a popular Bollywood legend, Sahir Ludhianawi was in love with Amrita Pritam. Her father didnt approve of their religion and economic status. He supposedly built a taller house in front of Amrita Pritams residence in Ludhiana to show her father that he could afford a house.• What did it supposedly inspire ?
Q7.• He started off as TV film producer producing a series of television serials in 90’s for Zee TV like Andaz and Amar Prem. He also composed the music for the title tracks of his TV serials.• He later went on to compose the title track for a 1998 Salman Khan starrer, however he was not credited (along with two other composers who composed the more famous tracks in the film) as Jatin Lalit were the official music directors.• This served as a starting point for an illustrious career where he went on to don many other caps. He also later recycled the title track of his TV serial for a film.• Name him.
Q8.• X was a female Hindu sage born in the Charan caste and is worshiped as the incarnation of the goddess Durga by her followers. She is an official deity of the royal family of Jodhpur and Bikaner.• During her lifetime, she laid the foundation stone of two of the important forts in Rajputana. She lived an ascetic life, and most of the temples dedicated to her were dedicated during her lifetime.• The most famous of her temples is the temple of Deshnoke,near Bikaner and Nokha,which was created following her mysterious disappearance from her home.• What is this temple famous for ?
Q9.• The __________ refer to a voluminous body of literature native to India concerning the previous births of the Buddha. These are the stories that tell about the previous lives of the Buddha, in both human and animal form.• The future Buddha may appear in them as a king, an outcast, a god, an elephant—but, in whatever form, he exhibits some virtue that the tale thereby inculcates.• The _________ were originally amongst the earliest Buddhist literature, with metrical analysis methods dating their average contents to around the 4th century BCE.
Q10.• Born as Rajkumar Alop, X appeared first in a seven comic series along with his friends Tureen (with whom he falls in love), Shootan and Atikrur. He killed his rival Fuchang who was responsible for death of his parents. He is a legendary winged warrior prince of a fictional fabled fairyland. He descended to earth on a private mission and landed in Vikasnagar, becoming a zealous defender of interests of Vikasnagar.• He can summon the X-Shakti, the power of his teacher, Mahaguru X.• This comics by Sanjay Gupta is hailed as the most successful ancient age superhero of Raj Comics.
Q11.• X is a city and a municipal board in Bhimnagar district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The original name of the city was "Chaand Si". It is said that the city was founded by Valmiki.• The city is known for mint oil, Ghee, Ganesh Chaturthi Julus and Gajak. It is also famous as Mini Vrindavan and hosts one of the major staff training institutes of Indian Railways.
Q12.• The early history of the _________ is the story of the customs and economic activities of the ___tribes. The people were originally referred to as X in Burmese languages, which means people with pierced ears.• Id the entity.• How are the people known as these days?
Q13.• X is the standard cuisine of the Konkan region of Maharashtra and Goa, and some northern parts of West Karnataka. Although it is an independent cuisine, it overlaps Maharashtrian cuisine and Goan cuisine. X’s name is derived from a town in the Sindhudurg district on the west coast of Maharashtra.• It uses coconut liberally in various forms such as grated, dry grated, fried, coconut paste and coconut milk.• Kombdi Vade , Mori Masala, Bangda Fry, Kaju Chi Aamti, Bombay Duck Fry and Khaproli are some of the famous dishes.• Give X.
Q14.• X, are a percussion instrument played by striking two discs attached by a tether together, often used within the traditions of Hinduism to accompany kirtana or sankirtan (the glorification of a deity or God through speech or song). They are commonly used by Hare Krishna devotees when performing Harinam.• Although often confused with Zils or Finger Cymbals, X bear more similarities to crotal or bells, being of a heavier construction and producing a purer tone.• Which musical instrument ?
Q15.• The prestigious "Charleville Hotel" built around 1870, provided the location and initial infrastructure for the entity X whose vision is “To promote good governance, by providing quality training towards building a professional and responsive service in a caring, ethical and transparent framework”.• There have been subsequent expansions and several new buildings have been constructed and others acquired over the years.
Q18• After IIT-Bombay and IIM-Ahmedabad, Cyrus Driver, the son of a fighter pilot, joined JP Morgan Partners in Mumbai and then in Singapore.• The idea for Calorie Care came to him after he noticed there were no healthy eating options in Mumbai. While he was in Singapore, Driver travelled back and forth for a year, mapping out a healthy food company with dieticians and nutritionists.• What is the USP of the company which makes them make a profit of over 100% of cost and is growing annually at 30% since 2005.
Q19.• She lives in Dublin, Ireland with her Husband, endocrinologist David Powell, whom she married in 1971.They have two children and five grandchildren.• Who is she and what is her claim to fame ?
A19.Reita Faria Powell ;the first Indian to win theMiss World title, in 1966.
Q20.• The year was 1988 and a young man by the name of Kunwer Sachdev was manufacturing cable TV Equipments. He had bought a certain equipment which would break down frequently.• Kunwer Sachdev took it apart and came to the conclusion that it was a shoddy example of messy engineering, with no thought given to quality or customer satisfaction.• Disturbed about it, he was determined to give India, the finest products based on the most advanced technologies. That was the genesis of X.• In collaboration with Kohler, X will bring into existence an all new Megapower Genset later this year.
Q21.• Connect : – Kargil War – Tribal Exploitation by Police – Narmada Bachchao Andolan – Bihari Revolutionary Poet – Gorakh Pandey – Aramaic word for praise - 93 Bombay bomb blasts
A21.• Indian Ocean. These were the themes of songs by Indian Ocean.• Kargil War – Kya Malool• Tribal Exploitation by Police - Boll Weevil• Narmada Bachchao Andolan – Maa Reva• Bihari Revolutionary Poet – Gorakh Pandey - Hille le• Aramaic word for praise - Kandissa• 93 Bombay bomb blasts – Ruk ja re Bande(Black Friday)
Q22• The Battle of the Hydaspes River was fought between X and Y on the banks of the Hydaspes River that resulted in a complete Macedonian victory and the annexation of the ____,which lay beyond the confines of the defeated Persian empire, into the Alexandrian Empire.• X‘s tactics to cross the monsoon-swollen river despite close surveillance to catch Ys army in the flank has been referred as one of his "masterpieces". Although victorious, it was also the most costly battle fought by the Macedonians.• The resistance put up by Y and his men won the respect of X who returned Y his kingdom.• Id X and Y . Fill blanks.
A22• X - Alexander the Great• Y - King Porus of the Hindu Paurava kingdom• Blanks = Punjab• Hydaspes is the Greek name for the Jhelum River.• The Battle of the Hydaspes River was fought by Alexander the Great in 326 BC against King Porus of the Hindu Paurava kingdom on the banks of Jhelum in the Punjab near Bhera in what is now modern-day Pakistan.• The Macedonian army refused to continue its march after an escape to victory from a small Punjabi kingdom and getting the news of inner Indian kingdoms of Gujarat and Haryana preparing for war.
Q23• Laxman Das was a Sikh Military Commander and martyr. He became part of struggle against the Mughal Empire in the early 18th century, after meeting Guru Gobind Singh. Guru Gobind Singh gave him the new name of X. He is best known for the sack of the Mughal provincial capital, Sirhind, and is revered as one of the most hallowed martyrs of the Khalsa.• His agrarian uprising against the Mughal administration in Punjab was a critical event in the development of the Dal Khalsa and the Sikh Misls, which eventually led to Ranjit Singh capturing Lahore in 1799 and establishing the Sikh Kingdom of the Punjab. After establishing his authority in Punjab, X abolished the zamindari system.• A memorial was opened recently in Mohali at a cost of Rs 35 crores.
Q24• It is a barrier island that separates the Pulicat Lake from the Bay of Bengal, and is home to the town of Pulicat.• The nearest town is Sullurpeta, which has the nearest railway station. It is 80 km (50 mi) from Chennai.• What is its claim to fame ?
A24• Sriharikota• It houses Indias only satellite launch centre in the Satish Dhawan Space .
Q25• X has its origins in the folklore of North India about a princess with incomparable beauty who was so delicate to weigh only as much as a flower.• This folklore took the shape of a drama then known as sangeets by the name, X Shehzadi ("The Story of Princess X"), soon it became so popular that the name became that of the genre itself.• Give me X .
Q27• It was written by Mallanaga _______ in the 2nd century CE. Although Richard Burton published the most widely known English translation, he was not the author of the translation, although he did provide footnotes and the introduction.• The bulk of the translation was performed by an Indian archaeologist, Bhagvanlal Indraji and civil servant Foster Fitzgerald Arbuthnot, with the assistance of a student, Shivaram Pashuram Bhide.• It is largely in prose, with 1250 verses, distributed in 36 chapters, which are further organized into 7 parts. It presents itself as a guide to a virtuous and gracious living that discusses the nature of love, family life and other aspects pertaining to pleasure oriented faculties of human life.• Which work ?
Q28• Be the Local tours and travels is a company run by locals of a place X, who realized that the attraction to visit X, The land of opportunity, has increased due to : – media glorification of the movie Y – projects given to architect students for redevelopment of X and also – good examples of small entrepreneurs that attract students from business schools.• They, therefore take this as a golden opportunity, to offer a service for people from all over the globe to come and visit our local neighborhood, X.• X and Y please.
Q29• It was an ancient city of Mithila, lying between the lower ranges of the Himalayas and the Ganges River,the Nepalese border cutting across the top fringe of this region.• It is assumed that the gates of the citys Qila were broken in 1326 AD when Tughlaks forces attacked the last independent North Indian Hindu king Harisinghdeva who ruled over North Bihar and most of Nepal.This is given as one reason for its name.• Another reason given is that it is the gateway to another neighboring region located in the eastern part of the Indian Subcontinent,which was a seafaring nation of Ancient India. Today,it is a twin city and a municipal corporation and the capital city of the district of the same name in Bihar.• Which city are we talking about?
Q30• The X is an ancient Indian treatise on the performing arts, encompassing theatre, dance and music. It was written during the period between 200 BC and 200 AD in classical India and is traditionally attributed to the Y, who was inspired by Brahma.• While it primarily deals with stagecraft, it has come to influence music, classical Indian dance, and literature as well. It covers stage design, music, dance, makeup, and virtually every other aspect of stagecraft.• He used pathya (words) from the Rigveda, abhinaya (gestures) from the Yajurveda, geet (music) from the Samaveda and rasa (emotions) from the Atharvaveda to form the Natyaveda (body of knowledge about dance).• Since he alone is the leader of the performance, taking on many roles, he is called Y, indicating that Y may be a generic name. It has been suggested that Y is an acronym for the three words :bhāva (mood), rāga (melodic framework), and tāla (rhythm).• X and Y please.
Q31• Mirakle is an award winning company founded by Mr. Dhruv lakra in 2009 as a for-profit social enterprise. The awards in its kitty include : – 2010: National Award for the Empowerment of People X - by the President of India. – 2009: Hellen Keller Award – for promoting the employment opportunities X. – 2009: Echoing Green Fellowship – Green Social enterprise with humanitarian goals. What is so special about it?
Q32• He read about the founding of Intel in Electronic Engineering Times at the age of 14 and this inspired him to pursue technology as a career.• In 2004,he formed his own firm, _____ Ventures, which focused on venture investments in various technology sectors, most notably clean technology.• He is also known for his witty but controversial statements, for example: "If it doesnt scale, it doesnt matter. Most of what we talk about today—hybrid, biodiesel, ethanol, solar photovoltaics, geothermal—I believe are irrelevant to the scale of the problem."• He was a major proponent of the "Yes on 87" campaign to pass California‘s Proposition 87, The Clean Energy Initiative, which failed to pass in November, 2006.• In 2006, his wife Neeru co-founded the CK-12 Foundation that aims to develop open source textbooks and lower the cost of education in America and the rest of the world. He and his wife are also donors to the Wikimedia Foundation, in the amount of $500,000.• Who is he ?
A32Vinod Khosla is an Indian-born Americanventure capitalist and an influentialpersonality in Silicon Valley.Khosla was one of the co-founders of SunMicrosystems, where he served as its firstCEO and Chairman in the early 1980s.In 1986, he became a general partner ofthe venture capital firm Kleiner PerkinsCaufield & Byers, where he remainedthrough the early 2000s.
Q33• It was founded in 1930 to support Free Press of India, a news agency that dispatched "nationalist" news to its subscribers. It was an independent newspaper supporting nationalist causes and it played a significant role in mobilising sympathetic public opinion during the independence movement.• Bal Thackeray and R. K. Laxman worked as cartoonists for the newspaper and were removed after a political dispute over Thackerays attacks on southern Indian immigration into Bombay and making fun at communists respectively.
Q35• He started dabbling in the brewing industry after 1982 and, in 2009, his company Yuksom Breweries, which has three breweries in Sikkim, Orissa and Assam and sells over three million cases, acquired Rhino Breweries in Assam, to thwart industry leader United Breweries (UB) plans to take over the North East market.• The most popular beer is Hit Beer. Id the famous Sikkim resident.
Q36• The P, as it is known today, was raised in 1773 at Benares, by then Governor General Warren Hastings, with a strength of 50 picked troopers and horses. This nucleus of the ____ was later augmented by another 50, provided by Raja Chet Singh of Benares, bringing the overall strength of the ____ up to 100 horses and men by the end of that year.• The establishment of the Regiment varied through the years, being augmented in times of war and it attained its maximum strength of 1929 all ranks, in the Army List of 1845, just prior to the First Sikh War. The P continued to be a select cavalry unit, primarily for the personal and battlefield security of the Q. The P has the unique distinction of being the only military unit in the Indian Army, privileged to carry the Qs Silver Trumpet and Trumpet banner.• P&Q.
Q37X (born 22 February 1922) is an Indian artist who has lived and worked in France since1950, but maintains strong ties with India.His works are mainly abstracts in oil or acrylic, with a very rich use of color, repletewith icons from Indian cosmology as well as its philosophy.He was awarded the PadmaShri and Fellowship of the Lalit Kala Akademi in 1981 and Padma Bhushan in 2007.He became Indias priciest modern artist on June 10, 2010 when a seminal work Y(below), by the 88-year-old sold for Rs 16.42 crore ($3,486,965) at a Christies auction.
Q38• In 1970, Late Mr. N Thanu, an eminent political cartoonist started with an idea.• Forty years later, they hold interest in lesser known companies such as Firstware Software Solutions (1996), B.School and CompuGen.• What was the well known idea ?
Q39• Legend has it that a rich Lucknowi nobleman once lost all his teeth, yet couldn’t give up his love for kababs. So he ordered his master chef to whip up a kabab that he could eat without missing his teeth, meaning, the kabab had to just melt in his mouth.• Mohammad Osman Haji started this now 100-year old enterprise with the special spices and ingredients that his ancestors had developed that were close to the gastronomic secrets of the kitchens of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. Haji was disabled and had only one arm.• What makes the _________ unique is the masala which is a zealously guarded family secret and prepared by women in the family. and is said to incorporate 160 spices.• The original is in the Chowk area of Aminabad,Lucknow. Which place?
Q40• X is a historical city in the state of Gujarat, in western India. It is located in Panchmahal district, 47 kilometres from the city of Vadodara. The city was briefly the capital of Gujarat.• It was founded by Vanraj Chavda, the most prominent king of the Chavda Dynasty, in the 8th century. He named it after the name of his friend and general _____. According to some other sources, X was built by Sultan Mehmood Shah Begara of Gujrat.• There is a concentration of largely unexcavated archaeological, historic and living cultural heritage properties cradled in an impressive landscape which includes prehistoric (chalcolithic) sites, a hill fortress of an early Hindu capital, and remains of the 16th century capital of the state of Gujarat.• X-Y Archaeological Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, inscribed in 2004
Q41• He spent part of his youth in London but returned to his homeland in 1957. After receiving primary and commencing secondary education at the Doon School in Dehradun in India, he returned to England to Tonbridge School.• He studied philosophy, politics, and economics at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, where he developed an interest in poetry and learned Chinese.• After leaving Oxford, he moved to California to work on a graduate degree in economics at Stanford University.• He now maintains residences near Salisbury, England, where he is a participant in local literary and cultural events, having bought and renovated the house of the Anglican poet George Herbert in 1996,and in Delhi, where he lives with his parents and keeps his extensive library and papers.• His younger brother, Shantum, leads Buddhist meditational tours. His younger sister, Aradhana, is a film-maker married to an Austrian diplomat, and has worked on Deepa Mehtas movies Earth and Fire.• Who ?
A41• Vikram Seth• Indian poet, novelist, travel writer, librettist, child ren‘s writer, biographer and memoirist.• Author of works like The Golden Gate ,A Suitable Boy, An Equal Music
Q42• The X at Y, is located within a spacious compound wall of laterite measuring 520 feet by 465 feet. The wall is 7 feet 6 inches thick and surmounted by a plain slant coping. Alongside the inner face of the boundary wall there runs a terrace probably meant to protect the compound wall against outside aggression.• The temple is more than 1100 years old, dating back in its present form to the last decade of the eleventh century, though there is evidence that parts of the temple have been there since sixth century CE as the temple has been emphasized in some of the seventh century Sanskrit texts. This is testimony to its sanctity and importance.• The temple is traditionally believed, though without historical authentication, to be built by the Somavanshi king Jajati Keshari, in 11th century CE.
Q43• Anjan Chatterji is a vegetarian bong, but loves to create non-vegetarian dishes in his chain of restaurants across India and Bangladesh.• Considered the most successful Indian restauranteur, he recently floated IPO of his group.• Identify the group and the most famous restaurant if the lesser knowns are Sigree , Haka , Flame & Grill , Shack and Kibbeh.
Q44• In Indian history and folklore, Raja X , in many parts of India is the hero of many folk stories in North India. He was the ruler of Ujjain in the 1st century BC, before renouncing the world and abdicating in the favor of his younger brother Vikramaditya and became a follower of Guru Gorakhnath and along with his nephew Gopi Chand went to the Gurus hill abode in northern Punjab.• Stories of X and his nephew King Gopi Chand of Bengal, who are considered Nath panth yogis, abound in the Indian folklore of Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chhatisgarh and West Bengal. Much of the details about the lives of X and his brother Vikramaditya are from the tales of Baital Pachisi, translated as Vikram and The Vampire by Sir Richard Francis Burton in 1870.• Raja X appears as a minor character in Neil Gaimans The Sandman: Worlds End and The Sandman: The Wake.
Q45• Neel Akasher Neechey is a 1959 Bengali language film directed by Mrinal Sen, starring Kali Bannerjee, Manju Dey, Bikash Roy and others.• Set in a certain background, the film explores the lives of a number of characters, including the platonic relationship between an immigrant Chinese wage worker, Wang Lu, and the main female character called Basanti.• The film had overt political overtones and was the first film to be banned by the Government of India. The ban was effective for two years.• What is the special background ?
Q46• In 1985, then district magistrate in Begusarai, he found there were several unsolved cases of firearms thefts. He purchased a DCM 10 computer, and wrote a database program to catalogue all firearms according to their make and unique code. In 30 days, he had managed to solve 22.• The reason he was chosen was because he has worked on several eGovernance projects in Bihar, programmes that are alive and kicking and have made a huge difference to the State.• In 2000 at the age of 45, this father of four wrote his GRE exams and went to the University of California to get a Masters in Computer Science.• He received the Prime Minister’s Award for Excellence in Public Administration in 2008. His last stint was as Jharkhand’s Principal Secretary (Public Health and Engineering).• Who/ What position does he hold currently ?
Q47.• X is a form of theatre traditionally performed in the state of Kerala, India. Performed in the Y in Hindu temples, it is believed to be 2,000 years old. It is officially recognised by UNESCO as a ‘Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity’.• Inscriptions related to the dramatized dance worship services like X and chakyar koothu are available in temples at Tanjore, Tiruvidaimaruthur, Vedaranyam, Tiruvarur, and Omampuliyur.• Some of the noted artists are Padma Shree guru Mani Madhava Chakyar, Padma Bhushan Ammannur Madhava Chakyar and Painkulam Raman Chakyar.• A more famous dance form Z is derived from X.
Q48• The _________ Rebellion was a peasant revolt which was later supported by the Communists that took place in the former princely state of Hyderabad between 1946 and 1951,led by the Communist Party of India. The revolt began in the Nalgonda district and quickly spread to the Warangal and Bidar districts. Peasant farmers and labourers revolted against the local feudal landlords (jagirdars and deshmukhs) and later against the Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII.• The initial aims were to do away with illegal and excessive exploitation meted out by these feudal lords in the name of bonded labour (Vetti Chakiri). The most strident demand was for all debts of the peasants to be written off.• The violent phase of the movement ended after the central government sent in the army. In 1951, the CPI shifted to a more moderate strategy of seeking to bring communism to India within the constraints of Indian democracy.
Q49• According to the Jahangir Nama, the emperor was impressed by the performance of certain performers from Bengal.• Their leader Krishna Chandra Dev was presented an entire village called Sutigram near Dhaka and the Dev family became the landlords of the village. Being landlords they were called _________ , a term that became their family name.• Currently, the eighth generation of this family still continues the tradition of entertainment.• ID the family and the tradition.
A49• Sarkar as in PC Sorcar.• Sarkar was a title initially used in the Mughal period to denote persons of political authority.• P.C. Sorcar was the stage name of Protul Chandra Sorcar, a famous magician active internationally throughout the 1950s and 1960s, performing his Indrajal show before live audiences and on television.• He was succeeded by sons Manick Sorcar,P.C. Sorcar, Jr., and P.C. Sorcar,Young. The current performers are from the eight generation.
Q50• X is an Indian American microbiologist, scientist, and researcher, most notable for his work in directed evolution and his role in developing a genetically engineered organism using plasmid transfer while working at GE.• He was granted a patent of Y by the U.S. Supreme Court (Diamond v. Chakrabarty), in a 5-4 decision, when it determined that – “A live, human-made micro-organism is patentable subject matter under [Title 35 U.S.C.] 101. Respondents micro-organism constitutes a "manufacture" or "composition of matter" within that statute.“• Some of his recognitions include : Padma Shri by the Government of India in 2007, Scientist of the Year award in 1975 by IRO of US and MERIT Award from NIH .• Give me X and Y.