Vladimir propp's and tzvetan todorov narrative theroy
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Vladimir propp's and tzvetan todorov narrative theroy

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Vladimir propp's and tzvetan todorov narrative theroy Vladimir propp's and tzvetan todorov narrative theroy Presentation Transcript

  • By Shivam Sharma 9H And Branahvan Rajasooriar 9S Tzvetan Todorov Vladimir Propp
  • Evidence of the five states of narrative throughout the film By Shivam Sharma 9H
  • What are the Five States of Narrative?
    • The five states of narrative is a general template for all traditional stories.
    • This idea was proposed by someone named Todorov and template for a story was:
      • A state of equilibrium (all is as it should be)
      • A disruption of that order by an event
      • A recognition of the disorder has occurred
      • An attempt to repair the damage of the disruption
      • A return or restoration of a new equilibrium
  • 1. A State of Equilibrium
    • This state of equilibrium becomes obvious after the ‘prologue’ where Nemo’s mother and all his kin are eaten by a barracuda (this may be the reason why Marvin is so protective of his only son).
    • After the prologue you see Nemo trying to wake up his father and is very excited about his first day of school.
    • They are happily living inside an anemone and seem very happy making jokes are having fun
  • 2. A Disruption of that Order by an Event
    • The disorder is obliviously when Nemo is captured by a scuba diver.
    • You learn later on that he is to be a pet for the scuba diver’s niece-who is known to kill fish as she ‘looks after them.’
    • After Marlin-Nemo’s father-sees the ‘butt’ (as referred to in the movie) start to leave he begins his frantic chase after his son.
  • 3. A Recognition of the Disorder has Occurred
    • The disorder is immediately recognised by Marlin as soon as he sees the boat leave with his son
    • As for the whole ocean, this disorder is heard of and passed around.
    • This encourages Marvin (and Dory) to look even harder for fish who heard about this event help point the pair in the right direction.
  • 4. An Attempt to Repair the Damage of the Disruption
    • The attempt is Marlin and Dory going on a ‘wild fish chase’ to find Nemo
    • Along the way they face many challenges and make new friends.
    • In the end they find Nemo and they all come out as better people.
      • Dory having no short term memory loss.
      • Marlin learning to let his son go and repairing their damaged relationship.
      • Nemo become braver and standing up to his dad
  • 5. A Return or Restoration of a New Equilibrium
    • A new equilibrium becomes obvious when you see Nemo’s second day of school
    • He arrives and he is now accepted, no longer bullied due to his ‘lucky fin’ and Marlin is making friends with the other parents.
    • Also at the end you see Dory- probably taking on the role of Nemo's stepmother- teaching the sharks that ‘fish are friends not food.’
    • This makes fish accept sharks as friendly beings and at the very end you see them actually in the school being taught by Dory. This shows a radical change representing a new equilibrium.
  • Evidence of Propp’s theory’s throughout the film By Branahvan Rajasooriar 9S
  • Propp’s Theory
    • Propp’s theory outlines all the characters in a traditional story. I will see how this applies to a modern day movie-Shrek
    • His theory:
      • Hero
      • Villain
      • Heroine
      • Father
      • Helper
      • Donor
      • Mentor
    Side Note: Within Shrek some characters may fill two roles and the ‘donor’ and ‘mentor’ or not present throughout this film.
  • The Hero
    • This is without doubt Shrek.
    • He seems ugly on the outside but has a heart of gold on the inside.
    • Our hero, Shrek, has to go and rescue the beautiful princess Fiona to regain the solitude of his swamp.
    • With his quest in mind he sets out to save the princess-a classic fairy tale, but with a twist. Shrek is an ogre!
  • The Villain
    • This is evidently Lord Farquardd.
    • This evil lord is the ruler of Duloc and has ruined Shrek’s solitude by dumping all the fairy tale creatures in Shrek’s swamp.
    • When Shrek comes to complain Farquardd chooses him as his champion and strikes a deal.
    • Shrek must save the beautiful princess Fiona, wishing to marry her and become king.
    • Although this is the deal struck Farquardd may have more sinister plans in mind.
  • The Heroine
    • The Heroine within this film is Fiona.
    • She is portrayed as a classic fairytale princess-locked in a tower, guarded by a dragon and must wait for her ‘Prince Charming’ to come and save her.
    • Although this is true Fiona harbours a dark secret that surfaces at sundown-she turns into an ogre!
  • The Father
    • The father is a bit complicated.
    • Within this film it is actually Farquardd.
    • The terms of the deal struck between Shrek and Farquardd are , if Shrek manages to get Fiona Farquardd will clear Shrek’s swamp of fairy tale creatures.
    • This shows how Farquardd is offering a prize for completion of a quest, so therefore his is ‘the father; within Shrek.
  • The Helper
    • The helper is probably the most well known character-iiitttttt’s Don-key!
    • Within the film donkey provides help to Shrek and aids him upon his quest, acting like a sidekick.
  • By Shivam Sharma 9H And Branahvan Rajasooriar 9S