Chapter1 9 12


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Chapter1 9 12

  1. 1. Chapter1Elizabeth Lytle, MPH, BSN, RNLos Altos School DistrictYour Invitation to aHealthy FutureShirley Treanor additions &
  2. 2. Defining Health• WebsterWebster’s Dictionary’s Dictionary• “the condition of being sound in body, mindand spirit…..freedom from physical diseaseor pain.”• World Health OrganizationWorld Health Organization• “a state of complete physical, mental, andsocial well-being, not merely the absence ofdisease or infirmity.”
  3. 3. Create Your Definition Of HealthSome characteristics of healthPositive, optimistic outlookSense of control, able to relaxEnergy and vitalitySupportive social networkPersonally satisfying job or endeavorHow do you define being of sound of body,mind and spirit?
  4. 4. Wellness Further Enhances Your HealthWellness is purposeful, enjoyable livingWhat itlooks likeDecision to move to optimal healthWay of life to reach potentialDeveloping awareness that healthand happiness are possible nowIntegration of mind, body, spiritBelief that actions influencepersonal health and health of world
  5. 5. Six Dimensions Of Health
  6. 6. Three Major Areas Of Health DisparityIncomeLevelPrimary reason for minority healthdisparities is povertyPoor receive worse careRaceDramatic differences in disease, deathrates and injury between racesSex/GenderMay have greater impact than any othervariableBiological, social, behavioral factors andhealth habits differ between sexes
  7. 7. Many ways men and women are different
  8. 8. Healthy People 2020Six of the 2020 Health Goals for Americans1. Prevent weight gain2. Increase recent smoking cessation3. Increase condom use and abstention in youth4. Reduce misuse of prescription drugs5. Increase cardiovascular health6. Reduce sport and recreation injuries
  9. 9. Health Risks Increase In Young AdulthoodSerious health threats peak in young adulthood• Substance abuse• Sexually transmitted infections• Homicide• Motor vehicle crashesOther health risks also increaseEating fast food Not exercisingBeing obese SmokingNot visiting doctor Binge drinking
  10. 10. Risk Reduction By Age GroupGoals for individuals 19-39 years of age• Practice safety on the roads• Wear seat belts, bicycle helmets, not drivingafter drinking, observing traffic rules• Establish preventative lifestyle habits• Quit smoking, abstain from psychoactive drugs,use alcohol in moderation, adhere to a sounddiet, exercise, manage stress and cultivatemental health, practice safe sex, visit the doctorregularly, keep up on your immunizations, avoidenvironmental pollutants, and practice wiseconsumerism
  11. 11. Exercise
  12. 12. Exercise
  13. 13. Exercise
  14. 14. Exercise
  15. 15. Exercise
  16. 16. Accidents happen! Take care….
  17. 17. Safety Measures
  18. 18. Preventative Lifestyle MeasuresDon’t Smoke
  19. 19. Immunizations
  20. 20. Risk Reduction By Age GroupGoals for individuals 40-64 years of ageGoals for individuals 40-64 years of ageContinue the preventative measuresrecommended for the 19-39 age groupFocus on specific lifestyle habits• Keep exercising, including cardiovascular,strengthening and flexibility exercises.• Continue to eat nutritionally with modifications.• Pay even more attention to medicalmaintenance, blood pressure screening,cholesterol tests, Pap tests, and sigmoidoscopyand diabetes screening.
  21. 21. 40-64 years of age
  22. 22. Risk Reduction By Age GroupGoals for individuals 65 and olderGoals for individuals 65 and olderFocus on specific lifestyle habits• Keep exercising, includingcardiovascular, strengthening andflexibility exercises.• Adjust the diet, if necessary.• Step up medical maintenance further.• Preserve mental health.
  23. 23. Health Prevention And ProtectionPreventionInformation to help healthy peopleidentify risks, reduce stressors,prevent potential medicalproblems and enhance well-beingProtectionMaking risky behavior safer toprevent injury or unwanted risks
  24. 24. Evaluate Health WebsitesWho created it?When was it last updated?Are there references?Is the author qualified?Is there a potential bias?
  25. 25. Table 1-1 p16
  26. 26. Medical Claims Can Be MisleadingEvaluate claims by asking questions:Who are the scientists involved?Where did they report their findings?Is information a testimonial?Are ‘amazing, secret, or quick’ used?Are they trying to sell something?
  27. 27. p19
  28. 28. By graduation, 1 in 4 studentshas at least one major risk factorfor Diabetes, MetabolicSyndrome or Heart Disease
  29. 29. Four Life-Extending Behaviors1. Not smoking2. Eating lots of fruits and vegetables3. Exercising regularly4. Drinking alcohol in moderation
  30. 30. Health Behavior Change Is PossibleThree Factors Influence Health Behavior1. Predisposing factors2. Enabling factors3. Reinforcing factors
  31. 31. Factors that shape positive behavior
  32. 32. Transtheoretical Model of ChangeStages ofChangeSix stages which are not linearin sequence – often repeatand cycle throughProcesses ofChangeCognitive and behavioralactivities that facilitate changeSelf-EfficacyConfidence and ability to copewith change
  33. 33. Stages And Processes Of Change
  34. 34. Confidence Influences SuccessYour belief that you can change influences thelikelihood of your successStrongBeliefApply more energy to changeMore likely to persist to changeLow self-beliefResigned to stress and feelinghelplessMore likely to give up