Chapter1Elizabeth Lytle, MPH, BSN, RNLos Altos School DistrictYour Invitation to aHealthy FutureShirley Treanor additions &
Defining Health• WebsterWebster’s Dictionary’s Dictionary• “the condition of being sound in body, mindand spirit…..freedom from physical diseaseor pain.”• World Health OrganizationWorld Health Organization• “a state of complete physical, mental, andsocial well-being, not merely the absence ofdisease or infirmity.”
Create Your Definition Of HealthSome characteristics of healthPositive, optimistic outlookSense of control, able to relaxEnergy and vitalitySupportive social networkPersonally satisfying job or endeavorHow do you define being of sound of body,mind and spirit?
Wellness Further Enhances Your HealthWellness is purposeful, enjoyable livingWhat itlooks likeDecision to move to optimal healthWay of life to reach potentialDeveloping awareness that healthand happiness are possible nowIntegration of mind, body, spiritBelief that actions influencepersonal health and health of world
Six Dimensions Of Health
Three Major Areas Of Health DisparityIncomeLevelPrimary reason for minority healthdisparities is povertyPoor receive worse careRaceDramatic differences in disease, deathrates and injury between racesSex/GenderMay have greater impact than any othervariableBiological, social, behavioral factors andhealth habits differ between sexes
Many ways men and women are different
Healthy People 2020Six of the 2020 Health Goals for Americans1. Prevent weight gain2. Increase recent smoking cessation3. Increase condom use and abstention in youth4. Reduce misuse of prescription drugs5. Increase cardiovascular health6. Reduce sport and recreation injuries
Health Risks Increase In Young AdulthoodSerious health threats peak in young adulthood• Substance abuse• Sexually transmitted infections• Homicide• Motor vehicle crashesOther health risks also increaseEating fast food Not exercisingBeing obese SmokingNot visiting doctor Binge drinking
Risk Reduction By Age GroupGoals for individuals 19-39 years of age• Practice safety on the roads• Wear seat belts, bicycle helmets, not drivingafter drinking, observing traffic rules• Establish preventative lifestyle habits• Quit smoking, abstain from psychoactive drugs,use alcohol in moderation, adhere to a sounddiet, exercise, manage stress and cultivatemental health, practice safe sex, visit the doctorregularly, keep up on your immunizations, avoidenvironmental pollutants, and practice wiseconsumerism
Accidents happen! Take care….
Preventative Lifestyle MeasuresDon’t Smoke
Risk Reduction By Age GroupGoals for individuals 40-64 years of ageGoals for individuals 40-64 years of ageContinue the preventative measuresrecommended for the 19-39 age groupFocus on specific lifestyle habits• Keep exercising, including cardiovascular,strengthening and flexibility exercises.• Continue to eat nutritionally with modifications.• Pay even more attention to medicalmaintenance, blood pressure screening,cholesterol tests, Pap tests, and sigmoidoscopyand diabetes screening.
40-64 years of age
Risk Reduction By Age GroupGoals for individuals 65 and olderGoals for individuals 65 and olderFocus on specific lifestyle habits• Keep exercising, includingcardiovascular, strengthening andflexibility exercises.• Adjust the diet, if necessary.• Step up medical maintenance further.• Preserve mental health.
Health Prevention And ProtectionPreventionInformation to help healthy peopleidentify risks, reduce stressors,prevent potential medicalproblems and enhance well-beingProtectionMaking risky behavior safer toprevent injury or unwanted risks
Evaluate Health WebsitesWho created it?When was it last updated?Are there references?Is the author qualified?Is there a potential bias?
Table 1-1 p16
Medical Claims Can Be MisleadingEvaluate claims by asking questions:Who are the scientists involved?Where did they report their findings?Is information a testimonial?Are ‘amazing, secret, or quick’ used?Are they trying to sell something?
By graduation, 1 in 4 studentshas at least one major risk factorfor Diabetes, MetabolicSyndrome or Heart Disease
Four Life-Extending Behaviors1. Not smoking2. Eating lots of fruits and vegetables3. Exercising regularly4. Drinking alcohol in moderation
Health Behavior Change Is PossibleThree Factors Influence Health Behavior1. Predisposing factors2. Enabling factors3. Reinforcing factors
Factors that shape positive behavior
Transtheoretical Model of ChangeStages ofChangeSix stages which are not linearin sequence – often repeatand cycle throughProcesses ofChangeCognitive and behavioralactivities that facilitate changeSelf-EfficacyConfidence and ability to copewith change
Stages And Processes Of Change
Confidence Influences SuccessYour belief that you can change influences thelikelihood of your successStrongBeliefApply more energy to changeMore likely to persist to changeLow self-beliefResigned to stress and feelinghelplessMore likely to give up