Nagata Laboratory, Waseda University Graduate School of Environment and Energy Engineering“Eco-conscious design” for print...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                        Self-introduction “처음 뵙겠어요”   1. Date of birth  ...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                        Self-introduction “반갑습니다”   5. Extra activities ...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                   Self-introduction “잘 부탁드립니다”7. Academic paper1) Hirok...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                                     Agenda   1. Improving printed produ...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                1. Eco-conscious printed products     Definition of Eco-c...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute     1. Eco-conscious printed products (cont’d)     Case study: Polyprop...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute     1. Eco-conscious printed products (cont’d)     Case study: Polyprop...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute     1. Eco-conscious printed products (cont’d)     Case study: Polyprop...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute     1. Eco-conscious printed products (cont’d)     New idea to promote ...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                        2. Reforming current PCR         Select only 10-...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute              2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)         Points of modify...
1.Substrate (paper/plastic)                                 2. Trans. for Substrate (trucks/rail/surface/air)Shimizu Print...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute               2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)      Accuracy of new PC...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute              2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)      Accuracy of new PCR...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                  2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)      Accuracy of new...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                  2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)      Accuracy of new...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute              2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)         Conclusion of ne...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute              2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)         Current PCR: The...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute              2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)      The difference by EF...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute              2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)         The difference by...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute              2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)      The difference by ca...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute              2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)      The difference by ca...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute              2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)         Conclusion of cu...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute              2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)         Magnitude of fluc...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute              2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d)      CFP trial (16-page ...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                        3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD         PGG-CLOUD is ...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Detailed 7-key fe...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Any kind of devic...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Sele...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         RM: Case study “I...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Subs...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)          RM: Emission Fac...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         RM: “Piece of inv...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Mate...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)                RM: ...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Ink ...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         RM: Calculation p...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Ink ...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         RM: Check distanc...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Wate...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         RM: Scale factor ...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Addi...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         RM: Breakout of d...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Prin...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         RM: Conversion of...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Desi...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute            3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)          RM: Actual moni...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Comp...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute            3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)          RM: Actual moni...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Pres...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         RM: Break out of ...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Post...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute            3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)          RM: Actual moni...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Deli...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)          RM: Weight calcu...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Wast...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         RM: Recalculation...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: Recy...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         RM: Recalculation...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         Calculation: CO2e...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         For marketing too...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)         For marketing too...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)      For sensitivity anal...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute           3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d)      Sensitivity analysis...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                                     Summary         Utilization of quan...
Waseda University Environmental Research Institute                        “고마웠습니다”             Thank you for your attentio...
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"Eco-conscious design" for printed matters

  1. 1. Nagata Laboratory, Waseda University Graduate School of Environment and Energy Engineering“Eco-conscious design” for printed products Multilateral approaches for printing to go greener Dr. SHIMIZU, Hirokazu President, SHIMIZU PRINTING INC. Visiting Senior Researcher, Waseda University Environmental Research InstituteExpert, ISO130 (Graphic technology) WG11(Environmental impact of graphic technology) 1
  2. 2. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute Self-introduction “처음 뵙겠어요” 1. Date of birth • May 19th, 1967 2. Qualification • Specialist on UV printing technology of graphic arts • Specialist on Life-cycle approach (LCA, LCC, MFCA..and etc.) 3. Pioneering achievements • Development of “UV Waterless High-Definition” printing method • Schematization of “Printing service LCA and LCCO2” 4. Award • “UV Waterless High-definition” printing, Encouraging Prize by Japanese Society of Printing Science and Technology in 2011 • “Establishment of quantitative assessment for printing service”, Best Paper Award by Japanese Society of Printing Science and Technology in 2010 • “Establishment of Printing service LCA to propose environment- conscious solution”, Chairman’s Award (2nd best) by 6th LCA Japan Forum in 2010Shimizu Printing Inc. 2
  3. 3. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute Self-introduction “반갑습니다” 5. Extra activities (present) • Visiting Senior Researcher, Waseda University Environmental Research Institute (早稲田大学環境総合研究センター) • Expert (Thailand), ISO130 (Graphic technology) WG11 (Environmental impact assessment of graphic technology) • Policy Adviser for SMEs at Japan Chamber of Commerce • Committee, Energy and Nuclear Committee at Japan Chamber of Commerce • Committee, Environment Committee at Tokyo Chamber of Commerce • Supervisor, Joint research project for CFP of printed products with Chulalongkorn University in Thailand 6. Extra activities (past) • Committee, Renewable energy buy-out committee at Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry • Committee, Product Category Rule for Carbon Footprint of Products Committee at Japan Federation of Printing IndustryShimizu Printing Inc. 3
  4. 4. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute Self-introduction “잘 부탁드립니다”7. Academic paper1) Hirokazu  Shimizu,  Katsuya  Nagata,  and  Aran  Hansuebsai.  2012.  Comparisons  of   Paper-‐‑‒book  and  E-‐‑‒book  by  the  scale  of  carbon  footprint.  Proceedings  of  The  Asian   Symposium  on  Printing  Technology:  39-‐‑‒442) Hirokazu  Shimizu,  Katsuya  Nagata,  and  Aran  Hansuebsai.  2011.  Integrated  Life   cycle  Assessment  (LCA)  for  Printing  Service  in  an  emerging  country.  Proceedings   of  EcoDesign  2011  International  Symposium:  283-‐‑‒2883) Hirokazu  Shimizu,  and  Katsuya  Nagata.  2010.  Integrated  Life  cycle  Assessment   (LCA)  Approach  for  Printing  Service  by  Using  Environmental  Load  Point  (ELP)   Method.  Journal  of  Printing  Science  and  Technology  47  (3):  39-‐‑‒474) Hirokazu  Shimizu,  and  Katsuya  Nagata.  2010.  Comparison  of  Life-‐‑‒cycle  CO2   emissions  for  Paper-‐‑‒Based  Books  and  Electronic  Books.  Journal  of  Printing  Science   and  Technology  47  (2):  19-‐‑‒295) Hirokazu  Shimizu.  2009.  Establishment  of  quantitative  assessment  for  Printing   Service.  Journal  of  Printing  Science  and  Technology  46  (6):  26-‐‑‒35Shimizu Printing Inc. 4
  5. 5. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute Agenda 1. Improving printed products to be “Eco-conscious” by quantitative method, not by qualitative method • Definition of Eco-conscious products • Case study of plastic document file for Eco Product 2012 • New idea to promote printed products 2. Reforming current calculation standard (Product Category Rule) to be wide-spread for SMEs • Promotion of new calculation standard for printing • Accuracy of existing calculation standard for printing • Magnitude of calculation accuracy for new/existing standards 3. Utilizing “Printing Goes Green CLOUD (PGG-CLOUD)” to quantify environmental impact by the scale of CO2 • Primary data and secondary data collection • Actual operation • Next step to evaluate by different impact categoriesShimizu Printing Inc. 5
  6. 6. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 1. Eco-conscious printed products Definition of Eco-conscious printed products: The printed products which have “shining- star quality” in terms of environment related issues backed by quantitative assessment (not by touchy-feely opinion, but by numerical numbers)Shimizu Printing Inc. 6
  7. 7. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 1. Eco-conscious printed products (cont’d) Case study: Polypropylene-made document file Use application: Ad. tool for Eco Products 2012 Copies: 2000 Material: Polypropylene Press: Bk+C+M+Y+W+Bk+C+M+Y+OP varnish Post-press: Die-cut, glue Normal practice: PP 0.20mm is used Best practice: PP 0.15mm is used How much can “Best practice” be improved by by the scale of CO2 emission?Shimizu Printing Inc. 7
  8. 8. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 1. Eco-conscious printed products (cont’d) Case study: Polypropylene-made document file PP 0.20mm thickness PP 0.15mm thickness m m Δ=PP0.15-PP0.20 5 # Item kg-CO2e % kg-CO2e % kg-CO2e Δ% 1 Substrate 220.345 44.8% 165.259 39.3% -55.086 -25.0% 2 Ink & varnish 7.607 1.5% 7.607 1.8% - - 3 Printing plate 62.913 12.8% 62.913 15.0% - - 4 Additives 0.090 0.0% 0.090 0.0% - - 5 Other materials 1.291 0.3% 1.291 0.3% - - 6 Design/Editing 15.581 3.2% 15.581 3.7% - - 7 CtP 9.516 1.9% 9.516 2.3% - - 8 Press 79.002 16.1% 79.002 18.8% - - 9 Postpress 22.813 4.6% 22.813 5.4% - -10 Water 0.000 0.0% 0.000 0.0% - -11 Delivery 4.660 0.9% 4.414 1.1% -0.246 -5.3% 12 Waste from household and factory 67.280 13.7% 51.120 12.2% -16.160 -24.0% 13 Recycle from household 0.000 0.0% 0.000 0.0% - - 14 Recycle from factory 0.945 0.2% 0.756 0.2% -0.189 -20.0% Total 492.043 100.0% 420.363 100.0% -71.680 -14.6% Per copy 0.246 0.210Shimizu Printing Inc. 8
  9. 9. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 1. Eco-conscious printed products (cont’d) Case study: Polypropylene-made document file kg-CO2e 500 Recycle from f -14.6% Recycle from h Waste from h&f Delivery 375 Water Postpress Press CtP 250 Design/Editing Other materials Additives 125 Printing plate Ink PP 0.20mm Substrate 0Shimizu Printing Inc. PP 0.15mm 9
  10. 10. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 1. Eco-conscious printed products (cont’d) New idea to promote Eco-conscious printed products -20% D A AA AAA Economical factor (¥) -15% D B A AA -10% D C B A -5% D D D D -5% -10% -15% -20% Environmental factor (CO2)Shimizu Printing Inc. 10
  11. 11. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR Select only 10-item for simplification (1)Substrate NOT calculated 5% cut-off rule/Guess-work for primary data (2)Transportation for substrate (3)Ink & varnish Water (dampening solution) Additive (dampening solution) (4)Transportation for Ink & varnish (5)Plate (waterless printing) (6)Transportation for Plate Prepress(editing, designing, CtP) (7)Printing process (waterless printing) (8)Post-press process Material (glue, stitch...) (9)Distribution Wrapping material for delivery (10)Waste & RecycleShimizu Printing Inc. 11
  12. 12. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) Points of modifying current PCR I. Calculation method is standardized to “cumulative” II. Modeling for thickness of ink/varnish III. Electricity usage = Rated output × fixed loading factor IV. Loading percentage of truck is fixed at 50% V. Calculate incineration by coated layer of paper only VI. Printed products only by waterless printing method VII.Avoid “scenario setting” of key itemsShimizu Printing Inc. 12
  13. 13. 1.Substrate (paper/plastic) 2. Trans. for Substrate (trucks/rail/surface/air)Shimizu Printing Inc. Raw material acquisition 3.Ink & varnish (conv./UV ink, OP varnish, Coating varnish) 4.Trans. for Ink & varnish (trucks/rail/surface/air) 5.Plate (for waterless printing)13 Points of modifying current PCR 6.Trans. for Plate (trucks/rail/surface/air) 7.Printing process (electricity for machines, lighting, air-cond.) Production 8.Postpress process (electricity for machines, lighting, air-cond.) 9.Delivery (excluding packing materials) 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) Distribution 10.Waste from household, Recycle from factory and household Waste/ Waseda University Environmental Research Institute Recycle
  14. 14. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) Accuracy of new PCR for Printing by case studies (Paper package for DVD) 100000 copies 0 30000 copies 10000 copies 5000 copies c 500 copies c# Item kg-CO2e % kg-CO2e % kg-CO2e % kg-CO2e % kg-CO2e %1 Substrate 2104.4 69.6 701.4 64.3 300.6 58.5 200.4 52.5 110.2 41.62 Trans. for Subs. 207.6 6.9 69.2 6.3 29.7 5.8 19.8 5.2 10.9 4.13 Ink&varnish 55.3 1.8 18.5 1.7 17.9 1.5 5.3 1.4 2.9 1.14 Trans. for Ink&varnish 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.05 Plate 36.2 1.2 36.2 3.3 36.2 7.0 36.2 9.5 36.2 13.76 Trans. for Plate 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.07 Printing process 170.6 5.6 85.3 7.8 42.6 8.3 42.6 11.2 42.6 16.18 Postpress process 180.2 6.0 58.4 5.4 21.3 4.1 13.4 3.5 7.0 2.69 Delivery 25.9 1.0 11.4 1.0 3.8 0.7 1.9 0.5 0.2 0.110 Waste & Recycle 193.6 6.4 61.4 5.6 23.6 4.6 14.2 3.7 5.8 2.2- Others 51.3 1.7 48.8 4.5 48.2 9.4 47.9 12.5 49.1 18.5 Total 3025.4 100.0 1090.8 100.0 514.0 100.0 381.8 100.0 265.0 100.0 Per copy 0.030 - 0.036 - 0.051 - 0.076 - 0.530 -Shimizu Printing Inc. 14
  15. 15. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) Accuracy of new PCR for Printing by case studies (Paper package for DVD) 100% Others Waste & Recycle Delivery 75% Postpress process Printing process Trans. for Plate 50% Plate Trans. for Ink&varnish Ink&varnish 25% Trans. for Subs. Substrate 100000 30000 10000 5000 0%Shimizu Printing Inc. 500 15
  16. 16. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) Accuracy of new PCR for Printing by case studies (Flyer from 300-500,000) other items 10 items % 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 300 20 500 1000 10 1000 2000 2000 3300 5000 5000 0 5000 10000 10000 10000 10000 15000 20000 30000Shimizu Printing Inc. 16 500000
  17. 17. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) Accuracy of new PCR for Printing by case studies (Booklet from 410-500,000) other items 10 items % 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 410 500 1000 10 1300 2000 2000 2400 2700 4000 4500 5000 0 5000 9500 10000 10000 18000 18000 30000Shimizu Printing Inc. 50000 17 100000
  18. 18. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) Conclusion of new PCR accuracy Carbon calc. by 10-selected item Package 1.7% ~ 18.5% of “Others” by Shimizu Printing Flyer 2.8% ~ 22.6% of “Others” by 18 cases (JWPA) Booklet 0.8% ~ 32.2% of “Others” by 60 cases (JWPA) New PCR has “missing piece” of carbon calc. result Current PCR can provide absolute carbon calc. result?Shimizu Printing Inc. 18
  19. 19. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) Current PCR: The difference by emission factor of paper (1) Magazine, 210mm*297mm, 4P+44P, 4000copies (2) Coated card for cover, 210gsm, UV4C+PP lamination (3) Light coated paper for text, 127.9gsm, UV4C/UV4C (4) EF of text is calculated by weighting 6 factories (48.2%) (5) Max. EF=1.419kg-CO2e/kg, Min.=0.704kg-CO2e/kg (6) Weighted EF=1.197kg-CO2e/kg (7) Sensitivity analysis by different EF of Light coated paper (8) What I use for text is Avg./Max./Min.? Reference:JLCA-LCA database 2012yr.1st editionShimizu Printing Inc. 19
  20. 20. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) The difference by EF of paper (Magazine, 4000 copies) kg-CO2e +7.1% 2250 Recycle Waste 2000 Delivery -21.5% Water 1750 1384.94 1541.192 Postpress 1500 Press CtP 1250 Design/Editing 1000 913.137 Additives 750 Plate Avg. E.F. 500 Ink Max. E.F. 250 Paper 0Shimizu Printing Inc. Min. E.F. 20
  21. 21. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) The difference by calc. method (1) Paper package for DVD, 130mm*130mm*9mm, 100,000copies (2) Coated cardboard, 360gsm, UV4C+UVOP varnish (3) EF is calculated by weighting 4 factories (86.8%) (4) Calculated based on Cumulative method for 1,000-100,000 (5) Calculated based on Allocation method for 1,000-100,000 (allocation basis is based on paper input) (6) Current PCR allows printers to utilize both methods (7) Who can consider the difference between two methods?Shimizu Printing Inc. 21
  22. 22. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) The difference by calc. method (Paper package for DVD) Cumulative Allocation % (Allocation/ Copies g-CO2e/copy g-CO2e/copy Cumulative) 1000 276.075 223.708 81.0 2500 126.353 113.372 89.7 5000 76.362 71.132 93.2 7500 59.739 59.276 99.2 10000 51.398 53.349 103.8 20000 41.328 44.457 107.6 30000 36.359 41.493 114.1 40000 33.880 40.011 118.1 50000 32.389 39.122 120.8 60000 32.199 38.530 119.7 70000 31.375 38.106 121.5 80000 31.291 37.789 120.8 90000 30.811 37.542 121.8 100000 30.254 37.344 123.4Shimizu Printing Inc. 22
  23. 23. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) The difference by calc. method (Paper package for DVD)300250200 Cumulative Allocation150100 50 0 1000 2500 5000 7500 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000 80000 90000 100000Shimizu Printing Inc. 23
  24. 24. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) Conclusion of current PCR accuracy Carbon calc. by different EFs +7.1% ~ -21.5% compared to avg. data Carbon calc. by different calc. methods +23.4% ~ -19.0% compared to cumulative method Current PCR has certain range of carbon calc. result No absolute number from carbon calculationShimizu Printing Inc. 24
  25. 25. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) Magnitude of fluctuation by new/current PCR Min. Max. % Current PCR 130 123.4 97.2 107.1 99.2 97.5 77.4 78.5 67.8 81 65 32.5 10-item(flyer) 10-item(Booklet) Paper EF 0 Allo./Cum.Shimizu Printing Inc. 25
  26. 26. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 2. Reforming current PCR (cont’d) CFP trial (16-page booklet, 2000 copies) by 7-printer from JWPA Item Shimizu A B C D E FMaterial 2.90E-01 2.90E-01 2.90E-01 2.80E-01 2.80E-01 2.90E-01 2.80E-01Production 6.80E-02 7.30E-02 8.50E-02 3.10E-02 2.40E-02 4.10E-02 3.10E-02Delivery 3.30E-02 3.30E-02 3.30E-02 3.30E-02 3.40E-02 3.40E-02 3.30E-02Use 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00Disposal/Recycle 1.30E-02 1.00E-02 1.00E-02 1.20E-02 1.30E-02 1.30E-02 1.20E-02 TTL (kg-CO2e/copy) 4.00E-01 4.06E-01 4.18E-01 3.60E-01 3.50E-01 3.80E-01 3.60E-01% comparison in group - 98.5% 101.5% 100.0% 97.2% 104.9% 100.0% Avg. in group 4.00E-01 4.12E-01 E 3.60E-01 E (kg-CO2e/copy)*New PCR for “Printed products for waterless printing” was certified in Sep. 2012*Cost of CFP logo on PR tool for Eco Product 2012 should be minimized*Calculation results should be in +-5% range to utilize averaged figure*Carbon calculation by 7-printer, then categorized into 3 groups based on the results*Applying for CFP by group is effective to reduce application fee for SMEsShimizu Printing Inc. 26
  27. 27. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD PGG-CLOUD is developed for... Assisting printers to work on carbon calculation to get jobs For carbon footprinting / carbon offsetting Following “print-buyers at the leading edge” to defend jobs For transformation of people’s subconsciousShimizu Printing Inc. 27
  28. 28. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Detailed 7-key feature are... Calculating based on “clouding” Calculating based on English/Japanese/Thai...etc. Calculating by cumulative/allocation method Calculating “full range of life cycle” Calculating material input/output precisely Calculating by massive database Calculating results are summary/detailed (2-type)Shimizu Printing Inc. 28
  29. 29. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Any kind of devices if it can access to internet Computers Tablets Smart phonesShimizu Printing Inc. 29
  30. 30. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: Select a jobShimizu Printing Inc. 30
  31. 31. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Case study “Introduction to Hangul” Size: A5 (210mm*148.5mm) Page: 4P+112P Copy: 10,000 copies Jacket: Coated paper, 157.0gsm, 2500+500sheets, 4-color+PP lamination Cover: Fine paper, 157.0gsm, 1250+250sheets, 1-color Text: Fine paper, 104.7gsm, 35000+1000sheets, 2-color on both sides Binding: Perfect bindingShimizu Printing Inc. 31
  32. 32. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: SubstrateShimizu Printing Inc. 32
  33. 33. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Emission Factors of papers 2.250 2.05 2.000 1.93 1.77 1.83 Fine paper 1.750 Coated paper 1.500 Non-bleached paper Bleached paper 1.250 1.13 1.2 Carton box paper 1.19 1.000 Coated cardboard 0.750 Chipboard 0.500 0.250 Emission Factors (kg-CO2e/kg) 0 Reference: CFP communication program basic database ver.1.01Shimizu Printing Inc. 33
  34. 34. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: “Piece of inventory data” comparison of R0% and R70% (in order to make 1kg of “Fine Paper”) Category Item Unit Fine P. (R0%) Fine P. (R70%) R70%/R0% Energy electricity Wh 1.34E+02 1.69E+02 126.7% Energy coal g 8.84E+01 2.47E+02 279.4% Energy Black liquor BDg 1.31E+03 4.90E+02 37.5% Energy Paper sludge BDg 1.81E+01 3.69E+01 37.5% CO2 Emission (air) BDg 6.33E+02 9.81E+02 155.1% (production) CO2 Emission (air) BDg 3.39E+02 9.80E+01 28.9% (forestation) CO2 Emission (air) BDg 0.00E+00 1.78E+01 - (recycling) Reference: JLCA-LCA database 2012yr. 1st editionShimizu Printing Inc. 34
  35. 35. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: Material flowShimizu Printing Inc. 35
  36. 36. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Product area and non-product area 939mm 420mm Paper area: 210mm 148.5mm 0.597204㎡636mm Product area: 594mm 0.498960㎡ Product area %: 83.5% Shimizu Printing Inc. 36
  37. 37. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: Ink usageShimizu Printing Inc. 37
  38. 38. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Calculation process of ink usage amount Ink thickness Maximum paper size of press Sheet run Ink coverage %0.001mm×1040mm×740mm×12%×36000sheet×2-side÷1000 ÷1000=6.649kg Convert to “kg” Convert to “gram” Print on both sidesShimizu Printing Inc. 38
  39. 39. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: Ink transportationShimizu Printing Inc. 39
  40. 40. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Check distance from start to goal by webShimizu Printing Inc. 40
  41. 41. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: Water (dampening solution)Shimizu Printing Inc. 41
  42. 42. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Scale factor of dampening solutionShimizu Printing Inc. 42
  43. 43. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: Additives for dampening solutionShimizu Printing Inc. 43
  44. 44. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Breakout of dampening solution 14.89176kg×2.5 times=37.22940kg →37.22940÷1.05=35.456571kg →IPA=35.456571×3.5%=1.240980kg →Additives=35.456571%×1.5=0.531848kgShimizu Printing Inc. 44
  45. 45. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: Printing plateShimizu Printing Inc. 45
  46. 46. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Conversion of EF from “㎡” base to “kg” base 12.300 kg-CO2e/㎡ (0.400mm thickness) →1.030m×0.785m=0.80855㎡=80.855% →0.240mm÷0.400mm=60.000% →80.855%×60.000%=48.513% → 12.300 kg-CO2e/㎡×48.513%=5.967kg-CO2e/plate → 5.967kg-CO2e/plate×2-plate=11.934kg-CO2e/kg Reference: CFP communication program basic database ver.1.01Shimizu Printing Inc. 46
  47. 47. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: Design & EditingShimizu Printing Inc. 47
  48. 48. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Actual monitoring of Mac quadra for 3-week Electricity usage (kWh)0.2150.2100.2050.2000.1950.1900.1850.1800.175 1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 1-7 1-8 1-9 1-10 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 2-8 2-9 2-10 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-9 3-10 *Line graph shown above is the monitoring data (once every 1-hour) for 3-week Shimizu Printing Inc. 48
  49. 49. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: Computer to Plate (CtP)Shimizu Printing Inc. 49
  50. 50. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Actual monitoring of Prinergy server for 5-week Electricity usage (kWh)0.2150.2100.2050.2000.1950.1900.1850.1800.175 1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 1-7 1-8 1-9 1-10 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 2-8 2-9 2-10 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-9 3-10 *Line graph shown above is the monitoring data (once every 1-hour) for 5-week Shimizu Printing Inc. 50
  51. 51. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: PressShimizu Printing Inc. 51
  52. 52. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Break out of electricity usage by a press R704 with perfecting unit 18% Press Pumps Peripheraals 53% 29%Shimizu Printing Inc. 52
  53. 53. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: PostpressShimizu Printing Inc. 53
  54. 54. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Actual monitoring of air-conditioning Time Winter (Feb.) Summer (Aug.) 8:00-9:00 9.85 kWh 15.81 kWh 9:00-10:00 9.65 kWh 17.45 kWh 10:00-11:00 11.15 kWh 17.35 kWh 11:00-12:00 8.65 kWh 15.19 kWh 12:00-13:00 7.35 kWh 16.39 kWh 13:00-14:00 7.65 kWh 16.44 kWh 14:00-15:00 5.55 kWh 15.43 kWh 15:00-16:00 6.25 kWh 14.47 kWh 16:00-17:00 6.05 kWh 18.64 kWh AVG. 8.02 kWh 16.35 kWh kWh % to rated output 32.1% 57.8% 20.00 18.00 16.00 14.00 12.00 Winter Summer 10.00 8.00 6.00 8:00- 9:00- 10:00- 11:00- 12:00- 13:00- 14:00- 15:00- 16:00-Shimizu Printing Inc. 54
  55. 55. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: DeliveryShimizu Printing Inc. 55
  56. 56. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Weight calculation of wrapping paper 817.0mm 80mm 180mm 148.5mm 180mm 148.5mm 80mm 210mm 210mm0.817m×0.210m=0.17157㎡→100gsm×0.17157㎡=17.2g/wrapping paper→17.2g/wrapping paper×(10000÷20)=8.6kgShimizu Printing Inc. 56
  57. 57. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: Waste from household & factoryShimizu Printing Inc. 57
  58. 58. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Recalculation of material flowShimizu Printing Inc. 58
  59. 59. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: Recycle from factoryShimizu Printing Inc. 59
  60. 60. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) RM: Recalculation of material flowShimizu Printing Inc. 60
  61. 61. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Calculation: CO2e summaryShimizu Printing Inc. 61
  62. 62. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) For marketing tool (CFP label, Japan) Reference: http://www.cfp-japan.jpShimizu Printing Inc. 62
  63. 63. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) For marketing tool (CFP label, Korea) How did they calculate CO2 for printing a package? Reference: http://www.edp.or.kr/index_eng.aspShimizu Printing Inc. 63
  64. 64. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) For sensitivity analysis (Best practice=Lightweight of paper) kg-CO2e 6500 Recycle Waste -17.7% 5850 Delivery 5200 Water Postpress 4550 Press 3900 CtP 3250 Design/Editing Additives 2600 Plate 1950 Ink Normal Practice 1300 Paper 650 Best practice 0Shimizu Printing Inc. 64
  65. 65. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute 3.Utilization of PGG-CLOUD (cont’d) Sensitivity analysis (Environmental Load Point=ELP) ELP 27,500,000 Landfill 10t-truck 24,750,000 4t-truck -19.7% 2t-truck 22,000,000 Recycled Al Recycled pulp 19,250,000 Electricity 16,500,000 Water Ink (Plolyurethane) 13,750,000 Al Paper 11,000,000 Environment impact categories of ELP: 8,250,000 1-Energy drain, 2-GWP, 3-Ozone depletion, 4-Acid rain, 5-Natural resource consumption, 5,500,000 Normal practice 6-Air pollution, 7-Water pollution, 2,750,000 8-Disposal problem, 9-Ecosystem effect Best practice 0 Reference: Nagata Lab., Waseda University Graduate School of Environment and Energy EngineeringShimizu Printing Inc. 65
  66. 66. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute Summary Utilization of quantitative assessment for “Eco-conscious Products” a. Find “Hotspot(s)” to improve manufacturing process and/or select eco-friendly material b. Communicate with print-buyers (consumers) by showing comprehensive internal comparison c. Conduct many pilot projects to know efficiency of CFP (environment impact assessment) Utilized for sales growth and cost-cut, not for academic experts to be satisfied Simplification of calculation is extremely important to save time and money, “Detailed calculation cannot guarantee accuracy!”Shimizu Printing Inc. 66
  67. 67. Waseda University Environmental Research Institute “고마웠습니다” Thank you for your attention. You can have a look at this presentation file:http://www.slideshare.net/ShimizuHiro/edit_my_uploads Corporate web site: http://www.shzpp.co.jpShimizu Printing Inc. 67
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