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Child labour presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Child Labour
    The key international regulations governing the prohibition of child labour
    Module code : LA 0307
    Workshop 5th
    Module Leader : Paul Maharg
    By
    Nitinart S.09036453
    Peerapan P. 10024635
    Wenika S. 09036212
  • 2. Definition of Child Labour
    Around the world growing gaps between rich and poor in recent decades have forced millions of young children out of school and into work. The International Labor Organization estimates that 215 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 currently involve in Child Labour Underage children work at all sorts of jobs around the world, usually because they and their families are extremely poor. Large numbers of children work in commercial agriculture, fishing, manufacturing, mining, and domestic service.
    Some children work in illicit activities like the drug trade and prostitution or other traumatic activities such as serving as soldiers.
    Child labour is work that is unacceptable because the children involved are too young and should be in school, or because even though they have attained the minimum age for admission to employment, the work that they do is unsuitable for a person below the age of 18.
  • 3. Where does most child labour occur?
    Source: University of Iowa ‘What is child labour’
    http://www.continuetolearn.uiowa.edu/laborctr/child_labor/about/what_is_child_labor.html
  • 4. The causes of child of labour
    • Poverty and unemployment levels are high
    • 5. Access to compulsory, free education is limited.
    • 6. Laws and enforcement are often inadequate.
  • Key International regulations governing the prohibition of child labour
    The ILO Minimum Age Convention No. 138
    -Children’s Rights Alliance , ‘Un Convention on the Rights of the child’ [2010] [http://www.crae.org.uk/rights/uncrc.html]accessed 6 November 2010
    -International Labour Organization , ‘Child labour ’ [1996-2010] [http://www.ilo.org/global/What_we_do/InternationalLabourStandards/Subjects/Childlabour/lang--en/index.htm]accessed 4 November 2010
  • 7. Key International regulations governing the prohibition of child labour ( Cont’)
    The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
    The Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention No.182
    G Herath and K Sharma , Child Labour in South Asia , Ashgate Publishing Limited , Hampshire , 2007) 20
    U.S.department of labor , The Department of Labor’s 2001 finding on the worst forms of child labor : Trade and Dwevelopment Act of 2000 , U.S.A. , 2001 )10
  • 8. An Exploration of child labourstandard ‘s success
    International Labour Organization , ‘Child labour by sector’ [1996-2010] [http://www.ilo.org/ipec/SupplementalNavigation/Contactus/lang--en/index.htm]accessed 4 November 2010
    International Labour Organization , ‘New ILO global report on child labour as effort to end child labour slow , ILO called for “re-energized” global action ’ [1996-2010] [http://www.ilo.org/asia/info/public/pr/lang--en/WCMS_126897/index.htm]accessed 4 November 2010
  • 9. Conclusion
  • 10. Thank you for your attention