• Learning disability is the difficulty in learning that involves understanding or using spoken or written language.• This difficulty can be in listening, thinking, reading, writing, arithmetic and spelling.
• May have trouble connecting letters to their sounds.• May make many mistakes when reading aloud and repeat and pause often.• May have real trouble with spelling.• May learn language late and have a limited vocabulary.
• May have trouble organizing what he or she wants to say or not able to think of the word he or she needs for writing or conversation.• May not be able to retell a story in order.• May not know where to begin a task or how to go on from there.• May lack control over body movements.
• May not follow the social rules of conversation such as taking turns and may stand too close to the listener.• May have very messy handwriting or hold a pencil awkwardly.• May struggle to express ideas in writing.
• May confuse math symbols and misread numbers.• May have trouble following directions.
COMMON TYPES OF LEARNING DISABILITIESDyslexia Difficulty processing Problems reading, writing, language spelling, speakingDyscalculia Difficulty with math Problems doing math problems, understanding time, using moneyDysgraphia Difficulty with writing Problems with handwriting, spelling, organizing ideasDyspraxia (Sensory) Difficulty with fine motor Problems with hand-eyeIntegration Disorder skills coordination, balance, manual dexterityAuditory Processing Disorder Difficulty hearing differences Problems with reading, between sounds comprehension, languageVisual Processing Disorder Difficulty interpreting visual Problems with reading, information math, maps, charts, symbols, pictures
Take the needs of the child with a learning disability into account while teaching.• State objective clearly• Use visuals• Clear directions• Concrete examples Make modifications in testing and assignments.• Accept oral reports• Read instructions and questions to them• Highlight important words• Give more time• Conduct tests for smaller parts
• Let the student with listening difficulties borrow notes from classmates or allow them to use a tape recorder.• Let the student with writing difficulties use special softwares like word processors for assignments and accept the errors while he writes.• Let the student with reading problems read slowly and give them advance notice. Advice them to use textbooks on tapes.• Help improve the organisational skills by guiding the child to keep a calender and a to do list.
• People with learning disability often excel in their chosen field.• Learning disabled children can and do learn but differently