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The Project Brief

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  • 1. Introduction to the construction industry FNBE Final project
  • 2. 2 Table of Contents Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................3 Goals ............................................................................................................................................................3 Objectives ....................................................................................................................................................3 Benefits of rooftop garden ..........................................................................................................................3 Project definition ................................................................................................................................................4 Deliverables .................................................................................................................................................4 Budget .........................................................................................................................................................4 Schedule ......................................................................................................................................................4 Project constraints .......................................................................................................................................5 Basic site analysis .........................................................................................................................................5 Land and its attributes .................................................................................................................................6 Authorization ......................................................................................................................................................8 Essentials ...........................................................................................................................................................14 Risk ....................................................................................................................................................................14 Minutes of meeting ..........................................................................................................................................15
  • 3. 3 Introduction This document proposes to construct a rooftop garden with a small café at Taylor’s University. The sole purpose to this building is to provide students an opportunity to relax and feel one with nature. There will also be a small café where a few light snacks and basic beverages would be served. Unfortunately there is not much greenery on the Taylor’s campus. There is a need to greenery. Not only does it provide a tranquil serene environment, it also has environmental benefits. In addition it is visually appealing. Due to the scarcity of land in Taylor’s by putting a rooftop garden, there is no problem in finding adequate space to grow the garden. Goals - To create a structure that will be environmentally friendly. - It will give people an opportunity to relax and feel nature - To make use of space that is not being utilized to its full potential Objectives - To create a rooftop garden - To create a café and seating area in rooftop garden - Rooftop gardens have several benefits Primarily it improves the quality of air. The plants will absorb the Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere and release Oxygen thereby improving the air quality. Secondly it increases energy conservation. Rooftop gardens reflect light and heat. Therefore the building will remain cool and energy that would usually be used to cool a building may no longer be necessary. Rooftop gardens may be beneficial in areas which accumulate a great deal of rain. Storm runoff water can especially overflow sewer systems. The plants can absorb some of the rainwater and limit the runoff from excess water. Rooftop gardening, in turn, has the potential to reduce the occurrences of flooding. Rooftop gardening can potentially protect rooftops from damage and deterioration. The lifetime of a rooftop can be shortened due to ultraviolet radiations, severe temperatures or excess winds. In addition, rooftop gardens are visually appealing.
  • 4. 4 Project definition Deliverable After this project has been implemented, the deliverables include A rooftop garden, in which several different types of plants are grown to give a visually appealing view Areas in which seating is provided. This will give students and opportunity to sit and use the space as they so desire. These include gazebos. A café that will provide additional seating as well as some common beverages and snacks. Budget Schedule Breakdown Cost MRM Legal fees 5699 breach of contract 500 cost of rooftop garden ($20 per foot) 611506.6 cost of benches (115) 345 café 315650 Total 933700.6
  • 5. 5 Project constraints Although there is a set amount of days for which the authorities and permits will be issued, in many cases there are complications and amendments have to be made. This can delay the project One of the primary project constraints that will be faced in this project is the weather. If there is rainy weather, there will be no work done for that day and the rooftop will have to be dry one the work can commence again. There are cases where the client changes their mind about the details of the project and this can cause the architect to revise their original drawings. Basic site analysis
  • 6. 6 Land and its attributes As expected the plot of land is flat terrain and is primarily made of concrete. There are some machinery that is kept on the roof top which will most likely need to be moved or an extra floor will have to be built above the level where these machinery items are kept. There is some wiring at the rooftop. Large open, unused space The entrance to the rooftop The view from the rooftop The other side of the view from the rooftop
  • 7. 7 There is a pillar the segregates two parts of the rooftop.
  • 8. 8 Authorization No Procedure Time to complete Cost associated MRM 1 Submission to Local Authority through OSC Builders can apply for all the pre-building approvals at the One Stop Center of the Municipality of Kuala Lumpur. However, the builder still needs to visit each of the agencies that provide the pre-approvals in order to obtain confirmation. The One Stop Center charges a processing fee of MYR 480. This process is partly regulated by Federal Territory (Planning) Act, 1982. Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 1 480 2 Obtain Development Order (DO) from Planning Dept Planning permission, which is issued as a Development Order by the Planning Department of the local authority, authorizes development of the land. The permit is valid for 12 months, within which time construction must begin. The processing time for the applications is usually as follows: • 120 days for large-scale projects (consisting of complicated development plans, buildings of more than five levels, construction involving layout plans for a development area of more than 2 acres, or projects affecting the population density and change of zone area) • 60 days for mid-scale projects (requiring construction plans of buildings of fewer than five levels, a temporary change in land/building usage involving a land area of fewer than 5,000 square feet or involving changes/additions/alterations made to the available shops/housing units) • 45 days for small-scale projects (involving suggested additions/changes/alterations to existing bungalow units, two-story units and terrace units, and new bungalow units built in accordance with approved layout plans only) Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 28 0 4 Obtain Sewerage Approval Agency: Indah Water 14 0 5 Obtain Fire Safety (Arch) Comment 14 0
  • 9. 9 Fire safety procedures are regulated by Fire Services Act 1988 and Uniform Building Bylaws 1984 (Chapter 8) Agency: Bomba 6 Obtain Hoarding & Signboard Approval Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 7 1,514 7 Obtain RORO Bin Approval Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 7 0 8 Obtain Earthwork Approval Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 7 100 9 Obtain Road and Drainage Approval Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 7 0 10 Obtain Landscape Approval Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 7 0 11 Obtain Street Lighting Approval Street lightning regulations are governed by Street, Drainage and Building Act, 1974 Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 7 0 12 Obtain Car Park Approval Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 7 0 13 Obtain MSMA and SPAH Approvals Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 7 0 14 Obtain Building Plan Approval The approval of the building plans authorizes construction of the building 17 1301
  • 10. 10 within 12 months from the date of approval. Approval is granted by the Building Department of the local authority. The filing fees for the application for building plan approval are MYR 10.00 per 10 sq. m. or any part thereof (a minimum of MYR 100.00) under the First Schedule of the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur Building By- Laws of 1985. In the case here, involving a 1,300.6 sq. m. built-up area, the application fee would be MYR 1,300.60. Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 15 Obtain Fire Safety (M&E) Approval Agency: Bomba 14 0 16 Obtain Permission to start work from Building Department (KMB) Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 1 0 17 Notification to start Earthwork from Engineering Department (B FORM) Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 1 0 18 Notification to Start Sewerage Work (PDC 6) Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 1 0 19 Request sewerage inspection Agency: Indah Water 1 0 20 Sewerage inspection Agency: Indah Water 1 0 21 Sewerage report Agency: Indah Water 1 0 22 Request Road & Drainage Clearance 1 0
  • 11. 11 After construction has been completed, a final inspection is conducted by the Building Department to issue its approval. Approval is granted only after all approvals are obtained from the various departments listed in the development order, and is meant to ensure that the construction has been completed in compliance with the approved building plan and the requirements listed in it. The period of 3 to 4 months is just an estimate and might vary with the time it takes the various other departments or agencies to issue their approvals. The Building Department supervises the construction work stage-by-stage by conducting on-site inspections and reviewing the progress report usually submitted by the architect after each stage. Agency: Indah Water 23 Road and Drainage Inspection Agency: Municipality of Kuala Lumpur DBKL 1 0 24 Road and Drainage Report Agency: Municipality of Kuala Lumpur DBKL 12 0 25 Request Sewerage Clearance Agency: Indah Water 1 0 26 Sewerage Inspection Agency: Indah Water 1 0 27 Sewerage Report Agency:Indah Water 12 0 28 Request Fire Safety Clearance Agency:Bomba 1 111 29 Fire Safety Inspection 1 0
  • 12. 12 Agency: Bomba 30 Fire Safety Report Agency: Bomba 12 0 31 Request Water Clearance Agency: Water Authority SYABAS 1 1000 32 Water Inspection Agency: Water Authority SYABAS 1 0 33 Water Report Agency: Water Authority SYABAS 11 3 34 Deposit G1 - G21 Forms and F Form to OSC The Certificate of Completion has been introduced substituting the Certificate of Fitness for Occupation in 2007. Upon the coming into force (in force from November 27, 2007) of By-Law 23 of the Building (Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur)(Amendment) By-Laws 1985, the Certificate of Completion is issued when forms G1 to G21 in respect of stage certifications as set out in the Second Schedule of the By-Laws 1985 have been duly certified and received by the principal submitting person. This person must also certify in Form F that the construction and completion of building was under his supervision and that to the best of his knowledge and belief the building has been constructed and completed in accordance with the Act, the By-Laws and the approved plans. Agency: Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya MBPJ 1 495 35 Deposit G1 - G21 Forms and F Form to Board of Arch / Eng Malaysia A copy of forms G1 G2 should also be submitted to the Order of Architects and Engineers of Malaysia Agency: Board of Architecs and Engineers of Malaysia 1 0 36 Obtain Water Connection 1 30
  • 13. 13 Agency: Water Authority SYABAS 37 Obtain Telco Connection Agency: Telekom Malaysa (Telco) 15 495 Electricity Connection 38 Agency: Tenaga National Berhad TNB 1 100
  • 14. 14 Essentials Risk The roof must be strong enough to carry the weight of soil. Unless someone can water and maintain the plants everyday, an irrigation system is required The plants will need extra care from the scorching heat of the sun If the drainage system gets clogged and there is a lot of water, the membrane can break and cause leaks into the building.
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