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World IPv6 Launch Singapore - 4. the day your customers cant reach you   do we really need i pv6
 

World IPv6 Launch Singapore - 4. the day your customers cant reach you do we really need i pv6

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  • FACT: 10 diget phone nyumber can support 10 billion phones but ran out only supporting a few hundred million US Phones 501,878,296,724,635,648 Hosts 2 29th x 2 combinations 010, & 0112x 536,879,912 = 32bit ISP Allocations = 1,073,759,824 x 65,536 = 70,369,923,825,664 customersx 7,132 Hosts per =  5.01878296724636E1765.536 /48s per ISP HD=0.8 = 7,132 Hosts per Customer70369923825664*7132= 501,878,296,724,635,648 Hosts
  • Several barriers, however, have the potential to slow the development of IoT. The three largest are the deployment of IPv6, power for sensors, and agreement on standards. Deployment of IPv6. The world ran out of IPv4 addresses in February 2010. While no real impact has been seen by the general public, this situation has the potential to slow IoT’sprogress since the potentially billions of new sensors will require unique IP addresses. In addition, IPv6 makes the management of networks easier due to auto configuration capabilities and offers improved security features.Sensor energy. For IoT to reach its full potential, sensors will need to be self-sustaining. Imagine changing batteries in billions of devices deployed across the planet and even into space. Obviously, this isn’t possible. What’s needed is a way for sensors to generate electricity from environmental elements such as vibrations, light, and airflow.18 In a significant breakthrough, scientists announced a commercially viable nanogenerator—a flexible chip that uses body movements such as the pinch of a finger to generate electricity—at the 241st National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society in March 2011.19“This development [the nanogenerator] represents a milestone toward producing portable electronics that can be powered by body movements without the use of batteries or electrical outlets. Our nanogenerators are poised to change lives in the future. Their potential is only limited by one's imagination.”Zhong Lin WangLead Scientist, Georgia Institute of TechnologyStandards. While much progress has been made in the area of standards, more is needed, especially in the areas of security, privacy, architecture, and communications. IEEE is just one of the organizations working to solve these challenges by ensuring that IPv6 packets can be routed across different network types. It is important to note that while barriers and challenges exist, they are not insurmountable. Given the benefits of IoT, these issues will get worked out. It is only a matter of time.

World IPv6 Launch Singapore - 4. the day your customers cant reach you   do we really need i pv6 World IPv6 Launch Singapore - 4. the day your customers cant reach you do we really need i pv6 Presentation Transcript

  • Overview• Government Influences & The end of IPv4• The Internet Evolution the Story in the Numbers• What is the ROI Wave One: Your Customers• Wave Two: The Internet of Things• The Barriers to the Future• When should we start the move 2
  • Government Influences & The end of IPv4• The ARPANET and TCP/IPv4 1983 (USA) – Vint Cerf 1978, Jon Postel Sept. 1981 RFC 791• World Wide Web (Tim Berners Lee) – CERN switzerland Feb 26, 1991• IAB defines IPv4 end of the “RO-AD” problem at Jan 1991 Meeting• IETF starts work on a replacement for IPv4 in 1994• RFC 2460 IPv6 published in Dec.1998 3
  • Government Influences: The Road to IPv6 • US Government Mandates all .Gov WWW must be dual-stack reachable by Sept. 2012 (54% Fail) • Singapore IDA Publishes adoption Guidelines March 2011 • China runs the 2008 Beijing Olympics on IPv6 (Success) • US DOD mandates GOV IPv6 support by Dec 2008 (Epic Fail) • CHINA initiates the CNGI project 2006 to support IPv6 • KOREAv6 Phase I 2004 (Trials), II in 2005 (WiBro, VoIP) III 2006(Scale Up), Full Nation Wide IPv6 Services predicted for 2013 • France FREE (ISP) & FT begin Native IPv6 Deployments in 2003 • Japan IIJ starts IPv6 deployment in 1998 – Today All major and most rural ISP’s offer full IPv6 services: Access, Gaming, Grid, Sensor Nets, Tsunami detection Network 4
  • The Internet Evolution the Story in the Numbers• IPv4 (32bit) = 4,294,976,296 Addresses – Equates to about 250M Hosts at 80% efficiency. Exhaustion predicted by 1993 • (RFC 3194 Host-Density Ratio for Address Assignment Efficiency) Internet Population (USA) 3.9 IPv4 per / By extrapolation that is 25.35Billion! Recent survey (2010) estimate the internet at 2 Billion Users! So how does that math work? - (Band-Aids: NAT, CIDR, and Private IP)• IPv6 (128bit) = 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456 addresses (Aprox. 340 undecillion) – Equates to about 502 Quadrillion Hosts at 80% efficiency • (RFC 4692 IPv6 Host density Metric) – Natural exhaustion is predicted in aprox. 50 years. Aprox. 7 Billion addresses for each person alive today (est. 6.5B)! 5
  • What is the ROI? Wave One: Your Customers • Due to the limitations of Public IPv4 your customers May not have an IPv4 address! • Mobile/ Public WiFi / New Residential ACCESS services are all looking at IPv6 for cost effective scaling • Your worst day is the day your Customers Cannot reach your Services because of IPv6  • You Competitors will jump for Joy! 6
  • Wave Two: The Internet of Things 7
  • Wave Two: The Internet of Things• Sensors• RFID• Mobile everything• Building Automation• infrastructure Grids 8
  • Wave Two: The Internet of Things• Big Data – Next GEN Analytics• RT Location based Services• New Business Models http://www.cisco.com/web/about/ac79/docs/innov/IoT_IBSG_0411FINAL.pdf 9
  • The Barriers to the Future• IPv6 Deployments – Key: Offers End-2-End- Communication at Scale – Key: Auto-configuration Management – Optional: Security & Mobility• Sensor Energy – Nano Generator (Georga Tech, USA) Mar 2011• Standards – IEEE / IETF/ 3GPP / ITU 10
  • When should we start the move?• Yesterday: We are already behind!• 80% of the cost to transition to IPv6 is: – Planning, Training & Opex Support – The Variable is the cost for Waiting GET EDUCATED NOW ! 11