“ Successful Model in Business Development” Division of Indian Affairs Presents Information Series
The Division Created in 1953 when the Utah State Legislature adopted “Indian Affairs Act”, and the first director was hired in 1956.
Our primary role is to promote positive intergovernmental relations with and between all:
Utah Indian Tribes
Office of Governor
Our primary service is
as it pertains to assisting Utah Indian Tribes.
Mission To assist Utah Indian Tribes and Urban Indian Communities to seek alternatives in solving problems and to strengthen their way of life socially and economically.
In the past, attempts have been made to help Indian People, but those attempts have been based upon prescribed methods of helping white Americans.
Those methods don’t work.
Utah American Indian Reservation Statistics
Current population of Utah American Indians living below the federal poverty guidelines: 57.4%
Average Per Capita Income: $6,738
Currently 46.4% of the individuals living on reservations do not have even a high school diploma.
Only 4.5% of Utah Indians on reservations get post high school diplomas.
Statistics extrapolated from the Dixie, Fishlake & Manti-LaSal National Forests Forest Plan Revision Social and Economic Assessment
UDIA’s Philosophy American Indian people must begin to solve American Indian problems.
Self Determination is the Key Indian people must begin the healing process, learn coping skills necessary to overcome systemic failures, acquire management skills and learn to become competitive in business. Take charge!
The cart before the horse
In the past, tribal governing bodies were entertaining complex business development opportunities prior to mastering governance and establishing stable governments. When tribes failed to follow-through with plans, it contributed to further failures.
This failure became cyclical Failure to address educational deficiencies and chronic social problems contributed to weak governments which lead to failed businesses
Cycle of Defeat Social Dysfunction: economic plight, criminal behavior, substance abuse, maladministration Highly complex governmental and corporate business models launched without allowing for Tribe self-determination Mismanagement, Delinquency, Negligence, Exploitation
UDIA believes it is critical to break the cycle of failure
This requires self-examination and acknowledgement of the seriousness of:
1) educational deficiencies
2) chronic social problems
3) cultural differences that complicate all other circumstances.
Land held in common
Harmony with nature
Ownership of land
Control of nature
Unless cultural differences are acknowledged… A pattern of confusion and blaming will continue to dominate discussions about solutions to these problems
We must learn to crawl before we can walk
Start at the bottom with education first
Then work our way to the top
Improve our leadership potential
Improve our management of government programs
Collaborate with other tribes
Pyramid of Success EDUCATION Leadership & Community Development Quality Management & Governance Business Development
UDIA has learned of two new significant developments:
The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development
The Choctaw Model of Success
The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development
Study covering the change between 1990-2000 in the economic development of Indians on reservations
Although substantial gaps remain between the Native population and the rest of the U.S., rapid economic development is taking place among gaming and non-gaming Tribes alike.
The UDIA Solution – what we have learned from the Harvard Project:
Tribes must master governance principles
Tribes must have stable governments
Tribes must be aware of cultural differences
Tribes must learn to develop long range plans that lead to sound business execution
What UDIA has learned:
Overcoming problems in education will result in a well trained work force
A trained work force will lead to improved managerial leadership
Better management will lead to better planning and marketing
Tribes should develop commercial codes to encourage lending on the reservation lands
Choctaw Model of Success
Average schooling 6 th grade level
No education offered after 10 th grade and no kindergarten
70% without basic housing needs covered
No running water or indoor plumbing, homelessness high
80% unemployment rate – those employed are sharecroppers
Alcoholism, teen pregnancy, abuse prevalent
Put in their own superintendent, restructured education, and standardized curriculum
Trained Indian teachers from preschool-secondary levels
Opened adult education program
Taught classes in Family life, home management, thrift and economy, agricultural science, preservation of wildlife and natural resources
Opened Youth Rehabilitation Center
Planned 30 acre industrial park
Established Chahta Enterprise as supplier for Packard Electric
American Greetings opened a plant
Choctaw Manufacturing opened
Printing/direct mail/telemarketing firm
Silver Star Casino
2 nd largest employer in State of Mississippi
12,000 jobs; 172.6 million payroll taxes
5.8 mil property tax
Prestigious Hammer award for outstanding education reform
85% speak Choctaw as their primary language, English second
Bok Chitto Elementary selected to be a world finalist for International schools Cyberfair
Does an Education Crisis Exist in Utah?
Indian student dropout rates in rural areas range from 60-80% statewide.
The current state of education for Indian children is appalling. They are consistently at the bottom of every standardized test given to Utah’s children.
If so, what do we do about it?
First of all, acknowledge that a severe educational gap does exist.
Then take action to institute non-traditional approaches to counteract the failure.
Auditory Discrimination Endepth
Small student/teacher ratio
Phase I – Governance Phase II - Business
Policies and procedures
Property and supplies management
Indirect costs management
Single audit act requirements
Access to affordable housing, jobs, and healthcare
Long range planning
Technical and professional assistance to tribes in the following areas:
trouble-shooting business failure
long range economic development planning
financing information (federal, state, and private sources), and affordable housing.
Mental Health Asso. in Utah
National Indian Justice Center, Santa Rosa, CA
Utah Division of Indian Affairs
Utah American Indian Housing Council
University of Utah
School of Business
Utah Tribal Leaders
Utah Tribal Education Directors
-School of Business
Rocky Mountain American Indian Economic and Education Foundation, Inc.
Jane Goodall’s Roots and Shoots project
Written by Forrest S. Cuch Editing and Graphics by Rebecca Nelson