Chapter 17 Direct and Online Marketing: The New Marketing Model
Mass Marketing and Direct Marketing Most Mass Marketing Involves One-Way Communications Aimed At Consumers. Direct Marketing Involves Two-Way Interactions With Customers.
What is Direct Marketing? Direct Marketing Consists of Direct Connections With Carefully Targeted Individual Consumers to Both Obtain an Immediate Response and Cultivate Lasting Customer Relationships.
Some firms use direct marketing as a supplemental medium.
For many companies, direct marketing - especially Internet and e-commerce companies - constitutes a new and complete model for doing business.
Some firms use the new direct model as their only approach.
Experts envision a day when all buying and selling will involve direct connections between companies and their customers.
Benefits and Growth of Direct Marketing Convenient Easy & Private Product Access & Selection Abundance of Information Interactive & Immediate Buyers Benefits Sellers Benefits Consumer Relationship Building Reduces Costs Increases Speed & Efficiency Provides Flexibility Global Medium
The Growth of Direct Marketing Demassification – Focus is Toward Minimarkets Higher Costs of Driving, Traffic and Parking Congestion Consumers Lack of Time Convenience of Ordering From Direct Marketers Growth of Customer Databases
Mass Marketing Vs. One-to-One Marketing (Tab. 17.1) Average Consumer Customer Anonymity Standard Product Mass Production Mass Distribution Mass Advertising Mass Promotion One-Way Message Economies of Scale Share of Mind All Customers Customer Attraction Mass Marketing Individual Customer Customer Profile Customized Market Offering Customized Production Individualized Distribution Individualized Message Individualized Incentives Two-Way Messages Economies of Scope Share of Customer Profitable Customers Customer Retention One-to-One Marketing
Customer Databases are an Organized Collection of Comprehensive Data About Individual Customers or Prospects Including:
Database Marketing Identifying Prospects Deciding Which Customers Should Receive a Particular Offer Deepening Customer Loyalty Reactivating Customer Purchases Database Marketing is the Process of Building , Maintaining , and Using Customer Databases and Other Databases for the Purposes of Contacting and Transacting With Customers. How Companies Use Their Databases:
Forms of Direct Marketing Direct Mail Kiosk Marketing Online Marketing Telemarketing Direct-Response TV Marketing Catalog Face-to-Face Selling
They tend to be younger, more affluent, better educated, and more male than the general population; female usage almost equals males.
Other characteristic of net users:
Half are 40 years or older,
Differ psychographically, in approaches to buying and responses to marketing.
Creating Online Marketing Create an Electronic Online Presence Buy Space on a Commercial Online Service Company Can Open It’s Own Corporate or Marketing Web Page Place Advertisements Online Place Ads in to Build Internet Brands or Attract Visitors to Web Site Buy Online Ads That Pop Up While Consumers are Surfing, “Banners” Content Sponsorships
Creating Online Marketing Participate in Forums, Newsgroups & Web Communities Forums: Discussion Groups on Commercial Online Services Newsgroups: Internet Version of Forums Web Communities: Sites Where Members Exchange Views Online Use E-Mail and Webcasting Customers Send Questions, Suggestions & Complaints Via E-Mail Webcasting: Automatic Downloading of Information to PC’s
Promise and Challenge of Online Marketing Limited Consumer Exposure and Buying Skewed User Demographics and Psychographics Chaos and Clutter Ethical Concerns Security