World Bank Communication policy and development


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World Bank Communication policy and development

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World Bank Communication policy and development

  1. 1. Communication Policy and Development “Are World Bank policy prescriptions in the communications sector conducive to development?” Shehab Zahda 
  2. 2. Introduction  Deconstruction  World Bank  Development and World Bank ethos  World Bank projects  WB Strategic Requirements  Long term Foundation  Are the policies conducive to Development?  UNESCO‟s paradigm  Conclusion  Bibliography
  3. 3. Deconstruction o To answer...
  4. 4. World Bank 1 IBRD 2 Bretton Woods Conference 1944 IBRD - IMF
  5. 5. World Bank  188 member states… Voting Power
  6. 6. Today WB’s main goal is reduction of poverty Neo-Liberal
  7. 7. Development & WB‟s ethos  “Development is a specified state of growth or advancement.” (Oxford, 2013)  People’s rights to equality and to communicate are protected and advanced in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights. (Article 19)  Effectiveness in fighting poverty “WB’s main priority” and meeting the other Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). World Bank has put forward few strategic requirements and recommendations. (Mefalopulos, 2008)  It highlights the need to harmonize communication strategies and approaches, as indicated by the 9th UN Roundtable on Communication for Development.
  8. 8. act=General%20information%20and%20communications%20sector
  9. 9. The right and opportunity people have to participate in the decision-making processes that affect their lives WB Strategic Requirements (Mefalopulos, 2008)
  10. 10. Creating opportunities for sharing knowledge and skills WB Strategic Requirements (Mefalopulos, 2008)
  11. 11. WB Strategic Requirements (Mefalopulos, 2008) The process of dialogue, debate, and engagement that builds public policies that are relevant, helpful. (Public Sphere)
  12. 12. WB Strategic Requirements (Mefalopulos, 2008) Communication trends that are taking place at local, national, and international levels for improved development action.
  13. 13. WB Strategic Requirements (Mefalopulos, 2008) Adopting an approach that is contextualized within cultures.
  14. 14. WB Strategic Requirements (Mefalopulos, 2008) Empowering people to have their say, to voice their perspectives, and to contribute and act on their ideas for improving their situation
  15. 15. Long-Term Foundation Strengthening Citizenship and Good Governance. Deepening the communication links and processes within communities and societies
  16. 16. Are these policy prescriptions conducive to Development?
  17. 17. The five principal media development categories 1. A system of regulation conducive to freedom of expression, pluralism and diversity of the media. 2. Plurality and diversity of media, a level economic playing field and transparency of ownership. 3. Media as a platform for democratic discourse. 4. Professional capacity building and supporting institutions that underpins freedom of expression, pluralism and diversity. 5. Infrastructural capacity is sufficient to support independent and pluralistic media. (UNESCO, 2010)
  18. 18.  The WB‟s prescriptions are meant to eradicate (reduce) poverty as a priority.  WB projects‟ aimed to progress and change Communication sector are secondary projects in infrastructure and lending projects „sanitation, telecommunications, infrastructure‟..  Projects indirectly contribute to communication sector but are not directly conducive to development.  WB‟s publications do contribute to the theory of development communication rather than communication sector itself in terms of development.  WB policies work represents a top-down Conclusion and Thoughts
  19. 19.  WB projects comes under MDGs scheme where Communication Sector is not a priority in itself, and MDGs .  WB projects do not deal with limestone themes for development, like; cultural diversity, self- determination of people, economic pressures, environment, gender relations, and political dynamics. Conclusion and thoughts
  20. 20. Bibliography  Allen, T. and Thomas, A., (2000). Poverty and Development in the 21st Century. The Open University Press.  Erixon, F. (2005). Aid and Development: Will it work this time?. International Policy Network.  Hopper, P. (2012). Understanding Development: Issues and Debates. Cambridge: Polity Press.  ment .  Mefalopulos, P. (2008). Development Communication Sourcebook: Broadening the Boundaries of Communication. Washington: The World Bank.  Servaes, J. (1999). Communication for Development: One World, Multiple Cultures. New Jersey: Hampton Press, Inc.  Sparks, C. (2007). Globalization, Development and the Mass Media. Sage Publications  UNESCO, (2010). Media Development Indicators: A framework for assessing media development. Paris: Baseline arts.  Wade, R. (2004). The World Bank and the Environment. In Boas, M. & McNeil D. (eds.) Global Institutions and Development: Framing the World?, pp.72-94. London: Routledge.
  21. 21. Any questions