Overall Purpose:The overall purpose of thispresentation is to explainhow this little boy on theleft became the man on theright who was ultimatelyresponsible for the death ofabout 50 million people allover the world!!
Birth• Adolf Hitler wasborn on April 20,1889 in Braunau,Austria.• Adolf was 1 of 6children - 3 of whodied at early ages
ParentsAlois Schickelgruber Hitler was a customs officialwho was illegitimate by birth. His father, Adolf’sgrandfather, may have been Jewish. He died whenAdolf was 14 and left him a small inheritance.Klara Hitler was very young when she married theolder Alois. She showered young Adolf with loveand affection. Adolf carried a picture of his momuntil the day he died. She died of breast cancerwhen Adolf was 18 years old.
Education• Attended a Benedictine monastery schoolwhere he took part in the choir.• When it was time to choose a secondary school,Adolf wanted to become an artist.• His father wanted him to become a civilservant, but after his father died, he droppedout of high school and attempted to get into theVienna Academy of Fine Arts - he failed.• The following slides are examples of Adolf’sartwork.
Years in Vienna• After his mother died, Adolf (now 18)decided to move to Austria to pursue hisdream of becoming a great artist.• Again he failed to gain entrance into theAcademy• He eventually sold all his possessions andbecame a homeless drifter who slept on parkbenches and ate at soup kitchens throughoutVienna (age 19)• Adolf did manage to sell some paintings andpostcards, but remained impoverished
Vienna -Importance• Influenced by the anti-Semitic mayor ofVienna, Karl Lueger• Became interested inthe idea of Germannationalism.• Also received firsttaste of politics
Military ServiceAdolf left Austria at the age of 24 to avoid mandatorymilitary service that was required of all men.But he did sign up formilitary service at thestart of WW I. Hejoined a Bavarian unitof the German Army.This is a picture ofHitler listening to anenlistment speech.
World War I• Excited to fight forGermany.• Found a home fightingfor the Fatherland.• Highest rank held wascorporal.• Was a regimentalmessenger, not an easyjob at all.
Military Record• Was awarded the IronCross twice. (5 medalsoverall)• Highest military honorin German Army.• Single handedlycaptured 4 Frenchsoldiers.• Blinded by gas attacktowards end of war.
German Loss in WW I• Hitler was devastated when he heard the news ofthe German surrender.• He was appalled at the anti-war sentiment amongthe German civilians.• Believed there was an anti-war conspiracy thatinvolved the Jews and Communists.• Also, felt that the German military did not lose thewar, but that the politicians (mostly Jews) at homewere responsible for the defeat.
Life after WW I• Hitler was depressedafter WW I.• Still in the army, hebecame an undercoveragent whose job wasto root outCommunists.• Also, lectured aboutthe dangers ofCommunism and Jews
German Worker’s Party• Hitler was sent toinvestigate this groupin Munich in 1919.• He went to a meetingand gave a speech.• He was them asked tobecome a member,which he did
NAZI Party is Formed• Hitler began to think bigfor the GermanWorker’s Party• Began placing ads formeetings in anti-Semiticnewspapers• Hitler changed the nameto National SocialistGerman Worker’s Partyor the NAZIS
Party Platform• Hitler drafted aplatform of 25 points• Revoke VersaillesTreaty• Revoke civil rights ofJews• Confiscateany warprofitsBesides changing the party name, thered flag with the SWASTIKA wasadopted as the party symbol
The SwastikaThe swastika was an ancientsymbol usually associated withthe sun. It is still commonlyused in Buddhist shrines.Due to incorrect translations inSanskrit/German dictionaries Hitlerbelieved that the swastika was a symbolthat represented the word Swasie whichmeant Aryan. This was not the case.
Beer Hall Putsch• October 30, 1923• Hitler held a rally inMunich beer hall anddeclared revolution• Led 2000 men in takeover of BavarianGovernment• It failed and Hitlerwas imprisoned
Trial and Jail•At his trial (Hitler was chargedwith treason), he used theopportunity to speak about theNAZI platform and spread hispopularity.•The whole nation suddenly knewwho Adolf Hitler was and what hestood for•He was sentenced to five years,but actually only served about 9months•When he left prison, he was readyto go into action again.
Mein Kampf• Hitler’s book “MyStruggle” - wrote whilein jail• Sold 5 million copies,made him rich• Topics included: Jewswere evil, Germans weresuperior race, Fuhrerprincipal, dislike ofCommunism andDemocracy and need toconquer Russia
Legal Rise to Power• Used popularity fromfailed revolution andbook to seize powerlegally• Spoke to mass audiencesabout making Germanya great nation again• Nazi Party:– 1930 = 18% of vote– 1932 = 30% of vote– Hitler becomesChancellor in 1933
Appeal of Hitler• Germany was in the midst of an economicdepression with hyper-inflation• Hitler was a WW I hero who talked aboutbringing glory back to the “Fatherland”• He promised the rich industrialists that hewould end any communist threat in Germany• Constantly blamed Jews for Germany’sproblems, not the German people.• Hitler was an excellent public speaker.
Strong Arm Tactics• The “Brownshirts” orSA (Stormtroopers)• SA was used to put downopposition parties• Threatened and beat upJews and ant-Nazi voters• Wore brownshirts, pantsand boots• Numbered almost400,000 by 1932
Dictator• In 1933, all partieswere outlawed exceptthe Nazi party• People’s civil rightswere suspended
Absolute Power• German economy wasimproving, peoplewere happy• Hilter had no politicalopposition• 1st concentrationcamp opened in 1933• Began rearmingGerman Army forexpansion of the Reich