Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
BIOCHAR




Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
BIOCHAR
                             An Explanation




Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
BIOCHAR
                             An Explanation




Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
BIOCHAR
                             An Explanation
Presented by Shawn Ganz of Ithaca College




Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.J...
http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
WHAT IS BIOCHAR?




          http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
WHAT IS BIOCHAR?




          http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
WHAT IS BIOCHAR?

Biochar is an enriched form
of charcoal made by a
process called pyrolysis




                         ...
WHAT IS BIOCHAR?

Biochar is an enriched form
of charcoal made by a
process called pyrolysis

The process of pyrolysis
all...
WHAT IS BIOCHAR?

Biochar is an enriched form
of charcoal made by a
process called pyrolysis

The process of pyrolysis
all...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
PYROLYSIS




      http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
PYROLYSIS




      http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
PYROLYSIS

Pyrolysis is the decomposition of
materials at a high temperature to
produce solid residue




                ...
PYROLYSIS

Pyrolysis is the decomposition of
materials at a high temperature to
produce solid residue

Modern purposes, we...
Biochar is Carbon Negative
http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
WHAT ABOUT
TERRA PRETA?




          http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
WHAT ABOUT
TERRA PRETA?




          http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
WHAT ABOUT
         TERRA PRETA?
Terra preta is known as
“dark earth”




                          http://sci-toys.com/at...
WHAT ABOUT
         TERRA PRETA?
Terra preta is known as
“dark earth”

Produced thousands of
years ago in the
Amazonian Ba...
WHAT ABOUT
         TERRA PRETA?
Terra preta is known as
“dark earth”

Produced thousands of
years ago in the
Amazonian Ba...
SO WHAT?
SO WHAT?
It is a two way solution for
carbon sequestration and
soil improvement
SO WHAT?
It is a two way solution for
carbon sequestration and
soil improvement

Biochar holds 70x more
carbon then normal...
SO WHAT?
It is a two way solution for
carbon sequestration and
soil improvement

Biochar holds 70x more
carbon then normal...
SO WHAT?
It is a two way solution for   With global economy
carbon sequestration and       moving towards carbon
soil impr...
SO WHAT?
It is a two way solution for   With global economy
carbon sequestration and       moving towards carbon
soil impr...
SO WHAT?
It is a two way solution for   With global economy
carbon sequestration and       moving towards carbon
soil impr...
http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
AGRICULTURE




       http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
AGRICULTURE




       http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
AGRICULTURE

Biomass for biochar creation is
fairly simple




                                  http://www.truehealth.org...
AGRICULTURE

Biomass for biochar creation is
fairly simple

   Can be used from scraps of
   crop plants




             ...
AGRICULTURE

Biomass for biochar creation is
fairly simple

   Can be used from scraps of
   crop plants

   Use scraps fr...
AGRICULTURE

Biomass for biochar creation is
fairly simple

   Can be used from scraps of
   crop plants

   Use scraps fr...
1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
SIMPLY...
SIMPLY...
You incorporate it on the topsoil
SIMPLY...
You incorporate it on the topsoil

Increases crop yields
SIMPLY...
You incorporate it on the topsoil

Increases crop yields

Prevents fertilizer runoff into
water sources
SIMPLY...
You incorporate it on the topsoil

Increases crop yields

Prevents fertilizer runoff into
water sources

Helps r...
SIMPLY...
You incorporate it on the topsoil

Increases crop yields

Prevents fertilizer runoff into
water sources

Helps r...
SIMPLY...
You incorporate it on the topsoil

Increases crop yields

Prevents fertilizer runoff into
water sources

Helps r...
SIMPLY...
You incorporate it on the topsoil   Soil fixed with biochar can be
                                    sustained ...
SIMPLY...
You incorporate it on the topsoil   Soil fixed with biochar can be
                                    sustained ...
SIMPLY...
You incorporate it on the topsoil   Soil fixed with biochar can be
                                    sustained ...
SIMPLY...
You incorporate it on the topsoil   Soil fixed with biochar can be
                                    sustained ...
SIMPLY...
You incorporate it on the topsoil   Soil fixed with biochar can be
                                    sustained ...
YOU COULD BE HAPPY WITHOUT BIOCHAR
YOU COULD BE HAPPY WITHOUT BIOCHAR
With reliance solely on N,P, and K fertilizers
YOU COULD BE HAPPY WITHOUT BIOCHAR
With reliance solely on N,P, and K fertilizers
BUT BIOCHAR WORKS
BUT BIOCHAR WORKS
It is something to invest in, especially with agriculture soil problems occurring
BUT BIOCHAR WORKS
It is something to invest in, especially with agriculture soil problems occurring
HOW DO
 CREATE
BIOCHAR?
HOW DO
 CREATE
BIOCHAR?
HOW DO
   CREATE
  BIOCHAR?
We will start with the basic
 creation for agricultural
            use.
HOW DO
   CREATE
  BIOCHAR?
We will start with the basic
 creation for agricultural
            use.
 Then go into additio...
THREE
PROCESSES
 Slow Pyrolysis
 Fast Pyrolysis
  Gasification
PYROLYSIS
Insert Biomass                  Slow= 35% Char, rest syngas

Perform pyrolysis               Fast = 15% Char, re...
FA S T P Y R O LY S I S
Utilizes high heat to maximize liquids that are known as Bio-Oil
S L O W P Y R O LY S I S
Utilizes low heat to produce high charcoal content with rather low syngas
G A S I F I C AT I O N
Utilizes high heat and limited oxygen supply to maximize syngas
GASIFICATION
This process actually does not       Syngas produced can be used in
involve pyrolysis, however it does   ener...
CHP
Depending on your situation you       Their approach was to take an
can produce heat and electricity in   abundant bio...
BIOCHAR
            FERMENTATION
The process is efficient, utilizing     Once created you spread on
all the feedstock      ...
THE
FEEDSTOCK
 BIOMASS
It is important to note the qualities
of the biochar will depend on the
source being used

   Ex: M...
CONTACT
     Permanent Address
      61 Cardinal Drive
Poughkeepsie, New York 12601
       T 845.392.5697
     sganz1@itha...
Biochar Slideshow For Ic
Biochar Slideshow For Ic
Biochar Slideshow For Ic
Biochar Slideshow For Ic
Biochar Slideshow For Ic
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Biochar Slideshow For Ic

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This is a slideshow I present to support my cause. I talk and explain during the slideshow, however it is simple enough to understand.

So go through it and contact me of advice and/or problems in the slide.

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  • Biochar Slideshow For Ic

    1. 1. Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
    2. 2. BIOCHAR Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
    3. 3. BIOCHAR An Explanation Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
    4. 4. BIOCHAR An Explanation Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
    5. 5. BIOCHAR An Explanation Presented by Shawn Ganz of Ithaca College Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
    6. 6. http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
    7. 7. WHAT IS BIOCHAR? http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
    8. 8. WHAT IS BIOCHAR? http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
    9. 9. WHAT IS BIOCHAR? Biochar is an enriched form of charcoal made by a process called pyrolysis http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
    10. 10. WHAT IS BIOCHAR? Biochar is an enriched form of charcoal made by a process called pyrolysis The process of pyrolysis allows biochar to hold large quantities of carbon http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
    11. 11. WHAT IS BIOCHAR? Biochar is an enriched form of charcoal made by a process called pyrolysis The process of pyrolysis allows biochar to hold large quantities of carbon This is a modern approach to Terra-preta; an old technique to producing rich charcoal http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
    12. 12. http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
    13. 13. PYROLYSIS http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
    14. 14. PYROLYSIS http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
    15. 15. PYROLYSIS Pyrolysis is the decomposition of materials at a high temperature to produce solid residue http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
    16. 16. PYROLYSIS Pyrolysis is the decomposition of materials at a high temperature to produce solid residue Modern purposes, we want carbonization, where pyrolysis taking place in an anaerobic (oxygen lacking) environment This allows carbon to stay solidified and compacted creating a carbon rich residue or biochar http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
    17. 17. Biochar is Carbon Negative
    18. 18. http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
    19. 19. WHAT ABOUT TERRA PRETA? http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
    20. 20. WHAT ABOUT TERRA PRETA? http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
    21. 21. WHAT ABOUT TERRA PRETA? Terra preta is known as “dark earth” http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
    22. 22. WHAT ABOUT TERRA PRETA? Terra preta is known as “dark earth” Produced thousands of years ago in the Amazonian Basin by fire cooking pits http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
    23. 23. WHAT ABOUT TERRA PRETA? Terra preta is known as “dark earth” Produced thousands of years ago in the Amazonian Basin by fire cooking pits It was distributed around the land and created an organic landscape http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
    24. 24. SO WHAT?
    25. 25. SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for carbon sequestration and soil improvement
    26. 26. SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for carbon sequestration and soil improvement Biochar holds 70x more carbon then normal soil
    27. 27. SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for carbon sequestration and soil improvement Biochar holds 70x more carbon then normal soil Biochar is attractive because it adds soil retention, microbes, fertilizers like N,P, and K
    28. 28. SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for With global economy carbon sequestration and moving towards carbon soil improvement market, this could become more beneficial with Biochar holds 70x more carbon credits under cap carbon then normal soil and trade policies Biochar is attractive because it adds soil retention, microbes, fertilizers like N,P, and K
    29. 29. SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for With global economy carbon sequestration and moving towards carbon soil improvement market, this could become more beneficial with Biochar holds 70x more carbon credits under cap carbon then normal soil and trade policies Biochar is attractive Too much biochar? Sell it to because it adds soil the community retention, microbes, fertilizers like N,P, and K
    30. 30. SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for With global economy carbon sequestration and moving towards carbon soil improvement market, this could become more beneficial with Biochar holds 70x more carbon credits under cap carbon then normal soil and trade policies Biochar is attractive Too much biochar? Sell it to because it adds soil the community retention, microbes, fertilizers like N,P, and K Government rebates and incentives
    31. 31. http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
    32. 32. AGRICULTURE http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
    33. 33. AGRICULTURE http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
    34. 34. AGRICULTURE Biomass for biochar creation is fairly simple http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
    35. 35. AGRICULTURE Biomass for biochar creation is fairly simple Can be used from scraps of crop plants http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
    36. 36. AGRICULTURE Biomass for biochar creation is fairly simple Can be used from scraps of crop plants Use scraps from animals, like manure and chicken shells http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
    37. 37. AGRICULTURE Biomass for biochar creation is fairly simple Can be used from scraps of crop plants Use scraps from animals, like manure and chicken shells Rather then leaving these in the fields for miniscule soil nutrition, convert it into biochar / bio oil http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
    38. 38. 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
    39. 39. 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
    40. 40. 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
    41. 41. 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
    42. 42. 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
    43. 43. 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
    44. 44. 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
    45. 45. SIMPLY...
    46. 46. SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil
    47. 47. SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Increases crop yields
    48. 48. SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Increases crop yields Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources
    49. 49. SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Increases crop yields Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a problem
    50. 50. SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Increases crop yields Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a problem Replenishes exhausted soils
    51. 51. SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Increases crop yields Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a problem Replenishes exhausted soils Zero-Till
    52. 52. SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Soil fixed with biochar can be sustained (with modern Increases crop yields agriculture exercises) for decades and centuries (terra preta) Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a problem Replenishes exhausted soils Zero-Till
    53. 53. SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Soil fixed with biochar can be sustained (with modern Increases crop yields agriculture exercises) for decades and centuries (terra preta) Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Levels pH levels, protecting from acid rain Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a problem Replenishes exhausted soils Zero-Till
    54. 54. SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Soil fixed with biochar can be sustained (with modern Increases crop yields agriculture exercises) for decades and centuries (terra preta) Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Levels pH levels, protecting from acid rain Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a Bio-oil product * problem Replenishes exhausted soils Zero-Till
    55. 55. SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Soil fixed with biochar can be sustained (with modern Increases crop yields agriculture exercises) for decades and centuries (terra preta) Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Levels pH levels, protecting from acid rain Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a Bio-oil product * problem Increases Cation Exchange Replenishes exhausted soils Capacity (CEC) Zero-Till
    56. 56. SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Soil fixed with biochar can be sustained (with modern Increases crop yields agriculture exercises) for decades and centuries (terra preta) Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Levels pH levels, protecting from acid rain Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a Bio-oil product * problem Increases Cation Exchange Replenishes exhausted soils Capacity (CEC) Zero-Till Soil absorption and exchange
    57. 57. YOU COULD BE HAPPY WITHOUT BIOCHAR
    58. 58. YOU COULD BE HAPPY WITHOUT BIOCHAR With reliance solely on N,P, and K fertilizers
    59. 59. YOU COULD BE HAPPY WITHOUT BIOCHAR With reliance solely on N,P, and K fertilizers
    60. 60. BUT BIOCHAR WORKS
    61. 61. BUT BIOCHAR WORKS It is something to invest in, especially with agriculture soil problems occurring
    62. 62. BUT BIOCHAR WORKS It is something to invest in, especially with agriculture soil problems occurring
    63. 63. HOW DO CREATE BIOCHAR?
    64. 64. HOW DO CREATE BIOCHAR?
    65. 65. HOW DO CREATE BIOCHAR? We will start with the basic creation for agricultural use.
    66. 66. HOW DO CREATE BIOCHAR? We will start with the basic creation for agricultural use. Then go into additional content like bio-oil and cogeneration
    67. 67. THREE PROCESSES Slow Pyrolysis Fast Pyrolysis Gasification
    68. 68. PYROLYSIS Insert Biomass Slow= 35% Char, rest syngas Perform pyrolysis Fast = 15% Char, rest syngas Temperature will depend on Syngas gets compressed and the quality and output you gasified to produce bio-fuel require Left over products are heat and Syngas splits from carbon methane, which get recycled source into the process to be heat efficient Carbon source is deposited in separate storage The bio-oil gets cleaned to be able to be used in #2 oil 100% system utilization products like heating
    69. 69. FA S T P Y R O LY S I S Utilizes high heat to maximize liquids that are known as Bio-Oil
    70. 70. S L O W P Y R O LY S I S Utilizes low heat to produce high charcoal content with rather low syngas
    71. 71. G A S I F I C AT I O N Utilizes high heat and limited oxygen supply to maximize syngas
    72. 72. GASIFICATION This process actually does not Syngas produced can be used in involve pyrolysis, however it does energy conversion devices produce biochar Internal combustion engines Maximizes Syngas with small presence of oxygen Gas turbines This can be introduced into the Fuel Cells CHP system They can be even converted to 10% of biomass is turned to high energy fuel biochar Hydrogen
    73. 73. CHP Depending on your situation you Their approach was to take an can produce heat and electricity in abundant biomass that didn’t return for char appear suitable for a fuel To ensure this is sustainable An example: They were rather then damaging, we massive exporters of wooden require a list of biomass crates around the EU materials and the amount to see if CHP could be fed all year The eroded crates are used to round fuel the CHP generator along with trimmings from their We model this business aspect farm after a organic farm in Borritskov Denmark Rule of thumb, any biomass 50km away is unsustainable
    74. 74. BIOCHAR FERMENTATION The process is efficient, utilizing Once created you spread on all the feedstock top of top soil, depending on your agriculture situation there Once the biochar is created it are unique ways to use it needs to be treated We will develop a plan for Watered and used with compost proper utilization of the or soils so the char does not product compete with the soil for moisture You do not need to spread after This also needs to occur since each harvest, allowing you to transporting arid biochar can either conserve or sell be lost as it develops into a fine powder If you decide to sell we can develop a plan
    75. 75. THE FEEDSTOCK BIOMASS It is important to note the qualities of the biochar will depend on the source being used Ex: Manure will have a moister quality then that of switchgrass. However, switchgrass has a lower breakdown rate So a plan will be devised according to your situation
    76. 76. CONTACT Permanent Address 61 Cardinal Drive Poughkeepsie, New York 12601 T 845.392.5697 sganz1@ithaca.edu http://www.linkedin.com/in/ shawnganz
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