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Biochar Slideshow For Ic
 

Biochar Slideshow For Ic

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This is a slideshow I present to support my cause. I talk and explain during the slideshow, however it is simple enough to understand....

This is a slideshow I present to support my cause. I talk and explain during the slideshow, however it is simple enough to understand.

So go through it and contact me of advice and/or problems in the slide.

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Biochar Slideshow For Ic Biochar Slideshow For Ic Presentation Transcript

  • Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
  • BIOCHAR Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
  • BIOCHAR An Explanation Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
  • BIOCHAR An Explanation Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
  • BIOCHAR An Explanation Presented by Shawn Ganz of Ithaca College Ecoera_biochar_ladybug.JPG
  • http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
  • WHAT IS BIOCHAR? http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
  • WHAT IS BIOCHAR? http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
  • WHAT IS BIOCHAR? Biochar is an enriched form of charcoal made by a process called pyrolysis http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
  • WHAT IS BIOCHAR? Biochar is an enriched form of charcoal made by a process called pyrolysis The process of pyrolysis allows biochar to hold large quantities of carbon http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
  • WHAT IS BIOCHAR? Biochar is an enriched form of charcoal made by a process called pyrolysis The process of pyrolysis allows biochar to hold large quantities of carbon This is a modern approach to Terra-preta; an old technique to producing rich charcoal http://www.dynamotive.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/biochar.jpg
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
  • PYROLYSIS http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
  • PYROLYSIS http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
  • PYROLYSIS Pyrolysis is the decomposition of materials at a high temperature to produce solid residue http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
  • PYROLYSIS Pyrolysis is the decomposition of materials at a high temperature to produce solid residue Modern purposes, we want carbonization, where pyrolysis taking place in an anaerobic (oxygen lacking) environment This allows carbon to stay solidified and compacted creating a carbon rich residue or biochar http://www.flickr.com/photos/spikes10546/4275397552/sizes/m/
  • Biochar is Carbon Negative
  • http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
  • WHAT ABOUT TERRA PRETA? http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
  • WHAT ABOUT TERRA PRETA? http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
  • WHAT ABOUT TERRA PRETA? Terra preta is known as “dark earth” http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
  • WHAT ABOUT TERRA PRETA? Terra preta is known as “dark earth” Produced thousands of years ago in the Amazonian Basin by fire cooking pits http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
  • WHAT ABOUT TERRA PRETA? Terra preta is known as “dark earth” Produced thousands of years ago in the Amazonian Basin by fire cooking pits It was distributed around the land and created an organic landscape http://sci-toys.com/attention/soils.jpg
  • SO WHAT?
  • SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for carbon sequestration and soil improvement
  • SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for carbon sequestration and soil improvement Biochar holds 70x more carbon then normal soil
  • SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for carbon sequestration and soil improvement Biochar holds 70x more carbon then normal soil Biochar is attractive because it adds soil retention, microbes, fertilizers like N,P, and K
  • SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for With global economy carbon sequestration and moving towards carbon soil improvement market, this could become more beneficial with Biochar holds 70x more carbon credits under cap carbon then normal soil and trade policies Biochar is attractive because it adds soil retention, microbes, fertilizers like N,P, and K
  • SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for With global economy carbon sequestration and moving towards carbon soil improvement market, this could become more beneficial with Biochar holds 70x more carbon credits under cap carbon then normal soil and trade policies Biochar is attractive Too much biochar? Sell it to because it adds soil the community retention, microbes, fertilizers like N,P, and K
  • SO WHAT? It is a two way solution for With global economy carbon sequestration and moving towards carbon soil improvement market, this could become more beneficial with Biochar holds 70x more carbon credits under cap carbon then normal soil and trade policies Biochar is attractive Too much biochar? Sell it to because it adds soil the community retention, microbes, fertilizers like N,P, and K Government rebates and incentives
  • http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
  • AGRICULTURE http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
  • AGRICULTURE http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
  • AGRICULTURE Biomass for biochar creation is fairly simple http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
  • AGRICULTURE Biomass for biochar creation is fairly simple Can be used from scraps of crop plants http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
  • AGRICULTURE Biomass for biochar creation is fairly simple Can be used from scraps of crop plants Use scraps from animals, like manure and chicken shells http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
  • AGRICULTURE Biomass for biochar creation is fairly simple Can be used from scraps of crop plants Use scraps from animals, like manure and chicken shells Rather then leaving these in the fields for miniscule soil nutrition, convert it into biochar / bio oil http://www.truehealth.org/images/terrapreta-farm2.jpg
  • 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
  • 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
  • 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
  • 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
  • 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
  • 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
  • 1 0 W E E K G R O W T H R E S U LT S ? ( I N A U S T R A L I A )
  • SIMPLY...
  • SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil
  • SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Increases crop yields
  • SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Increases crop yields Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources
  • SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Increases crop yields Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a problem
  • SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Increases crop yields Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a problem Replenishes exhausted soils
  • SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Increases crop yields Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a problem Replenishes exhausted soils Zero-Till
  • SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Soil fixed with biochar can be sustained (with modern Increases crop yields agriculture exercises) for decades and centuries (terra preta) Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a problem Replenishes exhausted soils Zero-Till
  • SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Soil fixed with biochar can be sustained (with modern Increases crop yields agriculture exercises) for decades and centuries (terra preta) Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Levels pH levels, protecting from acid rain Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a problem Replenishes exhausted soils Zero-Till
  • SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Soil fixed with biochar can be sustained (with modern Increases crop yields agriculture exercises) for decades and centuries (terra preta) Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Levels pH levels, protecting from acid rain Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a Bio-oil product * problem Replenishes exhausted soils Zero-Till
  • SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Soil fixed with biochar can be sustained (with modern Increases crop yields agriculture exercises) for decades and centuries (terra preta) Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Levels pH levels, protecting from acid rain Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a Bio-oil product * problem Increases Cation Exchange Replenishes exhausted soils Capacity (CEC) Zero-Till
  • SIMPLY... You incorporate it on the topsoil Soil fixed with biochar can be sustained (with modern Increases crop yields agriculture exercises) for decades and centuries (terra preta) Prevents fertilizer runoff into water sources Levels pH levels, protecting from acid rain Helps retains moisture, allows persistence if water becomes a Bio-oil product * problem Increases Cation Exchange Replenishes exhausted soils Capacity (CEC) Zero-Till Soil absorption and exchange
  • YOU COULD BE HAPPY WITHOUT BIOCHAR
  • YOU COULD BE HAPPY WITHOUT BIOCHAR With reliance solely on N,P, and K fertilizers
  • YOU COULD BE HAPPY WITHOUT BIOCHAR With reliance solely on N,P, and K fertilizers
  • BUT BIOCHAR WORKS
  • BUT BIOCHAR WORKS It is something to invest in, especially with agriculture soil problems occurring
  • BUT BIOCHAR WORKS It is something to invest in, especially with agriculture soil problems occurring
  • HOW DO CREATE BIOCHAR?
  • HOW DO CREATE BIOCHAR?
  • HOW DO CREATE BIOCHAR? We will start with the basic creation for agricultural use.
  • HOW DO CREATE BIOCHAR? We will start with the basic creation for agricultural use. Then go into additional content like bio-oil and cogeneration
  • THREE PROCESSES Slow Pyrolysis Fast Pyrolysis Gasification
  • PYROLYSIS Insert Biomass Slow= 35% Char, rest syngas Perform pyrolysis Fast = 15% Char, rest syngas Temperature will depend on Syngas gets compressed and the quality and output you gasified to produce bio-fuel require Left over products are heat and Syngas splits from carbon methane, which get recycled source into the process to be heat efficient Carbon source is deposited in separate storage The bio-oil gets cleaned to be able to be used in #2 oil 100% system utilization products like heating
  • FA S T P Y R O LY S I S Utilizes high heat to maximize liquids that are known as Bio-Oil
  • S L O W P Y R O LY S I S Utilizes low heat to produce high charcoal content with rather low syngas
  • G A S I F I C AT I O N Utilizes high heat and limited oxygen supply to maximize syngas
  • GASIFICATION This process actually does not Syngas produced can be used in involve pyrolysis, however it does energy conversion devices produce biochar Internal combustion engines Maximizes Syngas with small presence of oxygen Gas turbines This can be introduced into the Fuel Cells CHP system They can be even converted to 10% of biomass is turned to high energy fuel biochar Hydrogen
  • CHP Depending on your situation you Their approach was to take an can produce heat and electricity in abundant biomass that didn’t return for char appear suitable for a fuel To ensure this is sustainable An example: They were rather then damaging, we massive exporters of wooden require a list of biomass crates around the EU materials and the amount to see if CHP could be fed all year The eroded crates are used to round fuel the CHP generator along with trimmings from their We model this business aspect farm after a organic farm in Borritskov Denmark Rule of thumb, any biomass 50km away is unsustainable
  • BIOCHAR FERMENTATION The process is efficient, utilizing Once created you spread on all the feedstock top of top soil, depending on your agriculture situation there Once the biochar is created it are unique ways to use it needs to be treated We will develop a plan for Watered and used with compost proper utilization of the or soils so the char does not product compete with the soil for moisture You do not need to spread after This also needs to occur since each harvest, allowing you to transporting arid biochar can either conserve or sell be lost as it develops into a fine powder If you decide to sell we can develop a plan
  • THE FEEDSTOCK BIOMASS It is important to note the qualities of the biochar will depend on the source being used Ex: Manure will have a moister quality then that of switchgrass. However, switchgrass has a lower breakdown rate So a plan will be devised according to your situation
  • CONTACT Permanent Address 61 Cardinal Drive Poughkeepsie, New York 12601 T 845.392.5697 sganz1@ithaca.edu http://www.linkedin.com/in/ shawnganz