Indian Railways


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Indian Railways

  1. 1. Prepared by : Shaurya Jain 3222 Submitted To : Prof. Gaganbir kaur Prof. Divjyot kaur
  2. 2. About ‘Indian Railways’  Railways were first introduced to India in 1853 from Bombay to Thane. In 1951 the systems were nationalized as one unit, the Indian Railways, becoming one of the largest networks in the world and today Indian Railways is the world’s ninth largest commercial or utility employer, by number of employees, with over 1.4 million employees.
  3. 3. Service provided • Passenger services -: Indian Railways operates 8,702 passenger trains and transports around Nine billion people annually across twenty-seven states and three union territories (Delhi, Pondicherry and Chandigarh). Sikkim is the only state not connected • Sub urban rail -: Many cities have their own dedicated suburban networks to cater to commuters. Currently, suburban networks operate in Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi, Hyderabad and Pune. • Freight -: IR carry a huge variety of goods ranging from mineral ores, agricultural produce, petroleum, milk and vehicles. Ports and major urban areas have their own dedicated freight lines and yards. Source :
  4. 4. Organization Structure Source : M. Kharge
  5. 5. Mr. Pawan k Bansal
  6. 6. Railway Budget (2013) • Planned investment of Rs 63,363 crore for 2013-14. • 67 new express trains to be introduced; 27 passenger trains. • Railway expect revenues to show a balance of Rs 12,506 crore in 2013-14. • 5.2 per cent growth in passenger traffic expected in 2013-14. • No fresh hike in passenger fares. • Freight earning to grow by 9 per cent to Rs 93,554 crore. Railways set to enter 1 billion ton freight club of China, Russia and US. • Marginal increase in cancellation, reservation charges. • Identification of 104 stations for up gradation in places with more than one million population and of religious significance • Diesel price hike added Rs 3,300 crore to fuel bill of Railways. • Operating ratio of 88.8 percent achieved. • Electrification of 1,200 km to be completed this year.
  7. 7. Railway Budget • Free wi-fi facility to be provided in select trains. • 47,000 vacancies for weaker sections and physically challenged to be filled up soon. • REM Company to be set up to harness solar and wind energy. • Internet booking to be provided from 0030 hours to 2330 hours and strengthened with next-generation e-ticketing system to eliminate delays. • Plan to allow e-ticketing via mobile phones .SMS alert service being rolled out shortly to intimate passengers about reservation status. • Railways will use Aadhar data base for bookings and validation of passengers. • Seventeen bridges identified for repair. • Smoke and fire detection system envisaged. • Aim to eliminate 31,846 level crossings. Source :
  8. 8. Sources of Revenue In 2011–2012 Indian Railways had revenues of 1,119,848.9 million(US$19 billion) which consists of 696,759.7 million (US$12 billion) from freight and 286,455.2 million (US$4.8 billion) from passengers tickets. Source :
  9. 9. Cost Structure Source :
  10. 10. SWOT Analysis
  11. 11. Strength • The biggest organization in the world under one management • Affordable to common man • Connects different cities and states • Co-operative employees
  12. 12. Weakness • Non pro-active employees • Corruption within department • Lack of safety • Poor infrastructure • Overcrowded • Delayed trains • Un hygienic food
  13. 13. Opportunity • Metro in commercial cities like Mumbai, Chennai etc. • Development in small cities • Profit through privatization • Technological advancement
  14. 14. Threats • Increasing price of diesel • Naxalites • Terrorism • Improvement of other infrastructure like roadways • Low cost airlines
  15. 15. Corrective Measures • Modernization. • Safety and security of passengers. • Track renewal and improvement in passenger amenities. • Reduction in operating ratio. • Better computerization of railways system. • Induction of new technology for signaling. • Capacity enhancement. • Reasonable hike in prices from time to time.
  16. 16. Can any one guess what it is ??
  17. 17. Notable Trains • Samjhauta Express is a train that runs between India and Pak . • Lifeline Express is a special train popularly known as the "Hospital-on-Wheels" which provides healthcare to the rural areas. • Vivek Express, between Dibrugarh and Kanyakumari, has the longest run in terms of distance and time on Indian Railways network. It covers 4,286 km in about 82 hours and 30 minutes. • Double-decker AC trains have been introduced in India. The first double decker train was Pune-Mumbai Sinhagad express running between Pune and Mumbai . • Palace on Wheels for promoting tourism in Rajasthan. • Deccan Odyssey covering various tourist destinations in Maharashtra and Goa , Golden Chariot train connecting popular tourist destinations in Karnataka and Goa. Source :
  18. 18. • Railway Network: India comes fourth with approx. 64,000 km of railroad after US, Russia, and China. • Distance Covered: The total distance covered by the 14,300 trains daily on the Indian Railways daily equals three & half times the distance to moon. • Passenger Load: The IR carries over 25 million passengers daily. Annually Indian Railways ferries 9 billion passenger. • There are two UNESCO world heritage sites on IR the Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Mountain Railways of India. • Longest Platform: Indian Railways owns the longest railway platform in the world at Kharagpur ,West Bengal with a length of 2,733 ft (1072.5 m). • Fastest train in India: New Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the fastest train in India. Facts Source :
  19. 19. At last.. The most cost efficient mode of transport, Indian Railways enjoy preference over other public transport systems. Used extensively for passenger and freight transfer, Indian Railways proves itself the forerunner in the transport sector as the most affordable, convenient and well connected network. With thousands of railway stations across the country, and relatively low train fare, Indian Railways is the first choice for transfer goods and commodities.