What Are Volcanoes?
• A volcano is a landform (usually a mountain) where
molten rock erupts through the surface of the planet.
• In simple terms a volcano is a mountain that opens
downward to a pool of molten rock (magma) below the
surface of the earth. It is a hole in the Earth from which
molten rock and gas erupt.
What do Volcanoes look like?
A volcano is a big mountain that has a big circle
hole at the top of the mountain.
After an eruption a volcano is very
grey/black/brown with red/yellow/orange lava
around the top.
How do Volcanoes erupt?
• Volcanoes are formed when there is a great
pressure inside the earth’s crust and the force of
the magma reaches so high that it finds its way
upward causing an eruption. From:
What is the biggest Volcano
in New Zealand?
The biggest volcano in New Zealand is the Lake
Taupo volcano which is submerged under water.
The biggest active volcano in New Zealand is Mt.
What is the most dangerous
volcano in New Zealand?
• The most dangerous volcano in New Zealand is
Lake Taupo which last erupted in the year 186
and erupts approximately every 2000 years.
How many volcanoes are
active in Auckland?
• There are 49 volcanoes in Auckland, but no one
knows how many volcanoes are active as they can
erupt at anytime.
What are some of the latest
• One of the latest volcano eruptions in the world
was the volcano in Indonesia which has a death
toll of 135. See more information at:
New Zealand Volcano
• An eruption is coming, warns GNS Science
volcanologist Dr Graham Leonard, and anyone
living pretty much north of Wellington should be
prepared. For more information visit:
• Also there is a volcano eruption warning on
White Island. Visit:
What country has the most
• Indonesia has the most volcanoes, by far. It is
really a special place because there seem to be
volcanoes all around, in all directions. Merapi
(which means "mountain of fire") erupted in
January 1994 and killed a few hundred people.