GMO's: Genetically Modified Organisms

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A presentation developed for Elementary students to help them understand GMO's and how they effect health and the food industry.

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GMO's: Genetically Modified Organisms

  1. 1. GMO‟s: Genetically Modified Organisms Presented by: Shaun Merritt
  2. 2. What are GMO‟s?  GMOs, or “genetically modified organisms,” are plants or animals created through gene splicing techniques, (also called genetic engineering).  This technique alters DNA from different species  Cannot occur in nature or in traditional cross breeding
  3. 3. Reminders?...
  4. 4. The Future of Genetic Technology  143 different types of GMO‟s worldwide which provide the possible solutions for:  World Hunger  Stacking Nutrition  Agricultural Survival  Increase Plant Defenses  Weather  Disease  Pests  Endless Possibilities…
  5. 5. Concerns…  Environmental Concerns  Ecosystem Alterations – Manmade Changes  Superbugs  Soil  Lab Rat Revelations  Damaged brain, live, testicles, small intestines and immune systems  No Long Term Test Results on Humans  The Unknown…
  6. 6. Because of Biotech lobbying, the presence of GMO‟s in your foods aren‟t required to be labeled
  7. 7. Common GMO Crops  Alfalfa  Corn  Flax  Rice  Sugar Beets  Yellow Summer Squash  Canola  Cotton  Papaya  Say  Zucchini  Soy
  8. 8. Ingredients Derived From At Risk Crops  Include but are not limited to…  Amino Acids, Aspartame, Ascorbic Acid, Sodium Ascorbate, Vitamin C, Citric Acid, Sodium Citrate, Ethanol, Flavorings (“natural” and “artificial”), High-Fructose Corn Syrup, Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein, Lactic Acid, Maltodextrins, Molasses, Monosodium Glutamate, Sucrose, Textured Vegetable Protein (TVP), Xanthan Gum, Vitamins, Yeast Products  60 – 70% of your food
  9. 9. Conclusion  GMO‟s aren‟t safe for human consumption  Safeguarding our Future  More Education & Attention  Call for Action
  10. 10. Works Cited  Anthony G. O‟Donnell, et al. “Assessing The Survivability Of Transgenic Plant DNA In The Human Gastrointestinal Tract.” Nature Biotechnology 22.2 (2004): 204-209. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Nov 2012.  Beringer, John E. “Releasing Genetically Modified Organisms: Will any Harm Outweigh Any Advantage?” Journal of Applied Ecology 37.2 (200): 207-214. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Nov. 2012  Diouf, Jacques. “Genetically Modified Crops – Why? Why Not?” Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica: Section B, Soil & Plant Science 5 (2003): 3-7 Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 November 2012.  Ewen, Stanley W.B., and Arpad Pusztai. “Effect of Diets Containing Genetically Modified Potatoes Expressing Galanthus Nivalis Lectin on Rat Small Intestine.” Lancet 354.9187 (1999): 1353-1354. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 November 2012.  Sayre, Phil, and Ramon Seidler. “Application Of GMOs In The U.S.: EPA Research & Regulatory Considerations Related To Soil Systems.” Plant & Soil 275.1/2 (2005): 77-91. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 November 2012.  Smith, Jeffrey M. „THE CAMPAIGN For HEALTHIER EATING in AMERICA‟, Total Health, 29, 2, pp. 38- 40, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 09 June 2012  Von Gӧtz, Franz. “See What You Eat-Broad GMO Screening With Microarrays.” Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry396.6 (2010): 1961-1967. Academic Search Premier. Web. 3 June 2012.

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