Offensive Content Australia: R18 – Contains content that is likely to be disturbing to those under eighteen. This content is not prohibited on domestic hosting sites if there is an age-verification system certified by the ACMA in place. X18 – Contains nonviolent sexually explicit content between consenting adults. This content may be subject to ACMA takedown provisions if hosted on domestic servers. RC – Contains content that is Refused Classification (child pornography, fetish, detailed instruction on crime, and so on) and is prohibited on Australian-hosted sites.
No explicit legal mechanism for the take-down of objectionable material. Instead, the nonprofit InternetNZ is in the process of establishing an industry wide code of conduct that would require its signers to agree not to host illegal content.
The government focuses its efforts on prosecuting the distributors or possessors.
COPYRIGHT IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND Australian ’s copyright law more stricter than those of New Zealand Australia’s copyright laws: Following the acceptance of the Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement in 2004, Australia was required to bring its copyright laws closer in line with those of the United State
Do you think Australia Internet Law is too rigor so that it restricts information sharing with Netizens?.
Do you think the protection of online copyright may result in negative influence on academic research?
The institutionalized investigation system of hate speech in New Zealand violates the right to freedom of expression in international human rights law?
References: Allan Swann, “Entire Copyright Act to Be Scrapped,” National Business Review, May 1 2009,< http://www.nbr.co.nz/article/entire-copyright-act-be-scrapped-101820 > Cheng J 2007, “Report: 80 percent of blogs contain ‘offensive content’”, Ars technica, view on 16 Sep. 2011 < http://arstechnica.com/security/news/2007/04/report-80-percent-of-blogs-contain-offensive-content.ars > Davison, Mark J; Ann Louise Monnotti & Leanne Wiseman (2008). Australian intellectual property law. Cambridge University Press. p. 180. ISBN 9780521613385. Electronic Frontiers Australia, “Defamation Laws and the Internet,” January 14, 2006, < http://www.efa.org.au/Issues/Censor/defamation.html > Hutchinson J, “High Courtgrants film industry appeal in iiTrial” 12 Aug, 2011 < http://www.itnews.com.au/News/266661,high-court-grants-film-industry-appeal-in-iitrial.aspx > Hilvert J,“Secret copyright treaty derails Australian Internetcode” 11 Mar,2011, < http://www.itnews.com.au/News/250866,secret-copyright-treaty-derails-australian-internet-code.aspx >