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Managerial Accounting 15th ed Chapter 7A

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Managerial Accounting 15th ed Chapter 7A

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Managerial Accounting 15th ed Chapter 7A

1. 1. PowerPoint Authors: Susan Coomer Galbreath, Ph.D., CPA Charles W. Caldwell, D.B.A., CMA Jon A. Booker, Ph.D., CPA, CIA Cynthia J. Rooney, Ph.D., CPA Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education. ABC Action Analysis Appendix 7A
2. 2. 7A-2 Learning Objective 6 (Appendix 7A) Prepare an action analysis report using activity-based costing data and interpret the report.
3. 3. 7A-3 Appendix 7A: ABC Action Analysis Conventional ABC analysis does not identify potentially relevant costs. An action analysis report helps because it: • Shows what costs have been assigned to a cost object. • Indicates how difficult it would be to adjust those costs in response to changes in the level of activity. Conventional ABC analysis does not identify potentially relevant costs. An action analysis report helps because it: • Shows what costs have been assigned to a cost object. • Indicates how difficult it would be to adjust those costs in response to changes in the level of activity.
4. 4. 7A-4 Constructing an action analysis report begins with the first-stage allocation process. In addition to computing an overall activity rate for each activity cost pool, an activity rate is computed for each type of overhead cost that is consumed supporting a given activity. Let’s revisit the stage-one allocations from the Baxter Battery Company example that we discussed earlier. Appendix 7A: ABC Action Analysis
5. 5. 7A-5 Customer Orders Design changes Order Size Customer Relations Other Total Production Department Indirect factory wages 1,800,000\$ 1,800,000\$ 1,200,000\$ 600,000\$ 600,000\$ 6,000,000\$ Factory equipment depreciation 700,000 350,000 2,100,000 - 350,000 3,500,000 Factory utilities - 250,000 1,500,000 - 750,000 2,500,000 Factory building lease - - - - 2,000,000 2,000,000 General Administrative Department Administrative wages and salaries 1,200,000 400,000 400,000 1,200,000 800,000 4,000,000 Office equipment depreciation 270,000 90,000 - 180,000 360,000 900,000 Administrative building lease - - - - 1,100,000 1,100,000 Marketing Department Marketing wages and salaries 450,000 150,000 - 750,000 150,000 1,500,000 Selling expenses 100,000 - - 350,000 50,000 500,000 Total 4,520,000\$ 3,040,000\$ 5,200,000\$ 3,080,000\$ 6,160,000\$ 22,000,000\$ Activity Cost Pools Appendix 7A: ABC Action Analysis Customer Orders Design Changes Order Size Customer Relations Other Total Activity 10,000 4,000 800,000 2,000 N/A Production Department Indirect factory wages 180\$ 450.00\$ 1.50\$ 300\$ Factory equipment depreciation 70 87.50 2.62 - Factory utilities - 62.50 1.88 - Factory building lease - - - - General Administrative Department Administrative wages and salaries 120 100.00 0.50 600 Office equipment depreciation 27 22.50 - 90 Administrative building lease - - - - Marketing Department Marketing wages and salaries 45 37.50 - 375 Selling expenses 10 - - 175 Total 452\$ 760.00\$ 6.50\$ 1,540\$ Activity Cost Pools \$1,800,000 ÷ 10,000 orders = \$180 per order Other entries in the table are computed similarly.
6. 6. 7A-6 Customer Orders Design Changes Order Size Customer Relations Total Total activity for batteries 4,000 - 480,000 N/A Production Department Indirect factory wages 720,000\$ -\$ 720,000\$ 1,440,000\$ Factory equipment depreciation 280,000 - 1,260,000 1,540,000 Factory utilities - - 900,000 900,000 Factory building lease - - - - General Administrative Department - - Administrative wages and salaries 480,000 - 240,000 720,000 Office equipment depreciation 108,000 - - 108,000 Administrative building lease - - - - Marketing Department - - Marketing wages and salaries 180,000 - - 180,000 Selling expenses 40,000 - - 40,000 Total 1,808,000\$ -\$ 3,120,000\$ 4,928,000\$ Action Analysis Cost Matrix for SureStart Batteries Activity Cost Pools \$180 per order × 4,000 orders = \$720,000 Other entries in the table are computed similarly.
7. 7. 7A-7 Customer Orders Design Changes Order Size Customer Relations Total Total activity for battery housing 6,000 4,000 320,000 N/A Production Department Indirect factory wages 1,080,000\$ 1,800,000\$ 480,000\$ 3,360,000\$ Factory equipment depreciation 420,000 350,000 840,000 1,610,000 Factory utilities - 250,000 600,000 850,000 Factory building lease - - - - General Administrative Department - - Administrative wages and salaries 720,000 400,000 160,000 1,280,000 Office equipment depreciation 162,000 90,000 - 252,000 Administrative building lease - - - Marketing Department - - Marketing wages and salaries 270,000 150,000 - 420,000 Selling expenses 60,000 - - 60,000 Total 2,712,000\$ 3,040,000\$ 2,080,000\$ 7,832,000\$ Action Analysis Cost Matrix for LongLife Batteries Activity Cost Pools \$180 per order × 6,000 orders = \$1,080,000 Other entries in the table are computed similarly.
8. 8. 7A-8 Next, label each cost using an ease of adjustment code: • Green costs adjust more or less automatically to changes in activity level without any action by managers. • Yellow costs can be adjusted to changes in activity level, but it would require management action to realize the change in cost. • Red costs can be adjusted to changes in activity level only with a great deal of difficulty and with management intervention. Next, label each cost using an ease of adjustment code: • Green costs adjust more or less automatically to changes in activity level without any action by managers. • Yellow costs can be adjusted to changes in activity level, but it would require management action to realize the change in cost. • Red costs can be adjusted to changes in activity level only with a great deal of difficulty and with management intervention. Appendix 7A: ABC Action Analysis
9. 9. 7A-9 Sales 18,700,000\$ Green costs Direct materials 6,000,000\$ Shipping costs 1,000,000 7,000,000 Green margin 11,700,000\$ Yellow costs Direct labor 5,000,000 Indirect factory wages 3,360,000 Factory utilities 850,000 Administrative wages and salaries 1,280,000 Office equipment depreciation 252,000 Marketing wages and salaries 420,000 Selling expenses 60,000 11,222,000 Yellow margin 478,000\$ Red costs Factory equipment depreciation 1,610,000 Factory building lease - Administrative building lease - 1,610,000 Red margin (1,132,000)\$ Action Analysis of LongLife Batteries Appendix 7A: ABC Action Analysis
10. 10. 7A-10 End of Appendix 7A