Science Review For Sol For 2nd Benchmark
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Science Review For Sol For 2nd Benchmark

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Science Review For Sol For 2nd Benchmark Science Review For Sol For 2nd Benchmark Presentation Transcript

  • Big Board Facts Welcome To
  • Animals NEXT
  • Animals NEXT
  • Habitats NEXT
  • Habitats NEXT
    • Water-related environments include those with fresh water or salt water.
    • Examples include ponds, marshes, swamps, streams, rivers, and oceans.
    • Dry-land environments include deserts, grasslands, rain forests, and forests.
    • There are distinct differences among pond, marshland, swamp, stream, river,
    • ocean, desert, grassland, rainforest, and forest environments.
    • A community is all of the populations that live together in the same place.
    • Examples of a dry-land community would be a forest made up of trees,
    • squirrels, worms, rabbits, and hawks.
    • An example of a water-related community would be an ocean
    • made up of fish, crabs, and seaweed.
    • A population is a group of organisms of the same kind that
    • lives in the same place.
    • Examples of a population are a group of swans in a pond,
    • a school of fish in a river,
    • and a herd of cattle in the grassland.
    • Organisms compete for the limited resources in their specific environment.
  •  
    • Physical adaptations help animals survive in their environments.
    • Examples include camouflage and mimicry.
    • Behavioral adaptations allow animals to respond to life needs.
    • Examples include hibernation, migration, instinct, and learned behavior.
    • In order to survive, animals act in different ways to gather and store food,
    • find shelter, defend themselves, and rear their young.
    • Some animals go on a long-distance journey from one place to another as seasons
    • change (migration).
    • Various animals blend into their environments to protect themselves from
    • enemies (camouflage).
    • Some animals look like other animals to avoid being eaten (mimicry).
    • This adaptation helps protect them from their predators.
    • (For example, the viceroy butterfly tastes good to birds, but the monarch butterfly tastes bad.
    • Because the viceroy looks like the monarch butterfly, it is safer from predators.)
    • Some animals are born with natural behaviors that they need in order to survive in their environments.
    • These behaviors are not learned but are instinctive, such as a beaver building a dam or
    • a spider spinning a web.
    • Some behaviors need to be taught in order for the animal to survive, such as bear cub
    • learning to hunt.
  •  
    • A food chain shows a food relationship among plants and animals in a
    • specific area or environment.
    • Terrestrial organisms are found on land habitats such as deserts,
    • grasslands, and forests. Aquatic organisms are found in water habitats such as ponds,
    • marshes, swamps, rivers, and oceans.
    • A green plant makes its own food from sunlight, air, and water. Green plants are producers.
    • A consumer is an animal t hat eats living organisms (plant or animal).
    • Certain organisms break down decayed plants and animals into smaller pieces
    • that can be used again by living things. These organisms are decomposers.
    • A food chain, which shows part of a food web, can have an animal that eats only
    • plants (herbivore). It can have an animal that eats only other animals (carnivore).
    • It can also have an animal that eats both plants and animals (omnivore).
    • An animal can hunt other animals to get its food (predator).
    • An animal can be hunted by another animal for food (prey).
  • The following pages contain very important Science Vocabulary that you will need to know to pass the 2 nd Science Benchmark. Please study. You can make flash cards or type them up yourself.
  • Back to Board
    • Carnivore – an animal that only eats other animals.
    • Consumer – an organism that eats other organisms.
    • Decomposer – an organism that breaks down
    • dead plants and animals into smaller pieces that
    • can be used again by living things.
    • Food chain – the way energy passes from one
    • organism to another organism in a community.
    • Food web – the combination of many food chains
    • showing food relationships in a community.
    • Herbivore – an animal that eats only plants.
    • Omnivore – an animal that eats both plants and animals.
    • Predator – an animal that can hunt other animals
    • to get its food.
    • Prey – an animal that is hunted by another animal for food.
    • Producer – an organism that makes its own food (plant).
  • Show Answer
    • Behavioral Adaptations – behaviors that animals exhibit
    • in order to respond to life needs.
    • Camouflage – a physical adaptation some animals have
    • in which their fur, feathers , or skin coloring allows them to
    • blend into the environment, allowing them to be protected
    • from predators or hidden from prey.
    • Hibernation – a deep winter sleep that some animals go
    • through in which their body activities slow down and they
    • live off stored energy in the form of body fat.
    • Instinct – natural behaviors that some animals are born
    • with and need to survive in their environments, such as a
    • bird’s song or running from danger.
    • Learned behavior – a behavior that an animal is taught.
    • Migration – a long distance journey from one place to another
    • as seasons change and the availability of food changes.
    • Mimicry – the ability of some animals to look like other animals
    • to avoid being eaten, such as the viceroy butterfly mimicking the
    • poisonous monarch butterfly’s wind patterns and color.
    • Physical adaptations – structural characteristics that help animals
    • survive in their environments.
  • Back to Board
    • Community – all the populations that live together in
    • the same place.
    • Environment – all the living and nonliving things that
    • surround an organism.
    • Population – a group of organisms of the same kind
    • that live in the same place. Examples – a school of fish
    • in a river, a herd of cattle in the grassland, a group of
    • swans in a pond
  • Try these released test items from the Virginia Department of Education. Answers follow each slide.
  • Show Answer
      •    ?     
      •    ?     
      •    ?     
      •    ?     
  • B: Grassland animals Back to Board
  • Show Answer What are adult cardinals able to do that baby cardinals are unable to do? A Fly B Make noise C Breathe air D Sleep
  • A: Fly Back to Board
  • Show Answer A dog gets the energy it needs to run from — A the air B the Sun C food D water
  • C food Back to Board
  • Show Answer Cows are farm animals that eat only plants . Which of these kinds of living things is a cow? F Decomposer G Herbivore H Carnivore J Producer
  • G Herbivore Back to Board
  • Show Answer When a tadpole grows, its gills change into lungs. What does it now need to survive? A Air B Water C Soil D Fins
  • A air Back to Board
  • Show Answer
  • A: No rain Back to Board
  • Show Answer
  • G: Open plains Back to Board
  • Show Answer
  • A: eats other animals Back to Board
  • Show Answer
  • G: Mushroom Back to Board
  • Show Answer
  • C: They help to break down dead organisms. Back to Board
  • Show Answer
  • C: An omnivore Back to Board
  • Show Answer
  • G: an omnivore Back to Board
  • End It Authored by Jeff Ertzberger - 2004 University of North Carolina at Wilmington All rights reserved. All Clipart and Sounds Copyright Microsoft PowerPoint and Microsoft Office Gallery Online – All Rights Reserved.  Some images have been modified from original version. This presentation may not be sold, or redistributed without written permission, and may only be used for non-profit educational use. Using and Distributing this Template You are free to use this template in non-profit educational settings. If you improve it, I ask that you send it back to me with your improvements so that I can share it with others. You will be given credit for your improvements. If your improvements include media such as: clip art, pictures, sounds, etc be sure that you obtain permission to use and distribute those before sending it to me. Send improvements to: [email_address]