Science Review For Sol For 2nd Benchmark


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Science Review For Sol For 2nd Benchmark

  1. 1. Big Board Facts Welcome To
  2. 3. Answer <ul><li>J Producer </li></ul>
  3. 4. Animals NEXT
  4. 5. Animals NEXT
  5. 6. Habitats NEXT
  6. 7. Habitats NEXT
  7. 8. <ul><li>Water-related environments include those with fresh water or salt water. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include ponds, marshes, swamps, streams, rivers, and oceans. </li></ul><ul><li>Dry-land environments include deserts, grasslands, rain forests, and forests. </li></ul><ul><li>There are distinct differences among pond, marshland, swamp, stream, river, </li></ul><ul><li>ocean, desert, grassland, rainforest, and forest environments. </li></ul><ul><li>A community is all of the populations that live together in the same place. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of a dry-land community would be a forest made up of trees, </li></ul><ul><li>squirrels, worms, rabbits, and hawks. </li></ul><ul><li>An example of a water-related community would be an ocean </li></ul><ul><li>made up of fish, crabs, and seaweed. </li></ul><ul><li>A population is a group of organisms of the same kind that </li></ul><ul><li>lives in the same place. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of a population are a group of swans in a pond, </li></ul><ul><li>a school of fish in a river, </li></ul><ul><li>and a herd of cattle in the grassland. </li></ul><ul><li>Organisms compete for the limited resources in their specific environment. </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Physical adaptations help animals survive in their environments. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include camouflage and mimicry. </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral adaptations allow animals to respond to life needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include hibernation, migration, instinct, and learned behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to survive, animals act in different ways to gather and store food, </li></ul><ul><li>find shelter, defend themselves, and rear their young. </li></ul><ul><li>Some animals go on a long-distance journey from one place to another as seasons </li></ul><ul><li>change (migration). </li></ul><ul><li>Various animals blend into their environments to protect themselves from </li></ul><ul><li>enemies (camouflage). </li></ul><ul><li>Some animals look like other animals to avoid being eaten (mimicry). </li></ul><ul><li>This adaptation helps protect them from their predators. </li></ul><ul><li>(For example, the viceroy butterfly tastes good to birds, but the monarch butterfly tastes bad. </li></ul><ul><li>Because the viceroy looks like the monarch butterfly, it is safer from predators.) </li></ul><ul><li>Some animals are born with natural behaviors that they need in order to survive in their environments. </li></ul><ul><li>These behaviors are not learned but are instinctive, such as a beaver building a dam or </li></ul><ul><li>a spider spinning a web. </li></ul><ul><li>Some behaviors need to be taught in order for the animal to survive, such as bear cub </li></ul><ul><li>learning to hunt. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>A food chain shows a food relationship among plants and animals in a </li></ul><ul><li>specific area or environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Terrestrial organisms are found on land habitats such as deserts, </li></ul><ul><li>grasslands, and forests. Aquatic organisms are found in water habitats such as ponds, </li></ul><ul><li>marshes, swamps, rivers, and oceans. </li></ul><ul><li>A green plant makes its own food from sunlight, air, and water. Green plants are producers. </li></ul><ul><li>A consumer is an animal t hat eats living organisms (plant or animal). </li></ul><ul><li>Certain organisms break down decayed plants and animals into smaller pieces </li></ul><ul><li>that can be used again by living things. These organisms are decomposers. </li></ul><ul><li>A food chain, which shows part of a food web, can have an animal that eats only </li></ul><ul><li>plants (herbivore). It can have an animal that eats only other animals (carnivore). </li></ul><ul><li>It can also have an animal that eats both plants and animals (omnivore). </li></ul><ul><li>An animal can hunt other animals to get its food (predator). </li></ul><ul><li>An animal can be hunted by another animal for food (prey). </li></ul>
  10. 13. The following pages contain very important Science Vocabulary that you will need to know to pass the 2 nd Science Benchmark. Please study. You can make flash cards or type them up yourself.
  11. 14. Back to Board <ul><li>Carnivore – an animal that only eats other animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer – an organism that eats other organisms. </li></ul><ul><li>Decomposer – an organism that breaks down </li></ul><ul><li>dead plants and animals into smaller pieces that </li></ul><ul><li>can be used again by living things. </li></ul><ul><li>Food chain – the way energy passes from one </li></ul><ul><li>organism to another organism in a community. </li></ul><ul><li>Food web – the combination of many food chains </li></ul><ul><li>showing food relationships in a community. </li></ul><ul><li>Herbivore – an animal that eats only plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Omnivore – an animal that eats both plants and animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Predator – an animal that can hunt other animals </li></ul><ul><li>to get its food. </li></ul><ul><li>Prey – an animal that is hunted by another animal for food. </li></ul><ul><li>Producer – an organism that makes its own food (plant). </li></ul>
  12. 15. Show Answer <ul><li>Behavioral Adaptations – behaviors that animals exhibit </li></ul><ul><li>in order to respond to life needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Camouflage – a physical adaptation some animals have </li></ul><ul><li>in which their fur, feathers , or skin coloring allows them to </li></ul><ul><li>blend into the environment, allowing them to be protected </li></ul><ul><li>from predators or hidden from prey. </li></ul><ul><li>Hibernation – a deep winter sleep that some animals go </li></ul><ul><li>through in which their body activities slow down and they </li></ul><ul><li>live off stored energy in the form of body fat. </li></ul><ul><li>Instinct – natural behaviors that some animals are born </li></ul><ul><li>with and need to survive in their environments, such as a </li></ul><ul><li>bird’s song or running from danger. </li></ul><ul><li>Learned behavior – a behavior that an animal is taught. </li></ul><ul><li>Migration – a long distance journey from one place to another </li></ul><ul><li>as seasons change and the availability of food changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Mimicry – the ability of some animals to look like other animals </li></ul><ul><li>to avoid being eaten, such as the viceroy butterfly mimicking the </li></ul><ul><li>poisonous monarch butterfly’s wind patterns and color. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical adaptations – structural characteristics that help animals </li></ul><ul><li>survive in their environments. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Back to Board <ul><li>Community – all the populations that live together in </li></ul><ul><li>the same place. </li></ul><ul><li>Environment – all the living and nonliving things that </li></ul><ul><li>surround an organism. </li></ul><ul><li>Population – a group of organisms of the same kind </li></ul><ul><li>that live in the same place. Examples – a school of fish </li></ul><ul><li>in a river, a herd of cattle in the grassland, a group of </li></ul><ul><li>swans in a pond </li></ul>
  14. 17. Try these released test items from the Virginia Department of Education. Answers follow each slide.
  15. 18. Show Answer <ul><ul><li>   ?      </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>   ?      </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>   ?      </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>   ?      </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. B: Grassland animals Back to Board
  17. 20. Show Answer What are adult cardinals able to do that baby cardinals are unable to do? A Fly B Make noise C Breathe air D Sleep
  18. 21. A: Fly Back to Board
  19. 22. Show Answer A dog gets the energy it needs to run from — A the air B the Sun C food D water
  20. 23. C food Back to Board
  21. 24. Show Answer Cows are farm animals that eat only plants . Which of these kinds of living things is a cow? F Decomposer G Herbivore H Carnivore J Producer
  22. 25. G Herbivore Back to Board
  23. 26. Show Answer When a tadpole grows, its gills change into lungs. What does it now need to survive? A Air B Water C Soil D Fins
  24. 27. A air Back to Board
  25. 28. Show Answer
  26. 29. A: No rain Back to Board
  27. 30. Show Answer
  28. 31. G: Open plains Back to Board
  29. 32. Show Answer
  30. 33. A: eats other animals Back to Board
  31. 34. Show Answer
  32. 35. G: Mushroom Back to Board
  33. 36. Show Answer
  34. 37. C: They help to break down dead organisms. Back to Board
  35. 38. Show Answer
  36. 39. C: An omnivore Back to Board
  37. 40. Show Answer
  38. 41. G: an omnivore Back to Board
  39. 42. End It Authored by Jeff Ertzberger - 2004 University of North Carolina at Wilmington All rights reserved. All Clipart and Sounds Copyright Microsoft PowerPoint and Microsoft Office Gallery Online – All Rights Reserved.  Some images have been modified from original version. This presentation may not be sold, or redistributed without written permission, and may only be used for non-profit educational use. Using and Distributing this Template You are free to use this template in non-profit educational settings. If you improve it, I ask that you send it back to me with your improvements so that I can share it with others. You will be given credit for your improvements. If your improvements include media such as: clip art, pictures, sounds, etc be sure that you obtain permission to use and distribute those before sending it to me. Send improvements to: [email_address]