MONGOLIA Presented by: Sharkhuu Munkhbat THE LAND OF BLUE SKY
EARLY HISTORY OF MONGOLIA <ul><li>Archeological digs have uncovered human remains in the Gobi and other regions of Mongolia dating back nearly 500,000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>The 1st Mongolian state -Hunnu was founded by Mooduni Shanyu in BC209. </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Wall of China was built partly as defense against the nomads from the north. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 4th century Hunnu defeated by the Chinese and split into two 2 parts. West part of the Hunnu migrated to the Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Attilla was the most powerful King of Hunnu who settled in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>After the Hunnu, Mongolian land was occupied by Siyanbi, then by Nirun from the III century until VI century. </li></ul>
THE GREAT MONGOL EMPIRE <ul><li>In 1206, after the several years of war with other Mongol tribes, Temujin ( Chinggis Khan ) the leader of one of the Mongolian tribe united Mongol tribes and proclaimed The Great Mongol State in Orkhon valley. </li></ul><ul><li>He originated the largest land empire in World history. </li></ul>Chinggis Khan 1162-1227
THE GREAT MONGOL EMPIRE <ul><li>The largest contiguous land empire in world history. </li></ul><ul><li>Under his successors it stretched from present-day Poland in the west to Korea in the east, and from Siberia in the north to Vietnam in the south, covering some 33,000,000 km², (22% of Earth's total land area) and having a population of over 100 million people. </li></ul>The Great Mongol Empire 1206-1294 The map of Mongol Empire
MONGOLIA TODAY GEOGRAPHY Mongolian 94%, Turkic, Russian 6.0% Languages Buddhist Lamaism-96% Muslim, Shamanism, Christian - 4% Religions 2,7 million Population Ulaanbaatar Capital city 1.565 million km ² (19th in the world) AREA
CLIMATE Climate is extreme continental, warm rainy summers from +25 to +35 C and extremely cold winter from -20 to – 30 C with four seasons a year: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Sharp seasonal fluctuations and variations. Average annual precipitation is 200-300 mm.
MONGOLIA - FACTS <ul><li>The highest point is Huitnii Orgil - 4374m </li></ul><ul><li>The lowest point is Khukh Nuurs Khotgor - 518m </li></ul><ul><li>Average altitude of 1580m above the sea level </li></ul><ul><li>The largest lake is Uvs -3350 sq.km </li></ul><ul><li>The longest river is Selenge -992km </li></ul><ul><li>The most pure lake in the world is -Khovsgol </li></ul>
POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT The Government Building Prime minister, Government Executive branch State Great Khural /Parliament/ Legislature 18 years of age, universal Suffrage Civil code Legal system 12 february 1992 New constitution 11 July 1921 Independence Parliamentary Government type
ECONOMY 1848 USD GDP per capita 3 1.5 mln Labor force 7 2.8% Unemployment rate 8 23% Inflationsrate 9 Coal, copper, molybdenum, gold, tungsten, nickel, phosphates, tin, zinc, fluorspar, silver, iron and oil Mineral resource 6 Agriculture: 20.6% Industry: 21.4% Services: 58% GDP by sectors 5 10.2% GDP growth 4 4.9 bln USD GDP 2 Tugrug (MNT) Currency (code) 1
ANIMALS MAIN LIVESTOCK Total 40.27 (mln) 0.26 camel 2.24 horse 2.43 cattle 16.99 sheep 18.35 goat.
NATIONAL CLOTHING <ul><li>Clothing is closely connected with the way of life of the Mongolian people, with the specific features of their economic system and with the natural conditions of the country. </li></ul>In summer the Mongols wear a light coat or frock, the "Terleg“. In winter a sheepskin dress reminding of a fur coat, the "Tsagaan Nekhi Deel".
NATIONAL HOUSE GER (YURT) Portable housing, tents of nomads Skeletion of Ger
NATIONAL SPORTS NAADAM FESTIVAL After 1921, the Naadam Festival became an official celebration of the National Revolution's victory. During the holiday (11-13 July) 3 kinds of traditional sport events took place. 1. Wrestling 2. Horse racing 3. Archery
INTERNATIONAL SPORT-SUMO <ul><li>Mongolia's traditional wrestlers have made the transition to Japanese sumo wrestling with great success. </li></ul>Yokozuna Hakuho Height:192.0cm Weight:154.0kg Yokozuna Asashoryu Height:184.0cm Weight:147.0kg Ozeki Harumafuji Height:185.0cm Weight:128.5kg
SITE SEEING IN ULAANBAATAR <ul><li>The centre of Lamaist </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism of Mongolia </li></ul><ul><li>Gandan temple </li></ul>Monument of Buddha Zaisan hill Monument of Chinggis Khan Sukhbaatar`s square
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