ACTIVE VOICE A sentence which begins with the person or thing that does the action. 1. Faizal helps Voon Teck 2. Yee Ann invented the space ship. 3. Tan Xin Yi completed the exercise. 4. Peter has built a house.
PASSIVE VOICE A sentence which begins with the person or thing that receives the action. 1. Voon Teck is helped by Faizal. 2. The space ship was invented by Yee Ann. 3. The exercise was completed by Tan Xin Yi.
HOWActive: Peter builds a housePassive: A house is built by Peter Verb “to be” + past participle + by
FORMULA Simple Present : is / am/ are + past participle Simple Past : was/were + past participle Present Continuous: is/am/are+ being+past participle Past Continuous: was/were + being+past participle
MORE EXAMPLESActive: Chun Hong understands spanish.Passive: Spanish is understood by Chun Hong.Active: Julian invented the blue jeans.Passive : The blue jeans was invented by Julian.
MORE EXAMPLESActive: Denny is driving the sport car.Passive: The sport car is being driven by Denny.Active: Yien Keat was driving the big car.Passive : The big car was being driven by Yien Keat.
SUMMARYTense Active PassiveSimple Present Peter builds a house. A house is built by PeterSimple Past Peter built a house. A house was built by Peter.Present Continuous Peter is building a A house is being built house. by Peter.Past Continuous Peter was building a A house was being house. built by Peter.
EXERCISES My friend bought a new car. John cleaned the bathroom. The teacher closes the window. The electricians test the fire alarm. Our dog is biting the cat. The mechanic was repairing the cars.
Put the verbs in brackets into thePresent Continuous (passive form) The sand castles ___ ___ ___ (build) by the children on the beach. The room__ __ __ (clean) by us now. The gate __ __ __ (lock) by the watchman. Some chicken bones __ __ __ (put) into the soup now. The bicycle __ __ __ (ride) by my younger brother.
Put the verbs in brackets into the PastContinuous (passive form) The rubbish ___ ___ ___ (collect) by them. Basketball__ __ __ (play) by the boys all yesterday evening. Mother __ __ __ (help) by us all last Sunday. The road __ __ ___ (repair) by the men all last week. A blue shirt __ __ __ (wear) when I saw him.
Put the verbs in bracket into the simplepresent tense (passive form). A ruler __ __ (make) of wood. Eggs __ __ (sell) at the market. Oil ___ __ (use) for cooking. Rice ___ __ (eat) in Asian Countries. The gate ___ ___ (lock) every night. My car ___ __(wash) every week.
Put the verbs in bracket into the simplepast tense (passive form). That house __ __ (built) ten years ago. Those boxes __ __ (stolen) last night. I ___ __ (born) on 9th April 2009. She ___ __ (drown) in the lake yesterday. The chickens ___ ___ (feed) last evening. Two children ___ __(kill) in the accident.