Yugoslavia In Yugoslavia, children celebrate the second Sunday beforeChristmas as Mothers Day. The children creep in and tie her feetto a chair and shout, "Mothers Day, Mothers Day, what will youpay to get away?" She then gives them presents. Children playthe same trick on their father the week after.Those Yugoslavs who live in the country fear bad luck if theirChristmas log burns out and so someone has to stand over thelog all Christmas night to ensure it stays lit up.A Christmas cake called chestnitsa, contains a gold or silver coinand is said that whomever gets it can expect lots of good luck.The Yugoslavs eat roast pig as their Christmas dish and it mustbe carved a particular way, according to old customs.Every household has a Christmas crib. According to old customsthey go on an expedition to the forests to gather moss withwhich to line the crib. Also families would have an old-fashionedmusic box that plays Christmas carols
ItalyItaly goes 8 days before Christmas and ends 3 weeks later.The Xmas is called Novena. Children go around 1 week beforeXmas in shepherds costumes and play the Pipe , and receivemoney to buy charismas presents. At noon the pope gives thepeople blessings. 24 hours before charismas eve, there is acelebration meal they have a cake called Panettone and achocolate one. Another famous cake is the pandoro. The Xmaseve meal is called Cenone. Christmas lunch is Tortellini inBrodo which is filled pasta parcels in broth, also served iscappone which is boiled capon, or roasts served from Italy.
GreenlandKiviak is a special dish for Christmas inGreenland. Cake is really important inGreenland on Christmas. They just wearmodern day clothes.
SwazilandSwaziland celebrates Christmas onJanuary seventh. They eat cabbage soupand usually have a fish dish along the sideof their meal.Some people In Swaziland wear traditional clothing others wearmodern day clothes.They have no traditional song forChristmas.
ChinaMost Chinese people do not celebrate Christmasbecause the majority of Chinese people are notChristian.
Poland!Traditionally Advent is an important season In the polish year, withspecial church services.During Advent and in some homes on Christmas eve bees wax or plainwax is poured on water and fortunes are told from the shapes whichemerge.Christmas Eve, Wigilia, is an important part of the Polish Christmas, infact the most important rituals are celebrated on this day.A traditional food found in Poland is Oplatek which is a piece of breadpressed with a holy picture on the surface. Oplatek is more symbolicthan real food. We celebrate with at least 12 different vegetarian disheslike: mushroom soup, carp, cabbage with pea, stuffed dumplings, andshells macaroni with poppy "makielki". In some homes some hay is putunder the tablecloth.
NorwayNorwegian children always remember a little gnome Nisseat Christmas time. He guards all the farm animals and heplays tricks on the children if they forget to place a bowl ofspecial porridge for him.A favorite holiday cookie is called a sand kager is made bymixing 2 cups of butter and sugar, 4 cups of flour, and 1cup of chopped almonds. This pressed into a tin, bakeduntil golden brown, and cut into squares.
Pakistan!In Pakistan the 25th of December is a publicholiday it is however in memory of Jinnah thefounder of Pakistan. In Christian homes they celebrate Christmaswith the exchanging of gifts and cards, thewearing of new clothes and the visiting ofhouses of friends.The traditional meal in Pakistan is Kabaabs andchicken or mutton or biryani.
Christmas in MexicoChristmas in Mexico.The Christmas song in Mexico is Silent Night in Spanish. TheChristmas dinner in Mexico is Stuffed turkey or ham, corn withraisins or sweet beans, or strawberry flavored. Peanuts, Beans,and bananas. They have 12 day’s of Christmas. They wear redon Christmas for a costume and Santa comes to see children.They have fireworks.
Christmas in GreeceSt. Nicholas is important in Greece as the patron saint of sailors. According to Greek tradition, his clothes aredrenched with brine, his beard drips with seawater, and his face is covered with perspiration because he hasbeen working hard against the waves to reach sinking ships and rescue them from the angry sea. Greek shipsnever leave port without some sort of St. Nicholas icon on board.On Christmas Eve small boys to the beating of drums and the tinkling of triangles usually sing carols. They gofrom house to house and are given dried figs, almonds, walnuts and lots of sweets or sometimes small gifts.After 40 days of fasting, the Christmas feast is looked forward to with great anticipation by adults and childrenalike. Pigs are slaughtered and on almost every table are loaves of christopsomo or "Christ Bread". This breadis made in large sweet loaves of various shapes and the crusts are engraved and decorated in some way thatreflects the familys profession.Christmas trees are not commonly used in Greece. In almost every home the main symbol of the season is ashallow wooden bowl with a piece of wire is suspended across the rim; from that hangs a sprig of basilwrapped around a wooden cross. A small amount of water is kept in the bowl to keep the basil alive and fresh.Once a day, a family member, usually the mother, dips the cross and basil into some holy water and uses it tosprinkle water in each room of the house. This ritual is believed to keep the Killantzaroi away from the house.
Christmas in IrelandChristmas in Ireland lasts from football matches and meetings going on.Christmas Eve to the feast of the For children, the Wren Boys ProcessionEpiphany on January 6, which is referred is their big event. Boys go from door toto as Little Christmas. Irelands door with a fake wren on a stick,Christmas is more religious than a time singing, with violins, accordions,of fun. harmonicas and horns to accompany them. The reason for the ceremony is toLighted candles are placed in windows ask for money for the starving wren,on Christmas Eve, as a guide that that is, for their own pockets.Joseph and Mary might be looking forshelter. The candles are usually red incolor, and decorated with sprigs of holly. Children often put out Christmas sacks instead of stockings.Irish women bake a seed cake for eachperson in the house. They also makethree puddings, one for each day of the It is tradition to leave mince pies and aEpiphany such as Christmas, New Years bottle of Guinness out as a snack forDay and the Twelfth Night. Santa .After the Christmas evening meal, breadand milk are left out and the doorunlatched as a symbol of hospitality.St Stephens Day, the day afterChristmas, is almost as important, with
BrazilBrazilians are a mix of different ethnic people,and as a former Portuguese colony, they have Christmas morning! On December 25th, Catholics go to church, but the masses aremany Christmas customs which originate from mostly late afternoon, because people enjoythis heritage. sleeping late after the dinner called Ceia de Natal or going to the beach.One tradition is to create a nativity scene orPresépio. The word originates from the Hebrew Decorations include fresh flowers picked fromword "presepium" which means the bed of the garden. Fireworks go off in the skies overstraw upon which Jesus first slept in the cites and huge Christmas "trees" of electricBethlehem. The Presépio is common in lights can be seen against the night skies innortheastern Brazil. Nowadays presépios are major cities such as Brasilia, San Paolo, andset up in December and displayed in churches, Rio de Janeiro.homes, and stores.Papai Noel or Father Noel is the gift-bringer inBrazil. According to legend, he lives in In Brazil there is folk dancing and singing andGreenland. When he arrives in Brazil, he the festivities go on until January 6th, whichusually wears silk clothing due to the summer the Brazilians refer to as Three Kings Day.heat. January 6th is supposed to be the day when three wise men visited Jesus to bring him gifts.A huge Christmas dinner includes turkey, ham,colored rice, and wonderful vegetables andfruit dishes.Devout Catholics often attend Midnight Mass orMissa do Galo. The mass has this namebecause the rooster announces the coming dayand the Missa do Galo finishes at 1 AM on
IndianChristians in India decorate banana or mango trees.They also light small oil-burning lamps as Christmasdecorations and fill their churches with red flowers.They give presents to family members and baksheesh, orcharity, to the poor people.In India, the poinsettia is in flower and so the churchesare decorated with this brilliant bloom for the ChristmasMidnight Mass.In South India, Christians put small clay lamps on therooftops and walls of their houses at Christmas, just asthe Hindus do during their festival called Diwali.
WalesCaroling is called eisteddfodde and is often accompanied by a harp. In some rural areas avillager is chosen to be the Mari llwyd. This person travels around the town draped in whiteand carrying a horses skull on a long pole. Anyone given the "bite" by the horses jaws mustpay a fine.!!The Welsh people maintain most of the traditional customs associated with England such asholly, mistletoe, pudding, carols, Christmas stockings, oranges, crackers and lots of snow. Christmas is spent with lots of people gathering in the public square for the announcement of who, during the year, has won the prize for submitting the best music for a new carol, and the formal pronouncement of it as the carol of the year. This carol is now added to those already known and sung in Wales.
FranceOn Christmas eve children in France leave there shoes by the fireplace to be filled with toys and candy. And in the morning they eatthere candies and play toys. Not very many family’s celebrateChristmas in France. The traditional food is, Grout, turkey ,corn ,eggnog, salads. They also sing Christmas carols.
Hungary In Hungary the main Christmas celebration take place on Christmas eve December 6th when they open presents, left by baby Jesus, and the angels. They eat chicken, apple sauce, corn, raisons , ham ,stuffed turkey, and salads. They perform puppets shows and Hungarian Christmas traditions, performed by adults children or the elders, often combined with puppets and songs!
EgyptThe traditional meal in Egypt is Fast they hardly eat forforty days. There traditional X-mas song is Gipsy ChristmasCarol. They where any dress they want.
Syria In Syria on December 6, a specialMass is held in churches in honor of SaintNicholas Thaumaturgus, who legend has saidwas a kind and generous man not dissimilar toSaint Nicholas after who Santa Claus ismodelled. On Christmas Eve everyone in thefamily, carries a lit candle, to stand around anunlit bonfire outside their house. The youngestchild usually the son of the family reads theChristmas story, after which the bonfire is lit.The way the flames spread shows the luck of thehouse in the coming year. When the fire burns,psalms are sung, and when it sinks, everyoneleaps over the embers making wishes.Christmas dinner is chicken, oranges, nuts andpastries. But it is on New Years Day thatchildren receive presents. They are broughttheir gifts by the youngest of the camels thatcarried the Three Wise Men to Bethlehem. Thechildren leave water and hay outside the houseof the camel. In the morning the water and hayare gone, replaced by presents.
VenezuelaIn Venezuela on December 16thfamilies bring out their pesebreswhich is a specially designed andthought out depiction of the nativityscene. It is a custom to attend at oneof nine carol services is observed bymost Venezuelans. Firecrackersexplode and bells ring to callworshippers from bed in the predawnhours. The last of the masses takesplace on Nochebuena de NavidadChristmas Eve. Families attend amass on this night and then returnhome to a huge and fancy dinner. OnJanuary 6th when the childrenawaken they will discover that thestraw that they had left beside theirbed the night before has gone and inits place are gifts the children knowthat the Magi and their camels havebeen and when they go to look in themirror if they have a black smudge ontheir cheek they know that Balthazar,King of the Ethiopians has kissedthem whilst they slept.