Remind them to take notes. Ask Discussion Questions (have them prepared). Tie activity into sonnet comparison/John Donne/Ben Johnson activities.
What’sthe dealwithRenaissancepoetry?Way back in time…15th-17th century1400-16001450-16001485-1600
During the “rebirth” or“reconstruction”, you wouldsee a lot of this… Idealization of the beloved Rejection (Women) Romance Imagery Symbolism Metaphor Hyperbolic speech Figurative language Nature
An awakening of intellectualawareness:Who were thecelebrities? John Donne Ben Johnson Edmund Spenser William Shakespeare John Milton Sir Philip Sidney
Metaphysical Poetry Group of British poets in 17th cent. Concerned with religion (casuistic element) Donne-the perfection of beauty Unusual similes/metaphors Unrealistic imagery Strong sense of wit/humor Famous for introducing the conceitt Deeper meaning/allegory
Conceit Extended metaphor Complex logic Invites reader into a refined way of understanding a comparison Juxtaposition/manipulation of images
“The Flea” Mark but this flea, and mark in this, How little that which thou deniest me is ; It suckd me first, and now sucks thee, And in this flea our two bloods mingled be. Thou knowst that this cannot be said A sin, nor shame, nor loss of maidenhead ; Yet this enjoys before it woo, And pamperd swells with one blood made of two ; And this, alas ! is more than we would do.
O stay, three lives in one flea spare, Where we almost, yea, more than married are. This flea is you and I, and this Our marriage bed, and marriage temple is. Though parents grudge, and you, were met, And cloisterd in these living walls of jet. Though use make you apt to kill me, Let not to that self-murder added be, And sacrilege, three sins in killing three.
Cruel and sudden, hast thou since Purpled thy nail in blood of innocence? Wherein could this flea guilty be, Except in that drop which it suckd from thee? Yet thou triumphst, and sayst that thou Findst not thyself nor me the weaker now. Tis true ; then learn how false fears be ; Just so much honour, when thou yieldst to me, Will waste, as this fleas death took life from thee.Where is the conceit?
Cavalier Poetry Secular topics (typically) Conversational style Natural speech and rhythm Regular rhyme pattern Also used conceits and metaphors Highly influenced by classical Greek and Roman literature Romantic love “Carpe Diem”- Horace Straightforward meaning
SonnetsTraditionally come in two types: (1) The Italian (or Petrarchan) sonnet An octave (eight lines) rhyming abbaabba A sestet (six lines) of varying rhyme patterns such as: cdecde or cdccdc Sir Thomas Wyatt- 1500s (into English) became all the rage.
Sonnets (cont.) 2) English (or Shakespearean) sonnet Three quatrains (sections of four lines, also called "staves"): abab cdcd efef A concluding couplet (two rhyming lines): gg. Early of Surrey and others- 1500s ** Last sestet/couplet illustrates change in direction/thought/emotion
Wait. .what about theSpenserian Sonnet? Edmund Spenser Spenserian sonnet – everything similar to Shakespearean except rhyme pattern
Edmund Spenser - Sonnet 75One day I wrote her name upon the strand, But came the waves and washed it away: Again I wrote it with a second hand, But came the tide, and made my pains his prey. What is the rhyme pattern?“Vain man,” said she, “that doest in vain assay A mortal thing so to immortalize, A) ABBA CDDC EFF GG B) AABB CCDD EEF GG For I myself shall like to this decay, C) ABAB CDCD EFEF GG And eek my name be wiped out likewise.” D) ABAB BCBC DEDE FFNot so (quoth I), “let baser things devise To die in dust, but you shall live by fame: My verse your virtues rare shall eternize, And in the heavens write your glorious name.Where whenas death shall all the world subdue, Out love shall live, and later life renew.”