Agenda• What is a digital story?• How do you tell a digital story?• What is digital storytelling’s role in education?• How can we use Digital Storytelling in ITE context? (activity)
What is a digital story?• A short, first person narrative created by combining recorded voice, still and/or moving images, and music or other sounds.
HOW DO YOU TELL A DIGITALSTORY?
What is digital storytelling?• A process of writing about a story, and adding the multimedia elements of voice, imagery, and music to create a visual story.
STEP ONE:Choose a Topic(Central Theme),Write a Script
Tasks involved in …• STEP ONE: Choose a Topic (Central Theme), Write a Script – Create a folder on the desktop where you can store all of the materials related to your digital story. Select a topic for your digital story. – Begin thinking of the purpose of your story. Are you trying to inform, convince, provoke, question? Also, think about who the audience will be for this story. – Write the first draft of the script for your story. This script will serve as the basis of the narration you will record later. – Read what you have written make sure your script includes a clearly articulated purpose and includes an identifiable point of view. – Share your script with others and use their feedback to improve the next version of your script. – Repeat the process of getting feedback and revising the script, until you are satisfied with the results.
STEP TWO:Collect Resources Recorded voice Image Photos Music
Tasks involved in …• STEP TWO: Collect Resources – Search for or create images that can be used in your story, including: pictures, drawings, photographs, maps, charts, etc. - Save these resources in your folder. – Try to locate audio resources such as music, speeches, interviews, and sound effects. - Save these resources in your folder. – Try to find other informational content, which might come from web sites, word processed documents, or PowerPoint slides - Save these resources in your folder.
STEP THREE:Select Content,Develop a Storyboard Permits teller-of-tale to determine the type of imagery that will be associated with a particular portion of the script. The images/sound/music will set your story and convey emotions.
Tasks involved in …• STEP THREE: Select Content, Develop a Storyboard – Select the images you would like to use for your digital story. – Select the audio you would like to use for your digital story. – Select the text and any additional content you would like to use for your digital story. – Create a storyboard that provides a textual, visual and audio overview of your plan for the digital story.
STEP FOUR:Import, Record,Finalize Create story using software available: • iMovie (Mac) • Windows Movie Maker (PC) • PhotoStory (PC)
Tasks involved in …• STEP FOUR: Import, Record, Finalize – Import images into Windows Movie Maker or other similar software program. – Import audio into Windows Movie Maker. – Set / Modify the number of images and/or image order, if necessary. – Use a computer microphone and record the narration of your script using Audacity or other similar software. – Import the narration into Windows Movie Maker. – Add music or other audio to your story. – Finalize your digital story by saving it in a version that can be viewed.
STEP FIVE:Demonstrate,Evaluate, Share Be proud of your creation!
Tasks involved in …• STEP FIVE: Demonstrate, Evaluate, Share – Show your digital story to your friends, family and colleagues. – Gather feedback about how the story could be improved, expanded, and used educationally. – Teach your students or colleagues how to create their own digital story. – Congratulate yourself for a job well done.
Rule of thumb in creating digital story…• Optimal digital story length would be 2 – 3 min• Composed of 20 -25 images.• Has a script length of one page A4, font type Arial 12, double-spaced.• Generally, use of video is discouraged as it adds another layer of complexity to the to the process, and may be in contention with tellers own recorded voice.• Record voice-overs in 2-3 sentence chunks.• Use noise reduction microphones.
DIGITAL STORYTELLING ANDEDUCATION
Everyone has a story to tell… including our students… Some stories are funny… some can be painful… but all are personal.
Differentiating Instruction• Digital storytelling tap into students’ interests and specific learning profile• It allow teachers to customize content according to students readiness with background information and technological proficiencies.
What do students learn?• Digital storytelling develops visual and multimedia literacy in students.• Digital storytelling addresses the development of the interpretation of digital media and the application of that interpretation to a personal message or story
What do students learn?• Digital storytelling provides students with a competitive and compelling voice by – enlarging the boundaries of who students can communicate with and – increasing the depth and power of that communication.
What do students learn?• Digital storytelling permits students to recapture creativity, develop it, intensify it, apply it, and extend it• Digital storytelling helps students write more effectively by permitting the visualization of the writing, resulting in an additional level of perception that extends the writing process
StraitsTimes Writing classes a must for NUS freshmem…Oct 31, 2011 http://www.straitstimes.com/BreakingNews/Singapore/St Breaking ory/STIStory_728982.html news at6am today!
What do students learn?• Digital storytelling provides an authentic personal learning experience – greatly improved motivation and end product• Digital storytelling teaches elements of technology, media and information literacy – students use different computer applications and must be conversant about locating and managing visuals and video, as well as being able to do so in the context of copyright and fair use
Why Digital Story?• One of the ways to move from data to understanding is to tell the story and make the relevant connections• Students sew the information together in an organized way that forces students to think about the entire body of information
Higher-Order Applications• Digital video editing programs are higher- order applications (more conceptually difficult)• The nature of digital videos overcomes the limitations of more static demonstration software that can be episodic and disjointed (eg. Powerpoint presentation)
HOW CAN ITE LEVERAGE ONDIGITAL STORYTELLING…
Activity1) Get into your working group (LIS group; LTD group; ED group; Adjunct Trainer group)2) Discuss over tea (20 min) : – LIS : How can library leverage DS for Information and Media Literacy? – LTD : How can we leverage DS in our various technology projects to augment information and technology literacy among students and teachers? – ED : What is the role of DS in our teacher training program; and how can we leverage its affordance? – Adjunct Trainer : How can we leverage DS to encourage student motivation, communication, etc?3) Return to share
Results of our collective intelligence LIS•Knowledge sharing (information/media literacy)•Teaching tool (presenting content)•Journey in acquisition of information literacy•Student competition in digital storyLTD•As Instructional template•TTS (Student write out the script) –eg,. Topic on Augmented reality•Rapping (mp3)
Results of our collective intelligence ED•Alternative Assessment tool (reflection – digital storyrather than writing)AdjT•Voice for students who may not have the courage tospeak up
SOURCES FOR RESOURCES
Sources for Digital Stories…• Center for Digital Storytelling – http://www.storycenter.org• DigitalStories.org – http://www.digitalstories.org• The Art of Telling Digital Stories – http://digitales.us/• Digital Storytelling Asia – http://digitalstorytellingasia.com/showcase/
Sources for image / video• http://www.mamma.com/• http://www.singingfish.com• http://www.iconfinder.com
Check list to get started• Hardware • Software Digital cameras for still Video editing software and video images • Movie Maker Scanners • Photostory Microphones • iMovie • Sennheiser (noise canceling Word processing microphones) software Computers with internal or external video/audio Image editing software conversion interface Internet access devices
Thank you!Glad to take any questions you may have…
Seven Elements of Digital StorytellingElements Description1. Point of View What is the main point of the story and what is the perspective of the author?2. A Dramatic Question A key question that keeps the viewers attention and will be answered by the end of the story.3. Emotional Content Serious issues that come alive in a personal and powerful way and connects the story to the audience.4. The Gift of Your Voice A way to personalize the story to help the audience understand the context.5. The Power of the Music or other sounds that support and embellish theSoundtrack storyline.6. Economy Using just enough content to tell the story without overloading the viewer.7. Pacing The rhythm of the story and how slowly or quickly it progresses. Source :http://digitalstorytelling.coe.uh.edu/7elements.html
• Literatures about DS – http://jdorman.wikispaces.com/file/view/Tools+for+the+Mind.pdf – http://www.bobsedulinks.com/downloads/digitalstorytellingarticle. pdf – http://digitalstorytelling.coe.uh.edu/powerpoint.html – http://www.jakesonline.org/dstory_ice.pdf